Frases de Lord Acton

Lord Acton Foto
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Lord Acton

Fecha de nacimiento: 10. Enero 1834
Fecha de muerte: 19. Junio 1902

John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1.er Barón Acton, KCVO , conocido como Lord Acton, fue un historiador y político inglés. Católico y liberal,[1]​ es famoso por haber acuñado el conocido aforismo «El poder tiende a corromper y el poder absoluto corrompe absolutamente» .[2]​

Obras

Frases Lord Acton

„Juzga el talento en su mejor momento, pero el carácter en el peor.“

—  Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History

Original: «Judge talent at its best but character at its worst».
Fuente: Lectures on Modern History. John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag, 2016. ISBN 9783849646127. https://books.google.es/books?id=u_xBDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT30&dq=Judge+talent+at+its+best+but+character+at+its+worst.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1-92AgeTfAhWnBGMBHSrIAgkQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Judge%20talent%20at%20its%20best%20but%20character%20at%20its%20worst.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„Sospecha del poder más que del vicio y estudia los problemas con preferencia a los períodos.“

—  Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History

Original: «Suspect power more than vice, and study problems in preference to periods».
Fuente: Lectures on Modern History. John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag, 2016. ISBN 9783849646127. https://books.google.es/books?id=u_xBDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT30&dq=Judge+talent+at+its+best+but+character+at+its+worst.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1-92AgeTfAhWnBGMBHSrIAgkQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Judge%20talent%20at%20its%20best%20but%20character%20at%20its%20worst.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„No te conformes con el mejor libro; busca las luces de los demás; no tengas favoritos.“

—  Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History

Original: «Be not content with the best book; seek sidelights from the others; have no favourites».
Fuente: Lectures on Modern History. John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag, 2016. ISBN 9783849646127. https://books.google.es/books?id=u_xBDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT30&dq=Judge+talent+at+its+best+but+character+at+its+worst.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1-92AgeTfAhWnBGMBHSrIAgkQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Be%20not%20content%20with%20the%20best%20book%3B%20seek%20sidelights%20from%20the%20others%3B%20have%20no%20favourites&f=false

„Cuando percibas una verdad, busca la verdad equilibrada.“

—  Lord Acton

Original: «When you perceive a truth, look for the balancing truth».
Fuente: Thompson, Kenneth W. Traditions and Values in Politics and Diplomacy: Theory and Practice. Political Traditions in Foreign Policy Series. Editorial LSU Press, 1992. ISBN 9780807117460. Página 175. https://books.google.es/books?id=GgMNY_7j8ukC&pg=PA175&dq=When+you+perceive+a+truth,+look+for+the+balancing+truth.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj4n6bK_-PfAhWJMBQKHeQLDHUQ6AEILzAB#v=onepage&q=When%20you%20perceive%20a%20truth%2C%20look%20for%20the%20balancing%20truth.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„Aprende tanto escribiendo como leyendo.“

—  Lord Acton

Original: «Learn as much by writing as by reading».
Fuente: Kundtz, David. Quiet Mind: One Minute Mindfulness. Colaborador Steven Harrison. Editorial Conari Press, 2003. ISBN 9781609250065. https://books.google.es/books?id=MY6QO42KvN0C&pg=PT64&dq=Learn+as+much+by+writing+as+by+reading.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqjuy7_ePfAhUnBGMBHY1yCNcQ6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=Learn%20as%20much%20by%20writing%20as%20by%20reading.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„La limitación es esencial a la autoridad, pues un gobierno sólo es legítimo si está efectivamente limitado.“

—  Lord Acton

Fuente: Rallo, Juan Ramón. Una revolución liberal para España: Anatomía de un país libre y próspero: ¿cómo sería y qué beneficios obtendríamos?. Editorial Grupo Planeta Spain, 2014. ISBN 9788423418992.

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„El poder tiende a corromper, el poder absoluto corrompe absolutamente. Los grandes hombres son casi siempre malos, incluso cuando ejercen influencia y no autoridad: aún más cuando superas la tendencia o la certeza de corrupción por autoridad.“

—  Lord Acton

Original: «Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority».
Fuente: Hill, Roland. Lord Acton. Edición ilustrada. Editorial Yale University Press, 2000. ISBN 9780300129809. Página 300. https://books.google.es/books?id=K6haxnN0GX8C&pg=PA300&dq=Power+tends+to+corrupt,+and+absolute+power+corrupts+absolutely.+Great+men+are+almost+always+bad+men.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjf7fzC_uPfAhUF0uAKHaVXCm4Q6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Power%20tends%20to%20corrupt%2C%20and%20absolute%20power%20corrupts%20absolutely.%20Great%20men%20are%20almost%20always%20bad%20men.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Letter http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1407&Itemid=283 to Mandell Creighton (5 April 1887), published in Historical Essays and Studies, by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton (1907), edited by John Neville Figgis and Reginald Vere Laurence, Appendix, p. 504; also in Essays on Freedom and Power (1972)
Paraphrased variant: All power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
Contexto: I cannot accept your canon that we are to judge Pope and King unlike other men, with a favorable presumption that they did no wrong. If there is any presumption it is the other way against holders of power, increasing as the power increases. Historic responsibility has to make up for the want of legal responsibility. Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority. There is no worse heresy than that the office sanctifies the holder of it. That is the point at which the negation of Catholicism and the negation of Liberalism meet and keep high festival, and the end learns to justify the means.

