Frases de Emiliano Zapata

Emiliano Zapata Foto
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Emiliano Zapata

Fecha de nacimiento: 8. Agosto 1879
Fecha de muerte: 10. Abril 1919

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Emiliano Zapata Salazar fue uno de los líderes militares y campesinos más importantes de la Revolución mexicana y un símbolo de la resistencia campesina en México. Como parte del movimiento revolucionario, estuvo al mando del Ejército Libertador del Sur. También fue conocido como el «Caudillo del Sur». Ideólogo e impulsor de las luchas sociales y las demandas agraristas, así como de justicia social, libertad, igualdad, democracia social, propiedad comunal de las tierras y el respeto a las comunidades indígenas, campesinas y obreras de México, víctimas de la oligarquía y el latifundismo de los hacendados del Porfiriato.

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Frases Emiliano Zapata

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„Land and Liberty!“

—  Emiliano Zapata
A slogan popularized by Zapata, quoted in Tierra y Libertad (1920) published by Imprenta Germinal; further attributed to Zapata in works in the 1930s and later, including, Without History: Subaltern Studies, the Zapatista Insurgency, and the Specter of History (2010) by José Rabasa, p. 122, where the influence of the anarchist Ricardo Flores Magón on its development is also attested.

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„I want to die a slave to principles. Not to men.“

—  Emiliano Zapata
As quoted in Heroes of Mexico (1969) by Morris Rosenblum, p. 112

„Ignorance and obscurantism have never produced anything other than flocks of slaves for tyranny.“

—  Emiliano Zapata
Remarks in regard to Pancho Villa, as quoted in The Unknown Lore of Amexem's Indigenous People : An Aboriginal Treatise (2008) by Noble Timothy Myers-El, p. 158

„The land belongs to those who work it with their hands.“

—  Emiliano Zapata
Quoted as a slogan of the revolutionaries in Shirt-Sleeve Diplomat (1947) Vol. 5, p. 199, by Josephus Daniels, and specifically attributed to Zapata by Ángel Zúñiga in 1998, as quoted in Mexican Social Movements and the Transition to Democracy (2005), by John Stolle-McAllister

„I'd rather die on my feet, than live on my knees.“

—  Emiliano Zapata
As quoted in Liberation Theologies in North America and Europe‎ (1979) by Gerald H. Anderson and Thomas F. Stransky, p. 281; this is sometimes misattributed to the more modern revolutionary, Che Guevara, and to "La Pasionaria" Dolores Ibárruri, especially in Spain, where she popularized it in her famous speeches during the Spanish Civil War, to José Martí, and to Aeschylus who is credited with a similar declaration in Prometheus Bound: "For it would be better to die once and for all than to suffer pain for all one's life." The phrase "better that we should die on our feet rather than live on our knees" was spoken by François-Noël Gracchus Babeuf in his defence of the Conspiracy of Equals in April 1797. In French it read, 'Ne vaut-il pas mieux emporter la gloire de n'avoir pas survecu a la servitude?' but translated this bears no resemblance whatever to the quote under discussion. see: The Defense of Gracchus Babeuf Before the High Court of Vendome (1967), edited and translated by John Anthony Scott, p. 88 and p. 90, n. 12. Spanish variants: ¡Prefiero morir de pie que vivir siempre arrodillado! I'd prefer to die standing, than to live always on my knees. As quoted in Operación Cobra : historia de una gesta romántica (1988) by Alvaro Pablo Ortiz and Oscar Lara, p. 29 Variant translations: Men of the South! It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees! With an extension, as quoted in Timeless Mexico (1944) by Hudson Strode, p. 259 I would rather die standing than live on my knees! It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees! I prefer to die standing than to live forever kneeling. Prefer death on your feet to living on your knees.

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