Frases de Lord Acton

Lord Acton Foto
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Lord Acton

Fecha de nacimiento: 10. Enero 1834
Fecha de muerte: 19. Junio 1902

John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1.er Barón Acton, KCVO , conocido como Lord Acton, fue un historiador y político inglés. Católico y liberal,[1]​ es famoso por haber acuñado el conocido aforismo «El poder tiende a corromper y el poder absoluto corrompe absolutamente» .[2]​

Obras

„No te conformes con el mejor libro; busca las luces de los demás; no tengas favoritos.“

—  Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History

Original: «Be not content with the best book; seek sidelights from the others; have no favourites».
Fuente: Lectures on Modern History. John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag, 2016. ISBN 9783849646127. https://books.google.es/books?id=u_xBDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT30&dq=Judge+talent+at+its+best+but+character+at+its+worst.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1-92AgeTfAhWnBGMBHSrIAgkQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Be%20not%20content%20with%20the%20best%20book%3B%20seek%20sidelights%20from%20the%20others%3B%20have%20no%20favourites&f=false

„Aprende tanto escribiendo como leyendo.“

—  Lord Acton

Original: «Learn as much by writing as by reading».
Fuente: Kundtz, David. Quiet Mind: One Minute Mindfulness. Colaborador Steven Harrison. Editorial Conari Press, 2003. ISBN 9781609250065. https://books.google.es/books?id=MY6QO42KvN0C&pg=PT64&dq=Learn+as+much+by+writing+as+by+reading.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiqjuy7_ePfAhUnBGMBHY1yCNcQ6AEIKzAA#v=onepage&q=Learn%20as%20much%20by%20writing%20as%20by%20reading.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„Sospecha del poder más que del vicio y estudia los problemas con preferencia a los períodos.“

—  Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History

Original: «Suspect power more than vice, and study problems in preference to periods».
Fuente: Lectures on Modern History. John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag, 2016. ISBN 9783849646127. https://books.google.es/books?id=u_xBDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT30&dq=Judge+talent+at+its+best+but+character+at+its+worst.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1-92AgeTfAhWnBGMBHSrIAgkQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Judge%20talent%20at%20its%20best%20but%20character%20at%20its%20worst.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„Juzga el talento en su mejor momento, pero el carácter en el peor.“

—  Lord Acton, Lectures on Modern History

Original: «Judge talent at its best but character at its worst».
Fuente: Lectures on Modern History. John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag, 2016. ISBN 9783849646127. https://books.google.es/books?id=u_xBDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT30&dq=Judge+talent+at+its+best+but+character+at+its+worst.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1-92AgeTfAhWnBGMBHSrIAgkQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Judge%20talent%20at%20its%20best%20but%20character%20at%20its%20worst.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

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„El poder tiende a corromper, el poder absoluto corrompe absolutamente. Los grandes hombres son casi siempre malos, incluso cuando ejercen influencia y no autoridad: aún más cuando superas la tendencia o la certeza de corrupción por autoridad.“

—  Lord Acton

Original: «Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you superadd the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority».
Fuente: Hill, Roland. Lord Acton. Edición ilustrada. Editorial Yale University Press, 2000. ISBN 9780300129809. Página 300. https://books.google.es/books?id=K6haxnN0GX8C&pg=PA300&dq=Power+tends+to+corrupt,+and+absolute+power+corrupts+absolutely.+Great+men+are+almost+always+bad+men.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjf7fzC_uPfAhUF0uAKHaVXCm4Q6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Power%20tends%20to%20corrupt%2C%20and%20absolute%20power%20corrupts%20absolutely.%20Great%20men%20are%20almost%20always%20bad%20men.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„La limitación es esencial a la autoridad, pues un gobierno sólo es legítimo si está efectivamente limitado.“

—  Lord Acton

Fuente: Rallo, Juan Ramón. Una revolución liberal para España: Anatomía de un país libre y próspero: ¿cómo sería y qué beneficios obtendríamos?. Editorial Grupo Planeta Spain, 2014. ISBN 9788423418992.

