Frases de Dwight David Eisenhower página 2

Dwight David Eisenhower Foto
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Dwight David Eisenhower

Fecha de nacimiento: 14. Octubre 1890
Fecha de muerte: 28. Marzo 1969
Otros nombres:Дуайт Эйзенхауэр

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Dwight David «Ike» Eisenhower fue un militar y político que sirvió como 34º presidente de los Estados Unidos de América entre 1953 y 1961. General de cinco estrellas del ejército de Estados Unidos durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, fue comandante supremo de las fuerzas aliadas occidentales en Europa y responsable de la planificación y supervisión de la invasión del norte de África en la operación Torch de entre 1942 y 1943 y de la exitosa invasión de Francia y Alemania entre 1944 y 1945 en el frente occidental. En 1951, se convirtió en el primer comandante supremo de la OTAN.

Descendiente de inmigrantes alemanes asentados en Pensilvania, Eisenhower se crió en un numerosa familia en el estado de Kansas y sus padres le dieron una sólida formación religiosa. Se graduó en West Point en 1915 y más tarde se casó con Mamie Doud, con quien tuvo dos hijos. Tras la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Eisenhower fue jefe de Estado Mayor del ejército durante la presidencia de Harry S. Truman y después ejerció como presidente de la Universidad de Columbia. Eisenhower entró en la carrera presidencial de 1952 de la mano del Partido Republicano para contrarrestar las políticas de no intervención defendidas por el senador republicano Robert A. Taft e hizo campaña contra «el comunismo, Corea y la corrupción». Consiguió derrotar por amplio margen al candidato demócrata Adlai Stevenson y así puso fin a dos décadas de hegemonía demócrata y a la llamada «coalición del New Deal». Fue el primer presidente estadounidense en ver sus mandatos constitucionalmente limitados por la Vigesimosegunda Enmienda.

Los principales objetivos de Eisenhower durante su presidencia fueron mantener la presión sobre la Unión Soviética a través de la llamada Doctrina Eisenhower y reducir el déficit federal. En el primer año de su presidencia, amenazó con usar armas nucleares en un esfuerzo por poner fin a la guerra de Corea; su nueva imagen política priorizó la construcción en masa de armas nucleares baratas para la disuasión nuclear, mientras reducía los fondos para las fuerzas militares convencionales. Ordenó los golpes de Estado en Irán y Guatemala y negó ayuda material de importancia a Francia en Indochina , aunque sí aportó ayuda financiera y daría un fuerte apoyo económico a la recién creada Vietnam del Sur. El Congreso apoyó su solicitud de 1955 para la resolución de Formosa, lo que obligó a Estados Unidos a apoyar militarmente al gobierno pro occidental de la República de China en Taiwán y mantener el aislamiento de la República Popular China, que dominaba el territorio continental.

Después de que la Unión Soviética pusiera en órbita el primer satélite artificial de la historia en 1957, Eisenhower autorizó la creación de la NASA y con ella el inicio de la carrera espacial. Durante la crisis de Suez de 1956, Eisenhower condenó la invasión israelí, británica y francesa de Egipto, y los obligó a retirarse. A su vez condenó la invasión soviética durante la revolución húngara de 1956, pero no tomó ningún otro tipo de acción. Envió 15 000 soldados a Líbano en 1958 para evitar el derrocamiento del gobierno pro occidental a manos de una revolución inspirada en los principios del gobierno del presidente egipcio Nasser. Hacia el final de su mandato, sus esfuerzos por celebrar una reunión con los soviéticos se vinieron abajo tras el incidente del U-2. En su discurso de despedida a la nación del 17 de enero de 1961, Eisenhower avisó sobre los peligros del enorme gasto militar del país y en particular sobre el déficit que este generaba y los contratos que el gobierno tenía con los fabricantes privados de armamento, y acuñó el término «complejo industrial-militar».

