Frases de Carlos Linneo

Carlos Linneo Foto
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Carlos Linneo

Fecha de nacimiento: 23. Mayo 1707
Fecha de muerte: 10. Enero 1778

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Carlos Linneo[a]​ [c]​ fue un científico, naturalista, botánico y zoólogo sueco.

Considerado el creador de la clasificación de los seres vivos o taxonomía, Linneo desarrolló un sistema de nomenclatura binomial que se convertiría en clásico, basado en la utilización de un primer término, escrito en letras mayúsculas, indicativa del género y una segunda parte, correspondiente al nombre específico de la especie descrita, escrita en letra minúscula. Por otro lado, agrupó los géneros en familias, las familias en clases, las clases en tipos y los tipos en reinos. Se le considera como uno de los padres de la ecología.

Linneo nació en la región rural de Råshult, al sur de Suecia. Su padre, Nils, fue el primero de su estirpe en adoptar un apellido permanente, previamente, los antepasados utilizaban el sistema de nombres basados en el patronímico, como era tradicional en los países escandinavos. Inspirándose en un tilo, que había en las tierras de la familia, Nils escogió el nombre Linnaeus, como forma latinizada de lind, «tilo» en idioma sueco. Linneo realizó una gran parte de sus estudios superiores en la Universidad de Upsala y, hacia 1730, empezó a dar conferencias de botánica. Vivió en el extranjero entre 1735-1738, donde estudió y publicó una primera edición de su Systema naturæ en los Países Bajos. De regreso a Suecia se convirtió en profesor de botánica en Upsala. Durante las décadas de 1740, 1750 y 1760 realizó varias expediciones a través de Suecia para recolectar y clasificar plantas, animales y minerales, y publicó varios volúmenes sobre el tema. En el momento de su muerte, era reconocido como uno de los científicos más importantes en toda Europa.

El filósofo Jean-Jacques Rousseau le envió el mensaje: «Dígale que no conozco a un hombre más grande en la tierra».[5]​ El escritor alemán Goethe escribió: «Con la excepción de Shakespeare y Spinoza, no conozco a nadie, entre los que ya no viven, que me haya influido más intensamente».[5]​ El autor sueco Strindberg escribió: «Linneo era en realidad un poeta que se convirtió en naturalista».[6]​ Entre otros cumplidos, Linneo fue llamado «Princeps Botanicorum» , «El Plinio del Norte» y «El Segundo Adán».[7]​ Asimismo, es considerado héroe nacional de Suecia.[8]​

Sus restos, enterrados en Uppsala, son considerados el tipo nomenclatural para la especie Homo sapiens.[9]​

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Frases Carlos Linneo

„I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Context: No one has any right to be angry with me, if I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds. Man is neither a stone nor a plant, but an animal, for such is his way of living and moving; nor is he a worm, for then he would have only one foot; nor an insect, for then he would have antennae; nor a fish, for he has no fins; nor a bird, for he has no wings. Therefore, he is a quadraped, had a mouth like that of other quadrapeds, and finally four feet, on two of which he goes, and uses the other two for prehensive purposes. Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)

„I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others.“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Context: I thank Providence who has guided my destinies, that I now live; nay, that I live happier than a king of Persia. You know, fathers and fellow-citizens, that I am wholly occupied with this academical garden; that it is my Rhodus, or rather my Elysium. There I possess all the spoils of the east and the west which I wished for; and which, in my belief, are far more precious than the silken garments of the Babylonians, and the porcelain vases of the Chinese. There I receive and convey instruction. There I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others. As quoted in A life of Linnaeus https://archive.org/stream/lifeoflinnaeus00brigiala#page/122/mode/2up/search/blessed (1858), by J. Van Voorst & Cecilia Lucy Brightwell, London. p. 123.: I render thanks to the Almighty, who has ordered my lot so that I live at this day; and live, too, happier than the King of Persia. I think myself thus blessed because in this academic garden I am principal. This is my Rhodus, or, rather, my Elysium; here I enjoy the spoils of the East and the West, and, if I mistake not, that which far excels in beauty the garments of the Babylonians and the porcelain of China. Here I behold myself the might and wisdom of the Great Creator, in the works by which He reveals Himself, and show them unto others."

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„If the names are unknown knowledge of the things also perishes“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Context: If the names are unknown knowledge of the things also perishes. Philosophia Botanica (1751), aphorism 210. Trans. Frans A. Stafleu, Linnaeus and the Linnaeans: The Spreading of their Ideas in Systematic Botany, 1735-1789 (1971), 80.

„I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Context: As a natural historian according to the principles of science, up to the present time I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape; for there are somewhere apes which are less hairy than man, erect in position, going just like him on two feet, and recalling the human species by the use they make of their hands and feet, to such an extent, that the less educated travellers have given them out as a kind of man. Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)

„Theologically, man is to be understood as the final purpose of the creation; placed on the globe as the masterpiece of the works of Omnipotence, contemplating the world by virtue of sapient reason, forming conclusions by means of his senses, it is in His works that man recognizes the almighty Creator, the all-knowing, immeasurable and eternal God, learning to live morally under His rule, convinced of the complete justice of His Nemesis.“

—  Carl Linnaeus
As translated in ‎Michael John Petry (2001), in Nemesis Divina: (Edited and Translated with Explanatory Notes by M.J. Petry); Springer. p. 21 The excerpt was republished in Latin by Linnaues himself, in Systema Naturae ed. (1788) http://books.google.com.mx/books?id=Z3PVJQMIhboC&pg=PA5&dq=%22Crentorem+oinniputentem+,+omnifcium+%22&hl=es-419&sa=X&ei=QyjYUuWnE8TrkQenv4DoBw&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Crentorem%20oinniputentem%20%2C%20omnifcium%20%22&f=false: ""Theologice: Te ultimum finem creationis; In Telluris globum, Omnipotentis magisterium, introductum; ratione sapiente, secundum senfus concludente, mundi contemplatorem: ut ex opere agnosceres Creatorem omnipotentem, omniscium, immensum & sempiternum DEum, cujus sub imperio quod moraliter vivas, a justissima ejus Nemesi convicaris."

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„Great is our God, and great is His power, and his strength is immeasurable“

—  Carl Linnaeus
In the dedication from his 12th edition. Original in Latin: "Magnus est DEUS noster, & magna est potentia Ejus, & potentia Ejus non est numerus."

„From my youth you have taught me, O God, and now I would like to proclaim Your Wonders“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Praise at the end of the index. In Systema Naturae (1758), from Psalm 71. Original in Latin: "Docuisti me Deus a juventute mea, & usque nunc pronunciabo Mirabilia Tua"

„Your works are wonderful, O Lord! In the multitude of Thy virtues you measure those who despise you.“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Praise at the end of the introduction. In Systema Naturae (1758). Original in Latin: "Terribilia sunt opera Tua, o Domine! In multitude virtutis Tuae, Te metientur contemptores Tui."

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„The observer of nature see, with admiration, that "the whole world is full of the glory of God."“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Lachesis Lapponica: Or, A Tour in Laplan http://books.google.es/books?id=vQ5XAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=es#v=onepage&q&f=false (1811), translated by James Edward Smith, Lulea, p. 238.

„Every genus is natural, created as such in the beginning, hence not to be rashly split up or stuck together by whim or according to anyone's theory.“

—  Carl Linnaeus
Systema naturae (1735) (quoted in Ramsbottom 1938:197) Original in Latin: Genus omne est naturale, in primordio tale creatum, hinc pro libitu & secundem cujuscimque theoriam non proterve discindendum aut conglutinandum.

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