„On this showing, the nature of the breakdowns of civilizations can be summed up in three points: a failure of creative power in the minority, an answering withdrawal of mimesis on the part of the majority, and a consequent loss of social unity in the society as a whole.“

—  Arnold J. Toynbee, libro A Study of History

Vol. 4 (1948), part B, p. 6.
A Study of History (1934–1961)

Obtenido de Wikiquote. Última actualización 3 de Junio de 2021. Historia
Arnold J. Toynbee Foto
Arnold J. Toynbee8
historiador británico 1889 - 1975

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Jan Smuts Foto
Jesse Ventura Foto

„War isn't civilized. War is failure. It's the ultimate result of a breakdown in public policy, and soldiers are the machines that handle that breakdown.“

—  Jesse Ventura American politician and former professional wrestler 1951

I Ain't Got Time To Bleed (1999)
Contexto: War isn't civilized. War is failure. It's the ultimate result of a breakdown in public policy, and soldiers are the machines that handle that breakdown. In warfare, you're taught to do whatever you have to, to stay alive.

Eugène Delacroix Foto

„Nature creates unity even in the parts of a whole.“

—  Eugène Delacroix French painter 1798 - 1863

25 January 1857 (p. 346)
1831 - 1863, Delacroix' 'Journal' (1847 – 1863)

Richard D. Wolff Foto

„A worker-coop based economy—where workers democratically run enterprises, deciding what, how and where to produce, and what to do with any profits—could, and likely would, put social needs and goals (like proper preparation for pandemics) ahead of profits. Workers are the majority in all capitalist societies; their interests are those of the majority. Employers are always a small minority; theirs are the "special interests" of that minority. Capitalism gives that minority the position, profits and power to determine how the society as a whole lives or dies. That's why all employees now wonder and worry about how long our jobs, incomes, homes and bank accounts will last—if we still have them. A minority (employers) decides all those questions and excludes the majority (employees) from making those decisions, even though that majority must live with their results. Of course, the top priority now is to put public health and safety first. To that end, employees across the country are now thinking about refusing to obey orders to work in unsafe job conditions. U.S. capitalism has thus placed a general strike on today's social agenda. A close second priority is to learn from capitalism's failure in the face of the pandemic. We must not suffer such a dangerous and unnecessary social breakdown again. Thus system change is now also moving onto today's social agenda.“

—  Richard D. Wolff American economist 1942

COVID-19 and the Failures of Capitalism (2020)

„The failure of the social sciences to think through and to integrate their several responsibilities for the common problem of relating the analysis of parts to the analysis of the whole constitutes one of the major lags crippling their utility as human tools of knowledge.“

—  Robert Staughton Lynd American sociologist 1892 - 1970

R.S. Lynd (1939) Knowledge of What? p. 15, cited in Karl William Kapp (1976), The nature and significance of institutional economics http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-6435.1976.tb01971.x/abstract. in: Kyklos, Vol 29/2, Jan 1976, p. 209

Ai Weiwei Foto

„Creativity is part of human nature. It can only be untaught.“

—  Ai Weiwei Chinese concept artist 1957

2010-, Life’s Work: Ai Weiwei, 2012

James Madison Foto
Talal Abu-Ghazaleh Foto
Alexis Karpouzos Foto
Elton Mayo Foto

„What social and industrial research has not sufficiently realised as yet is that… minor irrationalities of the “average normal” person are cumulative in their effect. They may not cause “breakdown” in the individual but they do cause “breakdown” in the industry.“

—  Elton Mayo Australian academic 1880 - 1949

Elton Mayo, “Irrationalty and Revery”, Journal of Personnel Research, March 1933, p.482; Cited in: Ionescu, G.G., & A.L. Negrusa. "Elton Mayo, an Enthusiastical Managerial Philosopher." Revista de Management Comparat International 14.5 (2013): 671.

John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton Foto

„It is bad to be oppressed by a minority, but it is worse to be oppressed by a majority. For there is a reserve of latent power in the masses which, if it is called into play, the minority can seldom resist.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton British politician and historian 1834 - 1902

The History of Freedom in Antiquity (1877)
Contexto: It is bad to be oppressed by a minority, but it is worse to be oppressed by a majority. For there is a reserve of latent power in the masses which, if it is called into play, the minority can seldom resist. But from the absolute will of an entire people there is no appeal, no redemption, no refuge but treason.

„It has been said: The whole is more than the sum of its parts. It is more correct to say that the whole is something else than the sum of its parts,“

—  Kurt Koffka German psychologist 1886 - 1941

Fuente: Principles of Gestalt Psychology, 1935, p. 176
Contexto: Even these humble objects reveal that our reality is not a mere collocation of elemental facts, but consists of units in which no part exists by itself, where each part points beyond itself and implies a larger whole. Facts and significance cease to be two concepts belonging to different realms, since a fact is always a fact in an intrinsically coherent whole. We could solve no problem of organization by solving it for each point separately, one after the other; the solution had to come for the whole. Thus we see how the problem of significance is closely bound up with the problem of the relation between the whole and its parts. It has been said: The whole is more than the sum of its parts. It is more correct to say that the whole is something else than the sum of its parts, because summing is a meaningless procedure, whereas the whole-part relationship is meaningful.

C. Rajagopalachari Foto

„If civilization is to be bound up with material advancement, we must accept its inevitable consequence, loss of freedom in enact proportion to the forward march.“

—  C. Rajagopalachari Political leader 1878 - 1972

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1960) The voice of the uninvolved: speeches and statements on atomic warfare and test explosions. p. 167

Douglas MacArthur Foto

„The history of failure in war can almost be summed up in two words: 'Too late.'“

—  Douglas MacArthur U.S. Army general of the army, field marshal of the Army of the Philippines 1880 - 1964

Too late in comprehending the deadly purpose of a potential enemy; too late in realizing the mortal danger; too late in preparedness; too late in uniting all possible forces for resistance, too late in standing with one's friends. Victory in war results from no mysterious alchemy or wizardry but depends entirely upon the concentration of superior force at the critical points of combat.

Statement MacArthur made in 1940, as quoted by James B. Reston in Prelude to Victory (1942), p. 64
1940s

Aristotle Foto

„The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.“

—  Aristotle Classical Greek philosopher, student of Plato and founder of Western philosophy -384 - -321 a.C.

Peter F. Drucker Foto
George Monbiot Foto

„Climate breakdown could be rapid and unpredictable. We can no longer tinker around the edges and hope minor changes will avert collapse.“

—  George Monbiot English writer and political activist 1963

The Earth is in a death spiral. It will take radical action to save us, 2018

Esperanza Spalding Foto

„Alchemy and magic are about how mundane, benign, and abundant materials can have an effect that is greater than the sum of their parts. To me, creativity is alchemy.“

—  Esperanza Spalding American jazz bassist and singer 1984

On giving her music a magical quality in “Esperanza Spalding Wants to Connect You to Your Body” https://www.vanityfair.com/style/2018/09/esperanza-spalding-12-little-spells-interview in Vanity Fair (2018 Sep 25)

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