Frases de Grace Murray Hopper

Grace Murray Hopper Foto
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Grace Murray Hopper

Fecha de nacimiento: 9. Diciembre 1906
Fecha de muerte: 1. Enero 1992

Grace Murray Hopper fue una científica de la computación y militar estadounidense con grado de contraalmirante. Fue pionera en el mundo de las ciencias de la computación y la primera programadora que utilizó el Mark I. Entre las décadas de los 50 y 60 desarrolló el primer compilador para un lenguaje de programación así como también propició métodos de validación. [1]​[2]​[3]​[4]​[5]​[6]​

Popularizó la idea de una máquina independiente de los lenguajes de programación, lo que derivó en el desarrollo de COBOL, un lenguaje de alto nivel de programación que aún se utiliza. Hopper intentó alistarse en la marina estadounidense durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, pero debió unirse a las reservas de la armada porque ya tenía 34 años. Era conocida por sus amistades como Amazing Grace.[7]​ Wikipedia

Photo: James S. Davis, United States Navy / Public domain

Frases Grace Murray Hopper

„Para mí la programación es más que un importante arte práctico. También es un desafío gigantesco en los fundamentos del conocimiento.“

—  Grace Murray Hopper

Fuente: Management and the Computer of the Future (1962). Sloan School of Management, p. 277

„Es más fácil pedir perdón que pedir permiso.“

—  Grace Murray Hopper

Variante: «Si es una buena idea, continuad y llevadla a término. Es mucho más fácil pedir disculpas que conseguir el permiso necesario».
Fuente: Citado en la revista Chips Ahoy de la Marina de los EE.UU. (Julio de 1986)
Fuente: Citado en: Built to Learn : The inside story of how Rockwell Collins became a true learning organization (2003). Cliff Purington, Chris Butler, y Sarah Fister Gale, p. 171

„La vida era sencilla antes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Después de eso, teníamos sistemas.“

—  Grace Murray Hopper

The Wit and Wisdom of Grace Hopper (1987)

„Siempre he estado más interesada en el futuro que en el pasado.“

—  Grace Murray Hopper

Fuente: The Reader's Digest (Octubre de 1994), p. 185

„He recibido muchos honores y estoy agradecida por ellos, pero ya he recibido el premio más importante que nunca vaya a recibir, y ha sido el privilegio y el honor de servir con mucho orgullo en la Marina de los Estados Unidos.“

—  Grace Murray Hopper

Fuente: Publicado en la edición de octubre de 1986 de Chips, revista de información tecnológica del Departamento de la Marina de los EE.UU.

„Yo tenía un compilador funcionando y nadie lo tocaría. … me dijeron con cuidado que las computadoras sólo podían realizar operaciones aritméticas, que no podían hacer programas.“

—  Grace Murray Hopper

Fuente: Citado en: Grace Hopper : Navy Admiral and Computer Pioneer (1989). Charlene W. Billings, p. 74. ISBN 0-89490-194-X

„Un barco en el puerto es seguro, pero no es para eso para lo que se construyen las naves. Navegad en el mar y haced cosas nuevas.“

—  Grace Murray Hopper

Fuente: Citado en: "Grace Hopper: The youthful teacher of us all". Henry S. Tropp. Abacus Vol. 2, nº 1 (Otoño de 1984). ISSN 0724-6722

„Please cut off a nanosecond and send it over to me.“

—  Grace Hopper

On demonstrating a billionth of a second of electricity travel with a piece of wire, in an interview on 60 Minutes (24 August 1986)
Contexto: In total desperation, I called over to the engineering building, and I said, "Please cut off a nanosecond and send it over to me."

„Humans are allergic to change. They love to say, "We've always done it this way." I try to fight that. That's why I have a clock on my wall that runs counter-clockwise.“

—  Grace Hopper

Unsourced variant: The most dangerous phrase in the language is, "We've always done it this way."
The Wit and Wisdom of Grace Hopper (1987)

„If they put you down somewhere with nothing to do, go to sleep — you don't know when you'll get any more.“

—  Grace Hopper

Grace Hopper on Late Night with David Letterman (2 October 1986) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-vcErOPofQ
Contexto: There's something you learn in your first boot-camp, or training camp: If they put you down somewhere with nothing to do, go to sleep — you don't know when you'll get any more.

„We must include in any language with which we hope to describe complex data-processing situations the capability for describing data.“

—  Grace Hopper

As quoted in Management and the Computer of the Future (1962) by Sloan School of Management, p. 273
Contexto: We must include in any language with which we hope to describe complex data-processing situations the capability for describing data. We must also include a mechanism for determining the priorities to be applied to the data. These priorities are not fixed and are indicated in many cases by the data.
Thus we must have a language and a structure that will take care of the data descriptions and priorities, as well as the operations we wish to perform. If we think seriously about these problems, we find that we cannot work with procedures alone, since they are sequential. We need to define the problem instead of the procedures. The Language Structures Group of the Codasyl Committee has been studying the structure of languages that can be used to describe data-processing problems. The Group started out by trying to design a language for stating procedures, but soon discovered that what was really required was a description of the data and a statement of the relationships between the data sets. The Group has since begun writing an algebra of processes, the background for a theory of data processing.
Clearly, we must break away from the sequential and not limit the computers. We must state definitions and provide for priorities and descriptions of data. We must state relationships, not procedures.

