Frases de Carlos Linneo

Carlos Linneo Foto
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Carlos Linneo

Fecha de nacimiento: 23. Mayo 1707
Fecha de muerte: 10. Enero 1778

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Carlos Linneo[a]​ [c]​ fue un científico, naturalista, botánico y zoólogo sueco.

Considerado el creador de la clasificación de los seres vivos o taxonomía, Linneo desarrolló un sistema de nomenclatura binomial que se convertiría en clásico, basado en la utilización de un primer término, escrito en letras mayúsculas, indicativa del género y una segunda parte, correspondiente al nombre específico de la especie descrita, escrita en letra minúscula. Por otro lado, agrupó los géneros en familias, las familias en clases, las clases en tipos y los tipos en reinos. Se le considera como uno de los padres de la ecología.

Linneo nació en la región rural de Råshult, al sur de Suecia. Su padre, Nils, fue el primero de su estirpe en adoptar un apellido permanente, previamente, los antepasados utilizaban el sistema de nombres basados en el patronímico, como era tradicional en los países escandinavos. Inspirándose en un tilo, que había en las tierras de la familia, Nils escogió el nombre Linnaeus, como forma latinizada de lind, «tilo» en idioma sueco. Linneo realizó una gran parte de sus estudios superiores en la Universidad de Upsala y, hacia 1730, empezó a dar conferencias de botánica. Vivió en el extranjero entre 1735-1738, donde estudió y publicó una primera edición de su Systema naturæ en los Países Bajos. De regreso a Suecia se convirtió en profesor de botánica en Upsala. Durante las décadas de 1740, 1750 y 1760 realizó varias expediciones a través de Suecia para recolectar y clasificar plantas, animales y minerales, y publicó varios volúmenes sobre el tema. En el momento de su muerte, era reconocido como uno de los científicos más importantes en toda Europa.

El filósofo Jean-Jacques Rousseau le envió el mensaje: «Dígale que no conozco a un hombre más grande en la tierra».[5]​ El escritor alemán Goethe escribió: «Con la excepción de Shakespeare y Spinoza, no conozco a nadie, entre los que ya no viven, que me haya influido más intensamente».[5]​ El autor sueco Strindberg escribió: «Linneo era en realidad un poeta que se convirtió en naturalista».[6]​ Entre otros cumplidos, Linneo fue llamado «Princeps Botanicorum» , «El Plinio del Norte» y «El Segundo Adán».[7]​ Asimismo, es considerado héroe nacional de Suecia.[8]​

Sus restos, enterrados en Uppsala, son considerados el tipo nomenclatural para la especie Homo sapiens.[9]​

Frases Carlos Linneo

„I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: No one has any right to be angry with me, if I think fit to enumerate man among the quadrapeds. Man is neither a stone nor a plant, but an animal, for such is his way of living and moving; nor is he a worm, for then he would have only one foot; nor an insect, for then he would have antennae; nor a fish, for he has no fins; nor a bird, for he has no wings. Therefore, he is a quadraped, had a mouth like that of other quadrapeds, and finally four feet, on two of which he goes, and uses the other two for prehensive purposes. Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)

„I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others.“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: I thank Providence who has guided my destinies, that I now live; nay, that I live happier than a king of Persia. You know, fathers and fellow-citizens, that I am wholly occupied with this academical garden; that it is my Rhodus, or rather my Elysium. There I possess all the spoils of the east and the west which I wished for; and which, in my belief, are far more precious than the silken garments of the Babylonians, and the porcelain vases of the Chinese. There I receive and convey instruction. There I admire the wisdom of the Creator, which manifests itself in so many various modes, and demonstrate it to others. As quoted in [https://archive.org/stream/lifeoflinnaeus00brigiala#page/122/mode/2up/search/blessed A life of Linnaeus] (1858), by J. Van Voorst & Cecilia Lucy Brightwell, London. p. 123.: I render thanks to the Almighty, who has ordered my lot so that I live at this day; and live, too, happier than the King of Persia. I think myself thus blessed because in this academic garden I am principal. This is my Rhodus, or, rather, my Elysium; here I enjoy the spoils of the East and the West, and, if I mistake not, that which far excels in beauty the garments of the Babylonians and the porcelain of China. Here I behold myself the might and wisdom of the Great Creator, in the works by which He reveals Himself, and show them unto others."

