Frases de Dwight David Eisenhower

Dwight David Eisenhower Foto
4  0

Dwight David Eisenhower

Fecha de nacimiento: 14. Octubre 1890
Fecha de muerte: 28. Marzo 1969
Otros nombres:Дуайт Эйзенхауэр

Anuncio

Dwight David «Ike» Eisenhower fue un militar y político que sirvió como 34º presidente de los Estados Unidos de América entre 1953 y 1961. General de cinco estrellas del ejército de Estados Unidos durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, fue comandante supremo de las fuerzas aliadas occidentales en Europa y responsable de la planificación y supervisión de la invasión del norte de África en la operación Torch de entre 1942 y 1943 y de la exitosa invasión de Francia y Alemania entre 1944 y 1945 en el frente occidental. En 1951, se convirtió en el primer comandante supremo de la OTAN.

Descendiente de inmigrantes alemanes asentados en Pensilvania, Eisenhower se crió en un numerosa familia en el estado de Kansas y sus padres le dieron una sólida formación religiosa. Se graduó en West Point en 1915 y más tarde se casó con Mamie Doud, con quien tuvo dos hijos. Tras la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Eisenhower fue jefe de Estado Mayor del ejército durante la presidencia de Harry S. Truman y después ejerció como presidente de la Universidad de Columbia. Eisenhower entró en la carrera presidencial de 1952 de la mano del Partido Republicano para contrarrestar las políticas de no intervención defendidas por el senador republicano Robert A. Taft e hizo campaña contra «el comunismo, Corea y la corrupción». Consiguió derrotar por amplio margen al candidato demócrata Adlai Stevenson y así puso fin a dos décadas de hegemonía demócrata y a la llamada «coalición del New Deal». Fue el primer presidente estadounidense en ver sus mandatos constitucionalmente limitados por la Vigesimosegunda Enmienda.

Los principales objetivos de Eisenhower durante su presidencia fueron mantener la presión sobre la Unión Soviética a través de la llamada Doctrina Eisenhower y reducir el déficit federal. En el primer año de su presidencia, amenazó con usar armas nucleares en un esfuerzo por poner fin a la guerra de Corea; su nueva imagen política priorizó la construcción en masa de armas nucleares baratas para la disuasión nuclear, mientras reducía los fondos para las fuerzas militares convencionales. Ordenó los golpes de Estado en Irán y Guatemala y negó ayuda material de importancia a Francia en Indochina , aunque sí aportó ayuda financiera y daría un fuerte apoyo económico a la recién creada Vietnam del Sur. El Congreso apoyó su solicitud de 1955 para la resolución de Formosa, lo que obligó a Estados Unidos a apoyar militarmente al gobierno pro occidental de la República de China en Taiwán y mantener el aislamiento de la República Popular China, que dominaba el territorio continental.

Después de que la Unión Soviética pusiera en órbita el primer satélite artificial de la historia en 1957, Eisenhower autorizó la creación de la NASA y con ella el inicio de la carrera espacial. Durante la crisis de Suez de 1956, Eisenhower condenó la invasión israelí, británica y francesa de Egipto, y los obligó a retirarse. A su vez condenó la invasión soviética durante la revolución húngara de 1956, pero no tomó ningún otro tipo de acción. Envió 15 000 soldados a Líbano en 1958 para evitar el derrocamiento del gobierno pro occidental a manos de una revolución inspirada en los principios del gobierno del presidente egipcio Nasser. Hacia el final de su mandato, sus esfuerzos por celebrar una reunión con los soviéticos se vinieron abajo tras el incidente del U-2. En su discurso de despedida a la nación del 17 de enero de 1961, Eisenhower avisó sobre los peligros del enorme gasto militar del país y en particular sobre el déficit que este generaba y los contratos que el gobierno tenía con los fabricantes privados de armamento, y acuñó el término «complejo industrial-militar».

