Frases de César Chávez

César Chávez Foto
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César Chávez

Fecha de nacimiento: 31. Marzo 1927
Fecha de muerte: 23. Abril 1993

César Estrada Chávez fue un líder campesino estadounidense de ascendencia mexicana, activista en favor de los derechos civiles para los campesinos estadounidenses, quien con Dolores Huerta formó la Asociación Nacional de Trabajadores del Campo y que después cambió a Unión de Trabajadores Campesinos .[1]​

Su liderazgo consistió en restringir la inmigración de trabajadores ilegales en el campo y la protección del mejor pago y los derechos de los campesinos estadounidenses sindicalizados. Con este fin, levantó protestas contra el empleo de migrantes mexicanos en el campo y la deportación al Servicio de Inmigración y Naturalización de campesinos que rehusaban unirse al sindicato de campesinos, UFW. Logró exitosas batallas, entre ellas la terminación del "Programa Bracero" favoreciendo ventajosamente a los trabajadores campesinos estadounidenses. En un esfuerzo para impedir el cruce de inmigrantes indocumentados por la frontera con México, en 1973, organizó a miembros del sindicato de campesinos UFW para trazar lo que se llamó la "Wet Line" , donde miembros del sindicato bloqueaban el paso de la frontera Arizona-Sonora en zonas deshabitadas del desierto; por este motivo actualmente se le compara como el "Minuteman" de nuestros tiempos; estas acciones no obstante favorecer a los trabajadores estadounidenses, llevaron a la discriminación, persecución y victimización de los trabajadores indocumentados. Por su labor en favor de los campesinos estadounidenses, a César Chávez se le considera uno de los más importantes luchadores sociales por los derechos de los campesinos en los Estados Unidos de América.

En 1965, Chávez y la NFWA dirigieron una huelga de los recolectores de uva en demanda de mejores salarios, apoyada por un boicot de uvas. Cinco años después, sus esfuerzos resultaron en la primera victoria importante para los trabajadores en EE. UU. Influenciado por la filosofía de Gandhi, continuó la lucha contra las compañías más grandes, y llegó a participar en tres huelgas pacíficas de hambre, logrando mejores salarios y condiciones laborales para los campesinos norteamericanos. Previo a su muerte, preparaba un boicot contra el uso de pesticidas dañinos.

Dio su apoyo a la causa del partido Trabajadores del Campo que después se convertiría en la coalición Trabajadores del Campo Unidos . También apoyó la organización League of United Latin American Citizens por muchos años.

Se volvió un héroe del movimiento laboral estadounidense por apoyar los derechos de los trabajadores norteamericanos en detrimento de los trabajadores indocumentados. Chávez también era vegetariano y apoyaba los derechos de los animales.

Chávez es recordado en California, donde el congreso local aprobó en 2000 una propuesta para crear un día festivo pagado en su honor. La festividad es celebrada el 31 de marzo, el día del cumpleaños de Chávez. Texas también reconoce el día, y en Arizona y Colorado es día festivo opcional. Este día festivo es el primero en la historia de los Estados Unidos otorgado a un mexicano-estadounidense y a un líder de los trabajadores. En su honor fundaron una escuela en la ciudad de Phoenix . La escuela se llama Cesar Chavez High School.

Muchas ciudades también le han rendido honores renombrando calles y escuelas por Chávez. Entre estas ciudades se incluyen: San Francisco, Los Ángeles, Santa Bárbara, Calexico, Oxnard, Houston, Santa Fe, Austin, Milwaukee, Washington D. C., Kansas City , Saint Paul, Salt Lake City y Phoenix. Las ciudades californianas de Sacramento, San Diego, Berkeley, Calexico, San José, San Antonio, El Paso también han renombrado parques en su memoria. El servicio postal estadounidense le dedicó una estampilla en 2004. Murió a los 66 años de edad.

Frases César Chávez

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„All my life, I have been driven by one dream, one goal, one vision: to overthrow a farm labor system in this nation that treats farm workers as if they were not important human beings. Farm workers are not agricultural implements; they are not beasts of burden to be used and discarded.“

—  Cesar Chavez

What the Future Holds (1984)
Contexto: All my life, I have been driven by one dream, one goal, one vision: to overthrow a farm labor system in this nation that treats farm workers as if they were not important human beings. Farm workers are not agricultural implements; they are not beasts of burden to be used and discarded. That dream was born in my youth, it was nurtured in my early days of organizing. It has flourished. It has been attacked.

