Frases de Julian Huxley

Julian Huxley Foto
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Julian Huxley

Fecha de nacimiento: 22. Junio 1887
Fecha de muerte: 14. Febrero 1975

Julian Sorell Huxley fue un biólogo evolutivo, escritor, humanista, eugenista internacionalista británico, conocido por sus contribuciones a la popularización de la ciencia a través de libros y conferencias.[1]​ Fue el primer director de la Unesco y fue nombrado caballero británico en 1958. Apoyó las teorías de la selección natural, fue uno de las figuras destacadas de la síntesis evolutiva moderna. Fue el secretario de la Sociedad Zoológica de Londres y uno de los fundadores del Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza.

Huxley formaba parte de una familia distinguida. Su hermano era el escritor Aldous Huxley y era medio hermano de otro biólogo, el premio Nobel Andrew Huxley. Su padre fue un escritor y editor Leonard Huxley y su abuelo paterno el biólogo T. H. Huxley, famoso por ser colega y apoyar a Charles Darwin. Su abuelo materno fue el académico Tom Arnold. Wikipedia

„Tarde o temprano, el pensamiento equivocado lleva a la mala conducta.“

—  Julian Huxley

Fuente: "Religion and Science: Old Wine in New Bottles" en the Traveller's Library (1933) editado por William Somerset Maugham. pág. 1248

„En términos operativos, Dios está empezando a parecerse no a un gobernante, sino a la última sonrisa evanescente de un gato de Cheshire cósmico.“

—  Julian Huxley

Fuente: Julian Huxley: Religion without Revelation (1927). Citado en: Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists http://books.google.es/books?id=vqTNfnKJVPAC&pg=PA381, 3ª edición. John Daintith (ed.). CRC Press, 2010. ISBN 1-4200-7272-2, pág. 381

„Todos sabemos cómo el tamaño de las sumas de dinero parece variar de manera notable a medida que se nos paga o pagamos.“

—  Julian Huxley

Fuente: "Philosophic Ants" en The Borzoi Reader (1936), editado por Carl Van Doren, pág. 548

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„El darwinismo eliminó por completo del campo de la dialéctica la idea de un Dios creador de vida orgánica.“

—  Julian Huxley

Fuente: Citado en: The New Biology (La nueva biología), de Robert Augros y George Stanciu, página 188.

„In the actual duration of his life, the individual ranges from the bacterium's hour to the the big tree's five thousand years.“

—  Julian Huxley

"The Individual in the Animal Kingdom" (1912); quoted in From Gaia to Selfish Genes: Selected Writings in the Life Sciences (1992) by Connie Barlow, Ch. 6 "Blurred Bounds of Individuality" <!-- Barlow in quoting Huxley also notes that modern science has revealed that clone-propagating blueberries in an Appalachian mountaintop and Aspens of the Rockies may have root-stocks ten or fifteen thousand years old. -->
Contexto: In the actual duration of his life, the individual ranges from the bacterium's hour to the the big tree's five thousand years. Man in this again stands at the pinnacle of individuality — not in mere length of days, but in having found a means to perpetuate a part of himself in spite of death.
By speech first, but far more by writing, man has been able to put something of himself beyond death. In tradition and in books an integral part of the individual persists, for it can influence the minds and actions of other people in different places and at different times: a row of black marks on a page can move a man to tears, though the bones of him that wrote it are long ago crumbled to dust. In truth, the whole progress of civilization is based upon this power. Once more the upward progress of terrestrial life towards individuality has found apparently insurmountable obstacles, gross material difficulties before it, but once more through consciousness it finds wings, and, laughing at matter, flies over lightly where it could not climb.
To such an individuality, one that can thus transcend the limits of its substance, the name Personality is commonly given. Man alone possesses true personality, though there is as it were an aspiration towards it visible among the higher vertebrates, stirring their placid automatism with airs of consciousness.

„As a result of a thousand million years of evolution, the universe is becoming conscious of itself, able to understand something of its past history and its possible future.“

—  Julian Huxley

Transhumanism (1957)
Contexto: As a result of a thousand million years of evolution, the universe is becoming conscious of itself, able to understand something of its past history and its possible future. This cosmic self-awareness is being realized in one tiny fragment of the universe — in a few of us human beings. Perhaps it has been realized elsewhere too, through the evolution of conscious living creatures on the planets of other stars. But on this our planet, it has never happened before.