„Seeing how little was done by the wisdom of former times for education and public health, for insurance, association, and savings, for the protection of labour against the law of self-interest, and how much has been accomplished in this generation, there is reason in the fixed belief that a great change was needed, and that democracy has not striven in vain. Liberty, for the mass, is not happiness; and institutions are not an end but a means.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Review of Democracy in Europe (1878)
Contexto: The manifest, the avowed difficulty is that democracy, no less than monarchy or aristocracy, sacrifices everything to maintain itself, and strives, with an energy and a plausibility that kings and nobles cannot attain, to override representation, to annul all the forces of resistance and deviation, and to secure, by Plebiscite, Referendum, or Caucus, free play for the will of the majority. The true democratic principle, that none shall have power over the people, is taken to mean that none shall be able to restrain or to elude its power. The true democratic principle, that the people shall not be made to do what it does not like, is taken to mean that it shall never be required to tolerate what it does not like. The true democratic principle, that every man‘s free will shall be as unfettered as possible, is taken to mean that the free will of the collective people shall be fettered in nothing. Religious toleration, judicial independence, dread of centralisation, jealousy of State interference, become obstacles to freedom instead of safeguards, when the centralised force of the State is wielded by the hands of the people. Democracy claims to be not only supreme, without authority above, but absolute, without independence below; to be its own master, not a trustee. The old sovereigns of the world are exchanged for a new one, who may be flattered and deceived, but whom it is impossible to corrupt or to resist, and to whom must be rendered the things that are Caesar's and also the things that are God’s. The enemy to be overcome is no longer the absolutism of the State, but the liberty of the subject. Nothing is more significant than the relish with which Ferrari, the most powerful democratic writer since Rousseau, enumerates the merits of tyrants, and prefers devils to saints in the interest of the community.
For the old notions of civil liberty and of social order did not benefit the masses of the people. Wealth increased, without relieving their wants. The progress of knowledge left them in abject ignorance. Religion flourished, but failed to reach them. Society, whose laws were made by the upper class alone, announced that the best thing for the poor is not to be born, and the next best to die in childhood, and suffered them to live in misery and crime and pain. As surely as the long reign of the rich has been employed in promoting the accumulation of wealth, the advent of the poor to power will be followed by schemes for diffusing it. Seeing how little was done by the wisdom of former times for education and public health, for insurance, association, and savings, for the protection of labour against the law of self-interest, and how much has been accomplished in this generation, there is reason in the fixed belief that a great change was needed, and that democracy has not striven in vain. Liberty, for the mass, is not happiness; and institutions are not an end but a means. The thing they seek is a force sufficient to sweep away scruples and the obstacle of rival interests, and, in some degree, to better their condition. They mean that the strong hand that heretofore has formed great States, protected religions, and defended the independence of nations, shall help them by preserving life, and endowing it for them with some, at least, of the things men live for. That is the notorious danger of modern democracy. That is also its purpose and its strength. And against this threatening power the weapons that struck down other despots do not avail. The greatest happiness principle positively confirms it. The principle of equality, besides being as easily applied to property as to power, opposes the existence of persons or groups of persons exempt from the common law, and independent of the common will; and the principle, that authority is a matter of contract, may hold good against kings, but not against the sovereign people, because a contract implies two parties.

„There are two things which cannot be attacked in front: ignorance and narrow-mindedness.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Contexto: There are two things which cannot be attacked in front: ignorance and narrow-mindedness. They can only be shaken by the simple development of the contrary qualities. They will not bear discussion.

Letter (23 January 1861), published in Lord Acton and his Circle (1906) by Abbot Francis Aidan Gasquet, Letter 74

„There is no error so monstrous that it fails to find defenders among the ablest men.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Letter to Mary Gladstone (1881)
Contexto: There is no error so monstrous that it fails to find defenders among the ablest men. Imagine a congress of eminent celebrities, such as More, Bacon, Grotius, Pascal, Cromwell, Bossuet, Montesquieu, Jefferson, Napoleon, Pitt, etc. The result would be an Encyclopedia of Error.

„The result would be an Encyclopedia of Error.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Letter to Mary Gladstone (1881)
Contexto: There is no error so monstrous that it fails to find defenders among the ablest men. Imagine a congress of eminent celebrities, such as More, Bacon, Grotius, Pascal, Cromwell, Bossuet, Montesquieu, Jefferson, Napoleon, Pitt, etc. The result would be an Encyclopedia of Error.

„The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to govern. Every class is unfit to govern.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Letter to Mary Gladstone (1881)
Contexto: The danger is not that a particular class is unfit to govern. Every class is unfit to govern. The law of liberty tends to abolish the reign of race over race, of faith over faith, of class over class.

„The history of institutions is often a history of deception and illusions“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

The History of Freedom in Antiquity (1877)
Contexto: The history of institutions is often a history of deception and illusions; for their virtue depends on the ideas that produce and on the spirit that preserves them, and the form may remain unaltered when the substance has passed away.<!--p.2

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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