„This is the beginning of a social movement in fact and not in pronouncements. We seek our basic, God-given rights as human beings. Because we have suffered — and are not afraid to suffer — in order to survive, we are ready to give up everything, even our lives, in our fight for social justice.“

—  Cesar Chavez

The Plan of Delano (1965)
Contexto: This is the beginning of a social movement in fact and not in pronouncements. We seek our basic, God-given rights as human beings. Because we have suffered — and are not afraid to suffer — in order to survive, we are ready to give up everything, even our lives, in our fight for social justice. We shall do it without violence because that is our destiny. To the ranchers, and to all those who opposes, we say, in the words of Benito Juárez: "El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz." [Respect for another's right is the meaning of peace. ]

„We don't ask for words. We ask for deeds. We don't ask for paternalism. We ask for servanthood.“

—  Cesar Chavez

The Mexican-American and the Church (1968)
Contexto: What do we want the Church to do? We don't ask for more cathedrals. We don't ask for bigger churches of fine gifts. We ask for its presence with us, beside us, as Christ among us. We ask the Church to sacrifice with the people for social change, for justice, and for love of brother. We don't ask for words. We ask for deeds. We don't ask for paternalism. We ask for servanthood.

„What do we want the Church to do? We don't ask for more cathedrals. We don't ask for bigger churches of fine gifts. We ask for its presence with us, beside us, as Christ among us.“

—  Cesar Chavez

The Mexican-American and the Church (1968)
Contexto: What do we want the Church to do? We don't ask for more cathedrals. We don't ask for bigger churches of fine gifts. We ask for its presence with us, beside us, as Christ among us. We ask the Church to sacrifice with the people for social change, for justice, and for love of brother. We don't ask for words. We ask for deeds. We don't ask for paternalism. We ask for servanthood.

„We are suffering. We have suffered, and we are not afraid to suffer in order to win our cause.“

—  Cesar Chavez

The Plan of Delano (1965)
Contexto: We are suffering. We have suffered, and we are not afraid to suffer in order to win our cause. We have suffered unnumbered ills and crimes in the name of the Law of the Land. Our men, women, and children have suffered not only the basic brutality of stoop labor, and the most obvious injustices of the system; they have also suffered the desperation of knowing that the system caters to the greed of callous men and not to our needs. Now we will suffer for the purpose of ending the poverty, the misery, and the injustice, with the hope that our children will not be exploited as we have been. They have imposed hunger on us, and now we hunger for justice. We draw our strength from the very despair in which we have been forced to live. We shall endure.

„When we refer to the Church we should define the word a little. We mean the whole Church, the Church as an ecumenical body spread around the world, and not just its particular form in a parish in a local community.“

—  Cesar Chavez

The Mexican-American and the Church (1968)
Contexto: When we refer to the Church we should define the word a little. We mean the whole Church, the Church as an ecumenical body spread around the world, and not just its particular form in a parish in a local community.
The Church we are talking about is a tremendously powerful institution in our society, and in the world. That Church is one form of the Presence of God on Earth, and so naturally it is powerful. It is powerful by definition. It is a powerful moral and spiritual force which cannot be ignored by any movement.

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„It can be done!“

—  Cesar Chavez

¡Sí se puede!
Personal motto later officially used by the United Farm Workers http://www.ufw.org/_page.php?menu=about&inc=about_vision.html

„We seek the support of all political groups and protection of the government, which is also our government, in our struggle. For too many years we have been treated like the lowest of the low. Our wages and working conditions have been determined from above, because irresponsible legislators who could have helped us, have supported the rancher's argument that the plight of the Farm Worker was a "special case."“

—  Cesar Chavez

They saw the obvious effects of an unjust system, starvation wages, contractors, day hauls, forced migration, sickness, illiteracy, camps and sub-human living conditions, and acted as if they were irremediable causes. The farm worker has been abandoned to his own fate — without representation, without power — subject to mercy and caprice of the rancher. We are tired of words, of betrayals, of indifference. To the politicians we say that the years are gone when the farm worker said nothing and did nothing to help himself. From this movement shall spring leaders who shall understand us, lead us, be faithful to us, and we shall elect them to represent us. We shall be heard.
The Plan of Delano (1965)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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