„We must state relationships, not procedures.“

—  Grace Hopper

As quoted in Management and the Computer of the Future (1962) by Sloan School of Management, p. 273
Contexto: We must include in any language with which we hope to describe complex data-processing situations the capability for describing data. We must also include a mechanism for determining the priorities to be applied to the data. These priorities are not fixed and are indicated in many cases by the data.
Thus we must have a language and a structure that will take care of the data descriptions and priorities, as well as the operations we wish to perform. If we think seriously about these problems, we find that we cannot work with procedures alone, since they are sequential. We need to define the problem instead of the procedures. The Language Structures Group of the Codasyl Committee has been studying the structure of languages that can be used to describe data-processing problems. The Group started out by trying to design a language for stating procedures, but soon discovered that what was really required was a description of the data and a statement of the relationships between the data sets. The Group has since begun writing an algebra of processes, the background for a theory of data processing.
Clearly, we must break away from the sequential and not limit the computers. We must state definitions and provide for priorities and descriptions of data. We must state relationships, not procedures.

„A human must turn information into intelligence or knowledge. We've tended to forget that no computer will ever ask a new question.“

—  Grace Hopper

The Wit and Wisdom of Grace Hopper (1987)
Contexto: We're flooding people with information. We need to feed it through a processor. A human must turn information into intelligence or knowledge. We've tended to forget that no computer will ever ask a new question.

„The Group started out by trying to design a language for stating procedures, but soon discovered that what was really required was a description of the data and a statement of the relationships between the data sets.“

—  Grace Hopper

As quoted in Management and the Computer of the Future (1962) by Sloan School of Management, p. 273
Contexto: We must include in any language with which we hope to describe complex data-processing situations the capability for describing data. We must also include a mechanism for determining the priorities to be applied to the data. These priorities are not fixed and are indicated in many cases by the data.
Thus we must have a language and a structure that will take care of the data descriptions and priorities, as well as the operations we wish to perform. If we think seriously about these problems, we find that we cannot work with procedures alone, since they are sequential. We need to define the problem instead of the procedures. The Language Structures Group of the Codasyl Committee has been studying the structure of languages that can be used to describe data-processing problems. The Group started out by trying to design a language for stating procedures, but soon discovered that what was really required was a description of the data and a statement of the relationships between the data sets. The Group has since begun writing an algebra of processes, the background for a theory of data processing.
Clearly, we must break away from the sequential and not limit the computers. We must state definitions and provide for priorities and descriptions of data. We must state relationships, not procedures.

„You manage things, you lead people. We went overboard on management and forgot about leadership.“

—  Grace Hopper

The Wit and Wisdom of Grace Hopper (1987)
Contexto: You manage things, you lead people. We went overboard on management and forgot about leadership. It might help if we ran the MBAs out of Washington.

„These priorities are not fixed and are indicated in many cases by the data.
Thus we must have a language and a structure that will take care of the data descriptions and priorities, as well as the operations we wish to perform.“

—  Grace Hopper

As quoted in Management and the Computer of the Future (1962) by Sloan School of Management, p. 273
Contexto: We must include in any language with which we hope to describe complex data-processing situations the capability for describing data. We must also include a mechanism for determining the priorities to be applied to the data. These priorities are not fixed and are indicated in many cases by the data.
Thus we must have a language and a structure that will take care of the data descriptions and priorities, as well as the operations we wish to perform. If we think seriously about these problems, we find that we cannot work with procedures alone, since they are sequential. We need to define the problem instead of the procedures. The Language Structures Group of the Codasyl Committee has been studying the structure of languages that can be used to describe data-processing problems. The Group started out by trying to design a language for stating procedures, but soon discovered that what was really required was a description of the data and a statement of the relationships between the data sets. The Group has since begun writing an algebra of processes, the background for a theory of data processing.
Clearly, we must break away from the sequential and not limit the computers. We must state definitions and provide for priorities and descriptions of data. We must state relationships, not procedures.

„A ship in port is safe; but that is not what ships are built for. Sail out to sea and do new things.“

—  Grace Hopper

This saying appears to be due to John Augustus Shedd; it was quoted in "Grace Hopper : The Youthful Teacher of Us All" by Henry S. Tropp in Abacus Vol. 2, Issue 1 (Fall 1984) ISSN 0724-6722 . She did repeat this saying on multiple occasions, but she called it "a motto that has stuck with me" and did not claim coinage. Additional variations and citations may be found at Quote Investigator http://quoteinvestigator.com/2013/12/09/safe-harbor/
Misattributed

„I've always been more interested in the future than in the past.“

—  Grace Hopper

As quoted in The Reader's Digest (October 1994), p. 185

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