En Estados Unidos, durante las dos legislaturas de Eisenhower se vivió una considerable prosperidad económica, a excepción de la fuerte recesión de entre 1958 y 1959. Opuesto, aunque no públicamente, a Joseph McCarthy, contribuyó a poner fin al macartismo con un amplio uso de su llamado «privilegio ejecutivo». Conservador moderado, mantuvo los organismos del New Deal y amplió la Seguridad Social. Puso en marcha el Sistema Interestatal de Autopistas, la agencia DARPA, estableció una sólida educación científica a través de la National Defense Education Act y alentó el uso pacífico de la energía nuclear gracias a la Atomic Energy Act; sin embargo, Eisenhower a menudo dejaba la mayor parte de la actividad política a nivel nacional en manos de su vicepresidente, Richard Nixon.

Aclamado por las encuestas de Gallup como el «hombre más admirado» en doce ocasiones, logró una estima popular generalizada, tanto durante como después de su presidencia. Desde finales del siglo XX, existe consenso entre los estudiosos occidentales para situar a Dwight Eisenhower como uno de los más grandes presidentes de Estados Unidos.

Autores similares

Antonio José de Sucre Foto
Antonio José de Sucre1
Presidente de Perú y Bolivia
Julio Argentino Roca Foto
Julio Argentino Roca3
presidente de Argentina
Juan Manuel de Rosas Foto
Juan Manuel de Rosas15
político argentino
Bernardo O'Higgins Foto
Bernardo O'Higgins20
político y militar chileno
Simón Bolívar Foto
Simón Bolívar69
militar y político venezolano
Napoleon Bonaparte Foto
Napoleon Bonaparte125
político y militar francés

Frases Dwight David Eisenhower

Anuncio

„Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population. It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some fifty miles of concrete pavement. We pay for a single fighter plane with a half million bushels of wheat. We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people. This is, I repeat, the best way of life to be found on the road the world has been taking. This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron. … Is there no other way the world may live?

Anuncio

„The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to Victory!“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force! You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world. Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped and battle hardened. He will fight savagely. But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man-to-man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our Home Fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to Victory! I have full confidence in your courage and devotion to duty and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full Victory! Good luck! And let us beseech the blessing of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking. Order of the Day (2 June 1944), a message to troops before the Normandy landings http://www.3ad.com/history/wwll/feature.pages/d.day.letters.htm, reported in Franklin Watts, Voices of History (1945), p. 260

„War is mankind's most tragic and stupid folly; to seek or advise its deliberate provocation is a black crime against all men.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: War is mankind's most tragic and stupid folly; to seek or advise its deliberate provocation is a black crime against all men. Though you follow the trade of the warrior, you do so in the spirit of Washington — not of Genghis Khan. For Americans, only threat to our way of life justifies resort to conflict. Graduation Exercises at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, U.S. (3 June 1947) http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/all_about_ike/quotes.html

„The work of Dr. Salk is in the highest tradition of selfless and dedicated medical research.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: The work of Dr. Salk is in the highest tradition of selfless and dedicated medical research. He has provided a means for the control of a dread disease. By helping scientists in other countries with technical information; by offering to them the strains of seed virus and professional aid so that the production of vaccine can be started by them everywhere; by welcoming them to his laboratory that they may gain a fuller knowledge, Dr. Salk is a benefactor of mankind. His achievement, a credit to our entire scientific community, does honor to all the people of the United States. Remarks while presenting a Presidential citation http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=10457 to Jonas Salk (22 April 1955)

