Frases de Horatio Nelson

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Horatio Nelson

Fecha de nacimiento: 29. Septiembre 1758
Fecha de muerte: 21. Octubre 1805
Otros nombres:Lord Horatio Nelson

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Horacio Nelson, primer Vizconde de Nelson, primer Duque de Bronté fue un almirante de la Marina Real británica. Fue conocido por sus victorias durante las Guerras Napoleónicas. Fue herido varias veces en combate, perdiendo un brazo durante el intento de invasión británico del archipiélago español de Canarias, y la vista de un ojo durante otra de sus acciones de piratería en Córcega. Murió tras haber sido alcanzado por un soldado francés, que colaboraba con España, en la batalla de Trafalgar el 21 de octubre de 1805.

Nelson nació en una familia medianamente prospera originaria de Norfolk, y se unió a la marina por influencia de su tío, Maurice Suckling. Ascendió rápidamente por el escalafón y trabajo con los mejores comandantes navales de la época hasta recibir su propio comando en 1778. Desarrollo una reputación a través del valor personal y por sus hábiles estrategias pero sufrió periodos de enfermedad y desempleo después de la Guerra de Independencia estadounidense. El inicio de las Guerras Revolucionarias Francesas le permitió volver al servicio, manteniéndose activo particularmente en el Mediterráneo. Enfrento varias escaramuzas menores en Toulon y jugo un papel importante en la captura de Córcega y en subsecuentes labores diplomáticas en los estados italianos. In 1797, se distinguió por su victoria en la batalla del Cabo San Vicente al mando del buque HMS Captain.

Poco después de la antedicha batalla, Nelson participo en el asedio de Santa Cruz de Tenerife, donde fue malherido perdiendo un brazo, y forzado a marcharse a Inglaterra para recuperarse. El año siguiente, obtuvo una victoria decisiva sobre Francia Batalla del Nilo y se mantuvo en el mediterráneo para apoyando al Reino de Nápoles contra la invasión francesa. En 1801, fue despachado al Báltico y obtuvo otra victoria, esta vez sobre los daneses en la Batalla de Copenhague. Subsecuentemente, comandó un bloqueo naval contra flotas francesas y españolas en Toulon, y después de su escape, los persiguió hasta las Antillas y vuelta a Europa pero no logró darles batalla. Después de un breve regreso a Inglaterra, comandó el bloqueo de Cádiz en 1805. El 21 Octubre de 1805, la flota franco-española zarpó y Nelson la enfrentó en la Batalla de Trafalgar. Esta fue la batalla más grande de Gran Bretaña, pero desgraciadamente Nelson perdió la vida en medio de esta cuando un francotirador francés le disparo a bordo del buque HMS Victory. Su cuerpo fue llevado a Inglaterra y recibió un funeral de estado.

La Victoria y muerte de Nelson en Trafalgar lo convirtió en una de las figuras más heroicas de Gran Bretaña. Numerosos monumentos han sido creados en su honor y su legado se mantiene hasta nuestros días.

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Frases Horatio Nelson

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„Thank God, I have done my duty.“

— Horatio Nelson
Statement among his final dying words.

„My character and good name are in my own keeping. Life with disgrace is dreadful. A glorious death is to be envied,“

— Horatio Nelson
Context: The lives of all are in the hands of Him who knows best whether to preserve it or no, and to His will do I resign myself. My character and good name are in my own keeping. Life with disgrace is dreadful. A glorious death is to be envied, and, if anything happens to me recollect death is a debt we must all pay, and whether now or in a few years hence can be but of little consequence. Letter from Agamemnon at sea (10 March 1795), in Nelson's letters to his wife and other documents, 1785-1831 edited by Navy Records Society, p. 199

„I have not shed a tear for years before the 21st of October and since, whenever alone, I am quite like a child.“