En Estados Unidos, durante las dos legislaturas de Eisenhower se vivió una considerable prosperidad económica, a excepción de la fuerte recesión de entre 1958 y 1959. Opuesto, aunque no públicamente, a Joseph McCarthy, contribuyó a poner fin al macartismo con un amplio uso de su llamado «privilegio ejecutivo». Conservador moderado, mantuvo los organismos del New Deal y amplió la Seguridad Social. Puso en marcha el Sistema Interestatal de Autopistas, la agencia DARPA, estableció una sólida educación científica a través de la National Defense Education Act y alentó el uso pacífico de la energía nuclear gracias a la Atomic Energy Act; sin embargo, Eisenhower a menudo dejaba la mayor parte de la actividad política a nivel nacional en manos de su vicepresidente, Richard Nixon.

Aclamado por las encuestas de Gallup como el «hombre más admirado» en doce ocasiones, logró una estima popular generalizada, tanto durante como después de su presidencia. Desde finales del siglo XX, existe consenso entre los estudiosos occidentales para situar a Dwight Eisenhower como uno de los más grandes presidentes de Estados Unidos.

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Frases Dwight David Eisenhower

„Your task will not be an easy one.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force! You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world. Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped and battle hardened. He will fight savagely. But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man-to-man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our Home Fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to Victory! I have full confidence in your courage and devotion to duty and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full Victory! Good luck! And let us beseech the blessing of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking. Order of the Day (2 June 1944), a message to troops before the Normandy landings http://www.3ad.com/history/wwll/feature.pages/d.day.letters.htm, reported in Franklin Watts, Voices of History (1945), p. 260

„War is mankind's most tragic and stupid folly; to seek or advise its deliberate provocation is a black crime against all men.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: War is mankind's most tragic and stupid folly; to seek or advise its deliberate provocation is a black crime against all men. Though you follow the trade of the warrior, you do so in the spirit of Washington — not of Genghis Khan. For Americans, only threat to our way of life justifies resort to conflict. Graduation Exercises at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, U.S. (3 June 1947) http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/all_about_ike/quotes.html

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„The work of Dr. Salk is in the highest tradition of selfless and dedicated medical research.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: The work of Dr. Salk is in the highest tradition of selfless and dedicated medical research. He has provided a means for the control of a dread disease. By helping scientists in other countries with technical information; by offering to them the strains of seed virus and professional aid so that the production of vaccine can be started by them everywhere; by welcoming them to his laboratory that they may gain a fuller knowledge, Dr. Salk is a benefactor of mankind. His achievement, a credit to our entire scientific community, does honor to all the people of the United States. Remarks while presenting a Presidential citation http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=10457 to Jonas Salk (22 April 1955)

„If any blame or fault attaches to the attempt, it is mine alone.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Our landings in the Cherbourg-Havre area have failed to gain a satisfactory foothold and I have withdrawn the troops. My decision to attack at this time and place was based on the best information available. The troops, the air and the Navy did all that bravery and devotion to duty could do. If any blame or fault attaches to the attempt, it is mine alone. Notes for an announcement, written in advance of the Normandy invasion, in case of its failure, but never delivered (June 1944) http://doinghistoryproject.tripod.com/id17.html; reported in John Gunther, Eisenhower: The Man and the Symbol (1952), p. 41

„God created man to enjoy, not destroy, the fruits of the earth and of their own toil.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: These proposals spring, without ulterior motive or political passion, from our calm conviction that the hunger for peace is in the hearts of all people -- those of Russia and of China no less than of our own country. They conform to our firm faith that God created man to enjoy, not destroy, the fruits of the earth and of their own toil.

