Frases de James Lovelock

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James Lovelock

Fecha de nacimiento: 26. Julio 1919

James Ephraim Lovelock, CH, CBE es un científico independiente, meteorólogo, escritor, inventor, químico atmosférico, ambientalista, famoso por la Hipótesis Gaia, que visualiza a la Tierra como un sistema autorregulado.

Su invento, el detector de captura de electrones, permitió detectar componentes tóxicos en regiones tan remotas como la Antártida.

Contrario al armamentismo nuclear, promueve un uso pacífico de la energía nuclear como único recurso para disminuir el abuso de los combustibles fósiles y evitar que el sistema atmosférico llegue a un punto sin retorno que lo desestabilice.

Frases James Lovelock

„Incluso si estos productos naturales [los biocombustibles] se usaran sólo para el transporte, para hacer funcionar nuestros coches, camiones, trenes, barcos y aviones, sería necesario quemar cada año entre dos y tres gigatoneladas de carbono como biofuel (una gigatonelada son mil millones de toneladas). Compare esa cantidad con nuestro consumo anual de comida, que es de media gigatonelada. Para cultivar esa comida ya usamos más superficie terrestre de la que sería recomendable, pero necesitaríamos la superficie de varios planetas como la Tierra sólo para cultivar biocombustibles. Puede que en un momento dado seamos lo bastante idiotas como prescindir de la comida con tal de poder ir en coche a donde queramos, pero Gaia no es tan tolerante como nosotros. La superficie de la Tierra ha evolucionado como hogar de ecosistemas que contribuyen al metabolismo propio de la Tierra y no pueden ser reemplazados por cultivos. Ya nos hemos apropiado de más de la mitad de las tierras productivas para cultivar comida y materias primas. ¿Como va Gaia a regular la Tierra si, para cubrir nuestras necesidades de combustible, le arrebatamos el poco suelo que le queda?.“

„La vida hace mucho más que adaptarse a la tierra. Transforma la tierra para sus propios fines.“

„Hasta hace muy poco, aceptábamos que la evolución de los organismos se producía según las pautas expuestas por Darwin, y que la evolución del mundo material compuesto por rocas, aire y océanos evolucionaba según decían los libros de geología. Pero la teoría de Gaia ve estas dos evoluciones anteriormente separadas como parte de una única historia de la Tierra, en la que la vida y su medio fisico evolucionan como una sola entidad.“

„We are the intelligent elite among animal life on earth and whatever our mistakes, [Earth] needs us. This may seem an odd statement after all that I have said about the way 20th century humans became almost a planetary disease organism. But it has taken [Earth] 2.5 billion years to evolve an animal that can think and communicate its thoughts. If we become extinct she has little chance of evolving another.“ The Vanishing Face of Gaia: A Final Warning

„Others consider us superior because of our cultured ways and intellectual tendencies; our technology lets us drive cars, use word processors and travel great distances by air. Some of us live in air-conditioned houses and we are entertained by the media. We think that we are more intelligent than stone-agers, yet how many modern humans could live successfully in caves, or would know how to light wood fires for cooking, or make clothes and shoes from animal skins or bows and arrows good enough to keep their families fed?“ The Revenge of Gaia

„I think that we reject the evidence that our world is changing because we are still, as that wonderfully wise biologist E. O. Wilson reminded us, tribal carnivores. We are programmed by our inheritance to see other living things as mainly something to eat, and we care more about our national tribe than anything else. We will even give our lives for it and are quite ready to kill other humans in the cruellest of ways for the good of our tribe. We still find alien the concept that we and the rest of life, from bacteria to whales, are parts of the much larger and diverse entity, the living Earth.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„The idea that humans are yet intelligent enough to serve as stewards of the Earth is among the most hubristic ever.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„only rarely do we see beyond the needs of humanity, and he linked this blindness to our Christian and humanist infrastructure. It arose 2,000 years ago and was then benign, and we were no significant threat to Gaia. Now that we are over six billion hungry and greedy individuals, all aspiring to a first-world lifestyle, our urban way of life encroaches upon the domain of the living Earth.“ The Revenge of Gaia: Earth's Climate Crisis & the Fate of Humanity

„City wisdom became almost entirely centered on the problems of human relationships, in contrast to the wisdom of any natural tribal group, where relationships with the rest of the animate and inanimate world are still given due place.“ Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth

„Science is a cosy, friendly club of specialists who follow their numerous different stars; it is proud and wonderfully productive but never certain and always hampered by the persistence of incomplete world views.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„When we burn fossil fuel for energy we are, in qualitative terms, doing nothing more wrong than burning wood. Our wrongdoing, if that is an appropriate term, is taking energy from Gaia hundreds of times faster than it is naturally made available. We are sinning in a quantitative not a qualitative way.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„I know that to personalize the Earth System as Gaia, as I have often done and continue to do in this book, irritates the scientifically correct, but I am unrepentant because metaphors are more than ever needed for a widespread comprehension of the true nature of the Earth and an understanding of the lethal dangers that lie ahead.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„Contact means the exchange of specific knowledge, ideas, or at least of findings, definite facts. But what if no exchange is possible? If an elephant is not a giant microbe, the ocean is not a giant brain.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„One of the striking things about places heavily contaminated by radioactive nuclides is the richness of their wildlife. This is true of the land around Chernobyl, the bomb test sites of the Pacific, and areas near the United States’ Savannah River nuclear weapons plant of the Second World War. Wild plants and animals do not perceive radiation as dangerous, and any slight reduction it may cause in their lifespans is far less a hazard than is the presence of people and their pets.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„Gaia is a thin spherical shell of matter that surrounds the incandescent interior; it begins where the crustal rocks meet the magma of the Earth’s hot interior, about 100 miles below the surface, and proceeds another 100 miles outwards through the ocean and air to the even hotter thermosphere at the edge of space. It includes the biosphere and is a dynamic physiological system that has kept our planet fit for life for over three billion years. I call Gaia a physiological system because it appears to have the unconscious goal of regulating the climate and the chemistry at a comfortable state for life. Its goals are not set points but adjustable for whatever is the current environment and adaptable to whatever forms of life it carries.“ The Revenge of Gaia

„The Earth has recovered after fevers like this, and there are no grounds for thinking that what we are doing will destroy Gaia, but if we continue business as usual, our species may never again enjoy the lush and verdant world we had only a hundred years ago. What is most in danger is civilization; humans are tough enough for breeding pairs to survive, and Gaia is toughest of all. What we are doing weakens her but is unlikely to destroy her. She has survived numerous catastrophes in her three billion years or more of life.“ The Revenge of Gaia

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