— Horatio Nelson
Context: Let the country mourn their hero; I grieve for the loss of the most fascinating companion I ever conversed with — the greatest and most simple of men — one of the nicest and most innocent — interesting beyond all, on shore, in public and even in private life. Men are not always themselves and put on their behaviour with their clothes, but if you live with a man on board a ship for years; if you are continually with him in his cabin, your mind will soon find out how to appreciate him. I could for ever tell you the qualities of this beloved man. I have not shed a tear for years before the 21st of October and since, whenever alone, I am quite like a child. Alexander Scott, the chaplain who attended to Nelson at his death, as quoted in Trafalgar: An Eyewitness History (2005) edited by Tom Pocock, p. 154; also in Seize, Burn, Or Sink: The Thoughts and Words of Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson (2007) edited by Steven E. Maffeo, p. 588

„Wherever there is anything to be done, there Providence is sure to direct my steps.“

— Horatio Nelson
Context: !-- Had all my actions, my dearest Fanny, been gazetted, not one fortnight would have passed during the whole war without a letter from me: one day or other I will have a long Gazette to myself; I feel that such an opportunity will be given me. --> I cannot, if I am in the field for glory, be kept out of sight. Probably my services may be forgotten by the great, by the time I get Home; but my mind will not forget, nor cease to feel, a degree of consolation and of applause superior to undeserved rewards. Wherever there is anything to be done, there Providence is sure to direct my steps. Credit must be given me in spite of envy. <!-- Even the French respect me: their Minister at Genoa, in answering a Note of mine, when returning some wearing apparel that had been taken, said, ‘Your Nation, Sir, and mine, are made to show examples of generosity, as well as of valour, to all the people of the earth. Letter to his wife, Frances Nelson (2 August 1796), as published in The Dispatches and Letters of Vice Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson with Notes (1845) edited Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Vol. II : 1795-1797, p. 203

„To leave off action"? Well, damn me if I do! You know, Foley, I have only one eye,— I have a right to be blind sometimes . . . I really do not see the signal!“

— Horatio Nelson
Context: To leave off action"? Well, damn me if I do! You know, Foley, I have only one eye,— I have a right to be blind sometimes... I really do not see the signal! At the battle of Copenhagen, Ignoring Admiral Parker's signal to retreat, holding his telescope up to his blind eye, and proceeding to victory against the Danish fleet. (2 April 1801); as quoted in Life of Nelson, Ch. 7

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„I cannot, if I am in the field for glory, be kept out of sight.“

— Horatio Nelson
Context: !-- Had all my actions, my dearest Fanny, been gazetted, not one fortnight would have passed during the whole war without a letter from me: one day or other I will have a long Gazette to myself; I feel that such an opportunity will be given me. --> I cannot, if I am in the field for glory, be kept out of sight. Probably my services may be forgotten by the great, by the time I get Home; but my mind will not forget, nor cease to feel, a degree of consolation and of applause superior to undeserved rewards. Wherever there is anything to be done, there Providence is sure to direct my steps. Credit must be given me in spite of envy. <!-- Even the French respect me: their Minister at Genoa, in answering a Note of mine, when returning some wearing apparel that had been taken, said, ‘Your Nation, Sir, and mine, are made to show examples of generosity, as well as of valour, to all the people of the earth. Letter to his wife, Frances Nelson (2 August 1796), as published in The Dispatches and Letters of Vice Admiral Lord Viscount Nelson with Notes (1845) edited Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Vol. II : 1795-1797, p. 203

„I am myself a Norfolk man.“

— Horatio Nelson
On being welcomed on arrival in Great Yarmouth, in his home county

„England expects every Man will do his Duty.“

— Horatio Nelson
Famous signal to the British fleet before the battle of Trafalgar, as quoted in Life of Nelson, Ch. 9; Initially dictated as: "England confides that every man shall do his duty." The signaller pointed out that "expects" was in the signals alphabet, but "confides" was not and so had to be spelt out, taking longer, and Nelson agreed to the change. Variant: England expects every officer and man to do his duty this day. As reported in The London Times (26 December 1805)

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