„In developing a full, deep and rich personality the individual ceases to be a mere cog or cipher, and makes his own particular contribution to evolutionary fulfilment.“

—  Julian Huxley

The New Divinity (1964)
Contexto: Human potentialities constitute the world's greatest resource, but at the moment only a tiny fraction of them is being realized. The possibility of tapping and directing these vast resources of human possibility provide the religion of the future with a powerful long-term motive. An equally powerful short-term motive is to ensure the fullest possible development and flowering of individual personalities. In developing a full, deep and rich personality the individual ceases to be a mere cog or cipher, and makes his own particular contribution to evolutionary fulfilment.

„One thing is certain, that the well-developed, well-integrated personality is the highest product of evolution, the fullest realization we know of in the universe.“

—  Julian Huxley

Transhumanism (1957)
Contexto: The personality may grievously fail in attaining any real wholeness. One thing is certain, that the well-developed, well-integrated personality is the highest product of evolution, the fullest realization we know of in the universe.

„There is no separate supernatural realm: all phenomena are part of one natural process of evolution. There is no basic cleavage between science and religion; they are both organs of evolving humanity.“

—  Julian Huxley

The New Divinity (1964)
Contexto: The entire cosmos is made out of one and the same world-stuff, operated by the same energy as we ourselves. "Mind" and "matter" appears as two aspects of our unitary mind-bodies. There is no separate supernatural realm: all phenomena are part of one natural process of evolution. There is no basic cleavage between science and religion; they are both organs of evolving humanity.

„We shall start from new premises. … The human species can, if it wishes, transcend itself — not just sporadically, an individual here in one way, an individual there in another way, but in its entirety, as humanity.“

—  Julian Huxley

Transhumanism (1957)
Contexto: We shall start from new premises. … The human species can, if it wishes, transcend itself — not just sporadically, an individual here in one way, an individual there in another way, but in its entirety, as humanity. We need a name for this new belief. Perhaps transhumanism will serve: man remaining man, but transcending himself, by realizing new possibilities of and for his human nature.
"I believe in transhumanism": once there are enough people who can truly say that, the human species will be on the threshold of a new kind of existence, as different from ours as ours is from that of Pekin man. It will at last be consciously fulfilling its real destiny.

„Operationally, God is beginning to resemble not a ruler but the last fading smile of a cosmic Cheshire cat.“

—  Julian Huxley

Religion without Revelation (1957) p. 58
Contexto: The supernatural is being swept out of the universe in the flood of new knowledge of what is natural. It will soon be as impossible for an intelligent, educated man or woman to believe in a god as it is now to believe the earth is flat, that flies can be spontaneously generated... or that death is always due to witchcraft... The god hypothesis is no longer of any pragmatic value for the interpretation or comprehension of nature, and indeed often stands in the way of better and truer interpretation. Operationally, God is beginning to resemble not a ruler but the last fading smile of a cosmic Cheshire cat.

„If such exist, they crown Life's progress…“

—  Julian Huxley

"The Individual in the Animal Kingdom" (1912); quoted in From Gaia to Selfish Genes: Selected Writings in the Life Sciences (1992) by Connie Barlow, Ch. 6 "Blurred Bounds of Individuality"
Contexto: In man, personality is usually defined with reference to self-consciousness rather than to individuality; but the power of reflection and self-knowledge is linked up, in our type of personality at least, with the new flight of individuality — conscious memory seems necessarily to imply a vast increase of independence, so that it is all one whether we define the possessor of personality as a self-conscious individual, or as an individual whose individuality is more extensive both in space and time than the material substance of his body.
Personality, as we know it, is free compared with the individuality of the lower animals; but it is still weighted down with the body. There may be personalities which have not merely transcended substance, but are rid of it altogether: in all ages the theologian and the mystic have told of such "disembodied spirits," postulated by the one, felt by the other, and now the psychical investigator with his automatic writing and his cross-correspondences is seeking to give us rigorous demonstration of them. If such exist, they crown Life's progress...

„The new understanding of the universe has come about through the new knowledge amassed in the last hundred years — by psychologists, biologists, and other scientists, by archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians. It has defined man's responsibility and destiny — to be an agent for the rest of the world in the job of realizing its inherent potentialities as fully as possible.“

—  Julian Huxley

Transhumanism (1957)
Contexto: The new understanding of the universe has come about through the new knowledge amassed in the last hundred years — by psychologists, biologists, and other scientists, by archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians. It has defined man's responsibility and destiny — to be an agent for the rest of the world in the job of realizing its inherent potentialities as fully as possible.
It is as if man had been suddenly appointed managing director of the biggest business of all, the business of evolution — appointed without being asked if he wanted it, and without proper warning and preparation. What is more, he can't refuse the job. Whether he wants to or not, whether he is conscious of what he is doing or not, he is in point of fact determining the future direction of evolution on this earth. That is his inescapable destiny, and the sooner he realizes it and starts believing in it, the better for all concerned.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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