„A preventive war, to my mind, is an impossibility today.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: All of us have heard this term "preventive war" since the earliest days of Hitler. I recall that is about the first time I heard it. In this day and time, if we believe for one second that nuclear fission and fusion, that type of weapon, would be used in such a war — what is a preventive war? I would say a preventive war, if the words mean anything, is to wage some sort of quick police action in order that you might avoid a terrific cataclysm of destruction later. A preventive war, to my mind, is an impossibility today. How could you have one if one of its features would be several cities lying in ruins, several cities where many, many thousands of people would be dead and injured and mangled, the transportation systems destroyed, sanitation implements and systems all gone? That isn't preventive war; that is war. I don't believe there is such a thing; and, frankly, I wouldn't even listen to anyone seriously that came in and talked about such a thing. … It seems to me that when, by definition, a term is just ridiculous in itself, there is no use in going any further. There are all sorts of reasons, moral and political and everything else, against this theory, but it is so completely unthinkable in today's conditions that I thought it is no use to go any further. News Conference of (11 August 1954) http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/print.php?pid=9977 Variant: When people speak to you about a preventive war, you tell them to go and fight it. After my experience, I have come to hate war. War settles nothing. Quoted in Quote magazine (4 April 1965) and The Quotable Dwight D. Eisenhower (1967) edited by Elsie Gollagher, p. 219<!-- seldom found variants: All of us have heard this term 'preventative war' since the earliest days of Hitler. I recall that is about the first time I heard it. In this day and time... I don't believe there is such a thing; and, frankly, I wouldn't even listen to anyone seriously that came in and talked about such a thing. A preventative war, to my mind, is an impossibility. I don't believe there is such a thing, and frankly I wouldn't even listen to anyone seriously that came in and talked about such a thing.-->

„Kinship among nations is not determined in such measurements as proximity of size and age.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Kinship among nations is not determined in such measurements as proximity of size and age. Rather we should turn to those inner things — call them what you will — I mean those intangibles that are the real treasures free men possess. To preserve his freedom of worship, his equality before law, his liberty to speak and act as he sees fit, subject only to provisions that he trespass not upon similar rights of others — a Londoner will fight. So will a citizen of Abilene. When we consider these things, then the valley of the Thames draws closer to the farms of Kansas and the plains of Texas. http://books.google.com/books?id=Dp94AAAAMAAJ&q=&quot;Kinship+among+nations+is+not+determined+in+such+measurements+as+proximity+size+and+age&quot;Speech at Guildhall, London (12 June 1945) <!-- accessdate = 2012-06-07 -->

„Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force!
You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force! You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world. Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well equipped and battle hardened. He will fight savagely. But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of 1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man-to-man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our Home Fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men. The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to Victory! I have full confidence in your courage and devotion to duty and skill in battle. We will accept nothing less than full Victory! Good luck! And let us beseech the blessing of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking. Order of the Day (2 June 1944), a message to troops before the Normandy landings http://www.3ad.com/history/wwll/feature.pages/d.day.letters.htm, reported in Franklin Watts, Voices of History (1945), p. 260

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„Censorship, in my opinion, is a stupid and shallow way of approaching the solution to any problem.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Censorship, in my opinion, is a stupid and shallow way of approaching the solution to any problem. Though sometimes necessary, as witness a professional and technical secret that may have a bearing upon the welfare and very safety of this country, we should be very careful in the way we apply it, because in censorship always lurks the very great danger of working to the disadvantage of the American nation. Associated Press luncheon http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/all_about_ike/quotes.html#censorship (24 April 1950), New York City, New York

„The United States strongly seeks a lasting agreement for the discontinuance of nuclear weapons tests.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: The United States strongly seeks a lasting agreement for the discontinuance of nuclear weapons tests. We believe that this would be an important step toward reduction of international tensions and would open the way to further agreement on substantial measures of disarmament. Letter to Nikita Khrushchev http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=11709 (13 April 1959, published 20 April 1959)

„Patriotism means equipped forces and a prepared citizenry. Moral stamina means more energy and more productivity, on the farm and in the factory. Love of liberty means the guarding of every resource that makes freedom possible--from the sanctity of our families and the wealth of our soil to the genius of our scientists.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: We must be ready to dare all for our country. For history does not long entrust the care of freedom to the weak or the timid. We must acquire proficiency in defense and display stamina in purpose. We must be willing, individually and as a Nation, to accept whatever sacrifices may be required of us. A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both. These basic precepts are not lofty abstractions, far removed from matters of daily living. They are laws of spiritual strength that generate and define our material strength. Patriotism means equipped forces and a prepared citizenry. Moral stamina means more energy and more productivity, on the farm and in the factory. Love of liberty means the guarding of every resource that makes freedom possible--from the sanctity of our families and the wealth of our soil to the genius of our scientists.

