„Those who understand history are condemned to watch other idiots repeat it.“

Hakim Bey Foto
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Chuck Palahniuk Foto
George Santayana Foto

„Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.“

— George Santayana, The Life of Reason: Five Volumes in One
Context: Progress, far from consisting in change, depends on retentiveness. When change is absolute there remains no being to improve and no direction is set for possible improvement: and when experience is not retained, as among savages, infancy is perpetual. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. This famous statement has produced many paraphrases and variants: Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it. Those who do not remember their past are condemned to repeat their mistakes. Those who do not read history are doomed to repeat it. Those who fail to learn from the mistakes of their predecessors are destined to repeat them. Those who do not know history's mistakes are doomed to repeat them. There is a similar quote by Edmund Burke (in Revolution in France) that often leads to misattribution: "People will not look forward to posterity, who never look backward to their ancestors."

Benjamin Graham Foto
Edmund Burke Foto
Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. Foto

„Santayana's aphorism must be reversed: too often it is those who can remember the past who are condemned to repeat it.“

— Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian, social critic, and public intellectual 1917 - 2007
The Bitter Heritage: Vietnam and American Democracy (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1966) p. 91

Albert Camus Foto
Errol Morris Foto

„History repeats itself: historians repeat each other.“

— Philip Guedalla British historical writer 1889 - 1944
" Some Historians http://books.google.com/books?id=E0luAAAAMAAJ&q=%22History+repeats+itself+historians+repeat+each+other%22&pg=PA20#v=onepage," Supers & Supermen: Studies in Politics, History and Letters (1920)

Chuck Palahniuk Foto

„Trump is not an idiot at all, but those who voted for him are.“

— Piero Scaruffi Italian writer 1955
Protest and Boycott http://www.scaruffi.com/politics/lockhimup.html#usa1216a

Judy Chicago Foto
Steven Pinker Foto
Sara Shepard Foto