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„If the names are unknown knowledge of the things also perishes“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: If the names are unknown knowledge of the things also perishes. Philosophia Botanica (1751), aphorism 210. Trans. Frans A. Stafleu, Linnaeus and the Linnaeans: The Spreading of their Ideas in Systematic Botany, 1735-1789 (1971), 80.

„I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape“

— Carl Linnaeus
Context: As a natural historian according to the principles of science, up to the present time I have been not been able to discover any character by which man can be distinguished from the ape; for there are somewhere apes which are less hairy than man, erect in position, going just like him on two feet, and recalling the human species by the use they make of their hands and feet, to such an extent, that the less educated travellers have given them out as a kind of man. Fauna Suecica (1746) as quoted by Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species (1999)

„God infinite, omniscient and omnipotent, woke me up and I was amazed! I have read some clues through His created things, in all of which, is His will; even in the smallest things, and the most minute! How much wisdom! What an inscrutable perfection!“

— Carl Linnaeus
Imperium Naturæ, 12th edition. Deum sempiternum, immensum, omniscium, omnipotentem expergefactus a tergo transeuntem vidi et obstupui! legi aliquot Ejus vestigia per creata rerum, in quibus omnibus, etiam in minimis, ut fere nullis, quæ Vis! quanta Sapientia! quam inextricabilis Perfectio!

„We say there are as many genera as there are similarly constituted fructifications of different natural species.“

— Carl Linnaeus
Fundamenta Botanica (1736). Original in Latin: Genera tot dicimus, quot similes constructae fructifications proserunt diversae Species naturales

„The Earth's Creation is the glory of God, as seen from the works of Nature by Man alone.“

— Carl Linnaeus
In the Introitus (Preface) from his late editions. Original in Latin: "Finis Creationis telluris est gloria Dei ex opere Naturae per Hominem solum" Variant translation: "The purpose of Creation is the glory of God, as can be seen from the works in nature by man alone."

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„From my youth you have taught me, O God, and now I would like to proclaim Your Wonders“

— Carl Linnaeus
Praise at the end of the index. In Systema Naturae (1758), from Psalm 71. Original in Latin: "Docuisti me Deus a juventute mea, & usque nunc pronunciabo Mirabilia Tua"

„Your works are wonderful, O Lord! In the multitude of Thy virtues you measure those who despise you.“

— Carl Linnaeus
Praise at the end of the introduction. In Systema Naturae (1758). Original in Latin: "Terribilia sunt opera Tua, o Domine! In multitude virtutis Tuae, Te metientur contemptores Tui."

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„The Lord himself hath led him with his own Almighty hand.
He hath caused him to spring from a trunk without root, and planted him again in a distant and more delightful spot, and caused him to rise up to a considerable tree.
Inspired him with an inclination for science so passionate as to become the most gratifying of all others.
Given him all the means he could either wish for, or enjoy, of attaining the objects he had in view.
Favoured him in such a manner that even the not obtaining of what he wished for, ultimately turned out to his great advantage.
Caused him to be received into favour by the "Mœcenates Scientiarum"; by the greatest men in the kingdom; and by the Royal Family.
Given him an advantageous and honourable post, the very one that, above all others in the world, he had wished for.
Given him the wife for whom he most wished, and who managed his household affairs whilst he was engaged in laborious studies.
Given him children who have turned out good and virtuous.
Given him a son for his successor in office.
Given him the largest collection of plants that ever existed in the world, and his greatest delight.
Given him lands and other property, so that though there has been nothing superfluous, nothing has he wanted.
Honoured him with the titles of Archiater, Knight, Nobleman, and with Distinction in the learned world.
Protected him from fire.
Preserved his life above 60 years.
Permitted him to visit his secret council-chambers.
Permitted him to see more of the creation than any mortal before him. Given him greater knowledge of natural history than any one had hitherto acquired.
The Lord hath been with him whithersoever he hath walked, and hath cut off all his enemies from before him, and hath made him a name, like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 1 Chron. xvn. 8.“

— Carl Linnaeus
As quoted in [http://books.google.com.mx/books?id=hx0ZAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=es#v=onepage&q=%22The%20Lord%20himself%20hath%20led%20him%20with%20his%20own%20Almighty%20hand%22&f=false The Annual Review and History of Literature] (1806), by Arthur Aikin, T. N. Longman and O. Rees, p. 472. Also found in [https://archive.org/stream/lifeoflinnaeus00brigiala#page/176/mode/2up/search/endeavoured Life of Linnaeus] (1858), by J. Van Voorst & Cecilia Lucy Brightwell, London. pp. 176-177.

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