„That table, though scarred by many past frustrations, cannot be abandoned for the certain agony of the battlefield.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: During the long lane of the history yet to be written, America knows that this world of ours, ever growing smaller, must avoid becoming a community of dreadful fear and hate, and be, instead, a proud confederation of mutual trust and respect. Such a confederation must be one of equals. The weakest must come to the conference table with the same confidence as do we, protected as we are by our moral, economic, and military strength. That table, though scarred by many past frustrations, cannot be abandoned for the certain agony of the battlefield.

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„It is with the book of history, and not with isolated pages, that the United States will ever wish to be identified. My country wants to be constructive, not destructive. It wants agreement, not wars, among nations. It wants itself to live in freedom, and in the confidence that the people of every other nation enjoy equally the right of choosing their own way of life. So my country's purpose is to help us move out of the dark chamber of horrors into the light, to find a way by which the minds of men, the hopes of men, the souls of men every where, can move forward toward peace and happiness and well being.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Occasional pages of history do record the faces of the "Great Destroyers" but the whole book of history reveals mankind's never-ending quest for peace, and mankind's God-given capacity to build. It is with the book of history, and not with isolated pages, that the United States will ever wish to be identified. My country wants to be constructive, not destructive. It wants agreement, not wars, among nations. It wants itself to live in freedom, and in the confidence that the people of every other nation enjoy equally the right of choosing their own way of life. So my country's purpose is to help us move out of the dark chamber of horrors into the light, to find a way by which the minds of men, the hopes of men, the souls of men every where, can move forward toward peace and happiness and well being.

„We must be ready to dare all for our country. For history does not long entrust the care of freedom to the weak or the timid.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: We must be ready to dare all for our country. For history does not long entrust the care of freedom to the weak or the timid. We must acquire proficiency in defense and display stamina in purpose. We must be willing, individually and as a Nation, to accept whatever sacrifices may be required of us. A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both. These basic precepts are not lofty abstractions, far removed from matters of daily living. They are laws of spiritual strength that generate and define our material strength. Patriotism means equipped forces and a prepared citizenry. Moral stamina means more energy and more productivity, on the farm and in the factory. Love of liberty means the guarding of every resource that makes freedom possible--from the sanctity of our families and the wealth of our soil to the genius of our scientists.

„Against the dark background of the atomic bomb, the United States does not wish merely to present strength, but also the desire and the hope for peace.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: Against the dark background of the atomic bomb, the United States does not wish merely to present strength, but also the desire and the hope for peace. The coming months will be fraught with fateful decisions. In this Assembly; in the capitals and military headquarters of the world; in the hearts of men every where, be they governors, or governed, may they be decisions which will lead this work out of fear and into peace. To the making of these fateful decisions, the United States pledges before you--and therefore before the world--its determination to help solve the fearful atomic dilemma--to devote its entire heart and mind to find the way by which the miraculous inventiveness of man shall not be dedicated to his death, but consecrated to his life.

„This is a long tough road we have to travel.“

— Dwight D. Eisenhower
Context: This is a long tough road we have to travel. The men that can do things are going to be sought out just as surely as the sun rises in the morning. Fake reputations, habits of glib and clever speech, and glittering surface performance are going to be discovered. Letter to Vernon Prichard (27 August 1942), published in The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower (1970) edited by Alfred Dupont Chandler, p. 505

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