Frases de Horatio Nelson

Horatio Nelson Foto
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Horatio Nelson

Fecha de nacimiento: 29. Septiembre 1758
Fecha de muerte: 21. Octubre 1805
Otros nombres: Lord Horatio Nelson

Horacio Nelson, primer Vizconde de Nelson, primer Duque de Bronté fue un almirante de la Marina Real británica. Fue conocido por sus victorias durante las Guerras Napoleónicas. Fue herido varias veces en combate, perdiendo un brazo durante el intento de invasión británico del archipiélago español de Canarias, y la vista de un ojo durante otra de sus acciones de piratería en Córcega. Murió tras haber sido alcanzado por un soldado francés, que colaboraba con España, en la batalla de Trafalgar el 21 de octubre de 1805.

Nelson nació en una familia medianamente prospera originaria de Norfolk, y se unió a la marina por influencia de su tío, Maurice Suckling. Ascendió rápidamente por el escalafón y trabajo con los mejores comandantes navales de la época hasta recibir su propio comando en 1778. Desarrollo una reputación a través del valor personal y por sus hábiles estrategias pero sufrió periodos de enfermedad y desempleo después de la Guerra de Independencia estadounidense. El inicio de las Guerras Revolucionarias Francesas le permitió volver al servicio, manteniéndose activo particularmente en el Mediterráneo. Enfrento varias escaramuzas menores en Toulon y jugo un papel importante en la captura de Córcega y en subsecuentes labores diplomáticas en los estados italianos. In 1797, se distinguió por su victoria en la batalla del Cabo San Vicente al mando del buque HMS Captain.

Poco después de la antedicha batalla, Nelson participo en el asedio de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, donde fue malherido perdiendo un brazo, y forzado a marcharse a Inglaterra para recuperarse. El año siguiente, obtuvo una victoria decisiva sobre Francia Batalla del Nilo y se mantuvo en el mediterráneo para apoyando al Reino de Nápoles contra la invasión francesa. En 1801, fue despachado al Báltico y obtuvo otra victoria, esta vez sobre los daneses en la Batalla de Copenhague. Subsecuentemente, comandó un bloqueo naval contra flotas francesas y españolas en Toulon, y después de su escape, los persiguió hasta las Antillas y vuelta a Europa pero no logró darles batalla. Después de un breve regreso a Inglaterra, comandó el bloqueo de Cádiz en 1805. El 21 Octubre de 1805, la flota franco-española zarpó y Nelson la enfrentó en la Batalla de Trafalgar. Esta fue la batalla más grande de Gran Bretaña, pero desgraciadamente Nelson perdió la vida en medio de esta cuando un francotirador francés le disparo a bordo del buque HMS Victory. Su cuerpo fue llevado a Inglaterra y recibió un funeral de estado.

La Victoria y muerte de Nelson en Trafalgar lo convirtió en una de las figuras más heroicas de Gran Bretaña. Numerosos monumentos han sido creados en su honor y su legado se mantiene hasta nuestros días.

Frases Horatio Nelson

„Inglaterra espera que todo hombre cumpla con su deber.“

—  Horatio Nelson

Sin fuentes

„My character and good name are in my own keeping. Life with disgrace is dreadful. A glorious death is to be envied,“

—  Horatio Nelson

Letter from Agamemnon at sea (10 March 1795), in Nelson's letters to his wife and other documents, 1785-1831 edited by Navy Records Society, p. 199
1790s
Contexto: The lives of all are in the hands of Him who knows best whether to preserve it or no, and to His will do I resign myself. My character and good name are in my own keeping. Life with disgrace is dreadful. A glorious death is to be envied, and, if anything happens to me recollect death is a debt we must all pay, and whether now or in a few years hence can be but of little consequence.

„I cannot, if I am in the field for glory, be kept out of sight.“

—  Horatio Nelson

Letter to his wife, Frances Nelson (2 August 1796), as published in The Dispatches and Letters of Vice Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson with Notes (1845) edited Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Vol. II : 1795-1797, p. 203
1790s
Contexto: !-- Had all my actions, my dearest Fanny, been gazetted, not one fortnight would have passed during the whole war without a letter from me: one day or other I will have a long Gazette to myself; I feel that such an opportunity will be given me. --> I cannot, if I am in the field for glory, be kept out of sight. Probably my services may be forgotten by the great, by the time I get Home; but my mind will not forget, nor cease to feel, a degree of consolation and of applause superior to undeserved rewards. Wherever there is anything to be done, there Providence is sure to direct my steps. Credit must be given me in spite of envy. <!-- Even the French respect me: their Minister at Genoa, in answering a Note of mine, when returning some wearing apparel that had been taken, said, ‘Your Nation, Sir, and mine, are made to show examples of generosity, as well as of valour, to all the people of the earth.