Anuncio

„That isn't preventive war; that is war.
I don't believe there is such a thing; and, frankly, I wouldn't even listen to anyone seriously that came in and talked about such a thing.
… It seems to me that when, by definition, a term is just ridiculous in itself, there is no use in going any further.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: All of us have heard this term "preventive war" since the earliest days of Hitler. I recall that is about the first time I heard it. In this day and time, if we believe for one second that nuclear fission and fusion, that type of weapon, would be used in such a war — what is a preventive war? I would say a preventive war, if the words mean anything, is to wage some sort of quick police action in order that you might avoid a terrific cataclysm of destruction later. A preventive war, to my mind, is an impossibility today. How could you have one if one of its features would be several cities lying in ruins, several cities where many, many thousands of people would be dead and injured and mangled, the transportation systems destroyed, sanitation implements and systems all gone? That isn't preventive war; that is war. I don't believe there is such a thing; and, frankly, I wouldn't even listen to anyone seriously that came in and talked about such a thing. … It seems to me that when, by definition, a term is just ridiculous in itself, there is no use in going any further. There are all sorts of reasons, moral and political and everything else, against this theory, but it is so completely unthinkable in today's conditions that I thought it is no use to go any further. News Conference of (11 August 1954) http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=9977 Variant: When people speak to you about a preventive war, you tell them to go and fight it. After my experience, I have come to hate war. War settles nothing. Quoted in Quote magazine (4 April 1965) and The Quotable Dwight D. Eisenhower (1967) edited by Elsie Gollagher, p. 219<!-- seldom found variants: All of us have heard this term 'preventative war' since the earliest days of Hitler. I recall that is about the first time I heard it. In this day and time... I don't believe there is such a thing; and, frankly, I wouldn't even listen to anyone seriously that came in and talked about such a thing. A preventative war, to my mind, is an impossibility. I don't believe there is such a thing, and frankly I wouldn't even listen to anyone seriously that came in and talked about such a thing.-->

„Against the dark background of the atomic bomb, the United States does not wish merely to present strength, but also the desire and the hope for peace.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Against the dark background of the atomic bomb, the United States does not wish merely to present strength, but also the desire and the hope for peace. The coming months will be fraught with fateful decisions. In this Assembly; in the capitals and military headquarters of the world; in the hearts of men every where, be they governors, or governed, may they be decisions which will lead this work out of fear and into peace. To the making of these fateful decisions, the United States pledges before you--and therefore before the world--its determination to help solve the fearful atomic dilemma--to devote its entire heart and mind to find the way by which the miraculous inventiveness of man shall not be dedicated to his death, but consecrated to his life.

„But each proposal must be weighed in the light of a broader consideration: the need to maintain balance in and among national programs“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Crises there will continue to be. In meeting them, whether foreign or domestic, great or small, there is a recurring temptation to feel that some spectacular and costly action could become the miraculous solution to all current difficulties. A huge increase in newer elements of our defenses; development of unrealistic programs to cure every ill in agriculture; a dramatic expansion in basic and applied research -- these and many other possibilities, each possibly promising in itself, may be suggested as the only way to the road we wish to travel. But each proposal must be weighed in the light of a broader consideration: the need to maintain balance in and among national programs, balance between the private and the public economy, balance between the cost and hoped for advantages, balance between the clearly necessary and the comfortably desirable, balance between our essential requirements as a nation and the duties imposed by the nation upon the individual, balance between actions of the moment and the national welfare of the future. Good judgment seeks balance and progress. Lack of it eventually finds imbalance and frustration.

„But when large gatherings of obstructionists made it impossible for the decrees of the Court to be carried out, both the law and the national interest demanded that the President take action.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: It was my hope that this localized situation would be brought under control by city and State authorities. If the use of local police powers had been sufficient, our traditional method of leaving the problems in those hands would have been pursued. But when large gatherings of obstructionists made it impossible for the decrees of the Court to be carried out, both the law and the national interest demanded that the President take action.

Siguiente
Aniversarios de hoy
Adolf Hitler Foto
Adolf Hitler131
Führer y Canciller Imperial de Alemania. Líder del Partid... 1889 - 1945
Joan Miró Foto
Joan Miró4
pintor surrealista catalán 1893 - 1983
Bram Stoker Foto
Bram Stoker39
escritor irlandés 1847 - 1912
Marlys Millhiser
escritora estadounidense 1938 - 2017
Otros (number)s aniversarios hoy
Autores similares
Antonio José de Sucre Foto
Antonio José de Sucre1
Presidente de Perú y Bolivia
Julio Argentino Roca Foto
Julio Argentino Roca3
presidente de Argentina
Juan Manuel de Rosas Foto
Juan Manuel de Rosas15
político argentino