„To leave off action"? Well, damn me if I do! You know, Foley, I have only one eye,— I have a right to be blind sometimes . . . I really do not see the signal!“

—  Horatio Nelson

At the battle of Copenhagen, Ignoring Admiral Parker's signal to retreat, holding his telescope up to his blind eye, and proceeding to victory against the Danish fleet. (2 April 1801); as quoted in Life of Nelson, Ch. 7
1800s
Contexto: To leave off action"? Well, damn me if I do! You know, Foley, I have only one eye,— I have a right to be blind sometimes... I really do not see the signal!

„Wherever there is anything to be done, there Providence is sure to direct my steps.“

—  Horatio Nelson

Letter to his wife, Frances Nelson (2 August 1796), as published in The Dispatches and Letters of Vice Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson with Notes (1845) edited Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Vol. II : 1795-1797, p. 203
1790s
Contexto: !-- Had all my actions, my dearest Fanny, been gazetted, not one fortnight would have passed during the whole war without a letter from me: one day or other I will have a long Gazette to myself; I feel that such an opportunity will be given me. --> I cannot, if I am in the field for glory, be kept out of sight. Probably my services may be forgotten by the great, by the time I get Home; but my mind will not forget, nor cease to feel, a degree of consolation and of applause superior to undeserved rewards. Wherever there is anything to be done, there Providence is sure to direct my steps. Credit must be given me in spite of envy. <!-- Even the French respect me: their Minister at Genoa, in answering a Note of mine, when returning some wearing apparel that had been taken, said, ‘Your Nation, Sir, and mine, are made to show examples of generosity, as well as of valour, to all the people of the earth.

„I had rather suffer death than alarm Mrs. Freemantle, by letting her see me in this state, when I can give her no tidings whatever of her husband.“

—  Horatio Nelson

After being wounded during the attack on Santa Cruz de Tenerife (24 July 1797), as quoted in The Dispatches and Letters of Vice Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson with Notes (1845) edited Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Vol. II : 1795-1797, p. 423
1790s

„The Neapolitan officers did not lose much honour, for God knows they had not much to lose - but they lost all they had.“

—  Horatio Nelson

After a French rout of the Neapolitan army (1798) [citation needed]
1790s

„The measure may be thought bold, but I am of the opinion the boldest are the safest.“

—  Horatio Nelson

Statement to Sir Hyde Parker urging vigorous action against the Russians and Danes (24 March 1801), quoted in "The Book of Military Quotations" by Peter G. Tsouras, p. 54
1800s

„My greatest happiness is to serve my gracious King and Country and I am envious only of glory; for if it be a sin to covet glory I am the most offending soul alive.“

—  Horatio Nelson

Letter to his mistress, Lady Hamilton (1800) [citation needed]; derived from "But if it be a sin to covet honour, I am the most offending soul alive." by William Shakespeare, in Henry V
1800s

„Thank God, I have done my duty.“

—  Horatio Nelson

Statement among his final dying words. [citation needed]
The Battle of Trafalgar (1805)

„Drink, drink. Fan, fan. Rub, rub.“

—  Horatio Nelson

In his dying hours, Nelson was attended by his chaplain, Alexander Scott; his steward, Chevalier; and the purser, Walter Burke. Their accounts have been available to Nelson's modern biographers. This was a request to alleviate his symptoms of thirst, heat, and the pains of his wounds, as quoted in Horatio Nelson (1987) by Tom Pocock, p. 331
The Battle of Trafalgar (1805)

„England expects every Man will do his Duty.“

—  Horatio Nelson

Famous signal to the British fleet before the battle of Trafalgar, as quoted in Life of Nelson, Ch. 9; Initially dictated as: "England confides that every man shall do his duty." The signaller pointed out that "expects" was in the signals alphabet, but "confides" was not and so had to be spelt out, taking longer, and Nelson agreed to the change.
Variant:
England expects every officer and man to do his duty this day.
As reported in The London Times (26 December 1805)
The Battle of Trafalgar (1805)

„I am myself a Norfolk man.“

—  Horatio Nelson

On being welcomed on arrival in Great Yarmouth, in his home county [citation needed]
1790s

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