„Cuando percibas una verdad, busca la verdad equilibrada.“

—  Lord Acton

Original: «When you perceive a truth, look for the balancing truth».
Fuente: Thompson, Kenneth W. Traditions and Values in Politics and Diplomacy: Theory and Practice. Political Traditions in Foreign Policy Series. Editorial LSU Press, 1992. ISBN 9780807117460. Página 175. https://books.google.es/books?id=GgMNY_7j8ukC&pg=PA175&dq=When+you+perceive+a+truth,+look+for+the+balancing+truth.+Lord+Acton&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj4n6bK_-PfAhWJMBQKHeQLDHUQ6AEILzAB#v=onepage&q=When%20you%20perceive%20a%20truth%2C%20look%20for%20the%20balancing%20truth.%20Lord%20Acton&f=false

„At all times sincere friends of freedom have been rare, and its triumphs have been due to minorities, that have prevailed by associating themselves with auxiliaries whose objects often differed from their own;“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

The History of Freedom in Antiquity (1877)
Contexto: At all times sincere friends of freedom have been rare, and its triumphs have been due to minorities, that have prevailed by associating themselves with auxiliaries whose objects often differed from their own; and this association, which is always dangerous, has been sometimes disastrous, by giving to opponents just grounds of opposition, and by kindling dispute over the spoils in the hour of success.<!--p. 1

„Atrocious deeds were done, in which religious passion was often the instrument, but policy was the motive.
Fanaticism displays itself in the masses; but the masses were rarely fanaticised; and the crimes ascribed to it were commonly due to the calculations of dispassionate politicians.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

The History of Freedom in Christianity (1877)
Contexto: Nations eagerly invested their rulers with every prerogative needed to preserve their faith, and all the care to keep Church and State asunder, and to prevent the confusion of their powers, which had been the work of ages, was renounced in the intensity of the crisis. Atrocious deeds were done, in which religious passion was often the instrument, but policy was the motive.
Fanaticism displays itself in the masses; but the masses were rarely fanaticised; and the crimes ascribed to it were commonly due to the calculations of dispassionate politicians.

„I have reached the end of my time, and have hardly come to the beginning of my task.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

The History of Freedom in Christianity (1877)
Contexto: I have reached the end of my time, and have hardly come to the beginning of my task. In the ages of which I have spoken, the history of freedom was the history of the thing that was not. But since the Declaration of Independence, or, to speak more justly, since the Spaniards, deprived of their king, made a new government for themselves, the only known forms of Liberty, Republics and Constitutional Monarchy, have made their way over the world.

„From that time it became possible to make politics a matter of principle and of conscience, so that men and nations differing in all other things could live in peace together, under the sanctions of a common law.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

The History of Freedom in Christianity (1877)
Contexto: The French philosopher Charron was one of the men least demoralised by party spirit, and least blinded by zeal for a cause. In a passage almost literally taken from St. Thomas, he describes our subordination under the law of nature, to which all legislation must conform; and he ascertains it not by the light of revealed religion, but by the voice of universal reason, through which God enlightens the consciences of men. Upon this foundation Grotius drew the lines of real political science. In gathering the materials of International law, he had to go beyond national treaties and denominational interests, for a principle embracing all mankind. The principles of law must stand, he said, even if we suppose that there is no God. By these inaccurate terms he meant that they must be found independently of Revelation. From that time it became possible to make politics a matter of principle and of conscience, so that men and nations differing in all other things could live in peace together, under the sanctions of a common law.

„It is bad to be oppressed by a minority, but it is worse to be oppressed by a majority. For there is a reserve of latent power in the masses which, if it is called into play, the minority can seldom resist.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

The History of Freedom in Antiquity (1877)
Contexto: It is bad to be oppressed by a minority, but it is worse to be oppressed by a majority. For there is a reserve of latent power in the masses which, if it is called into play, the minority can seldom resist. But from the absolute will of an entire people there is no appeal, no redemption, no refuge but treason.

„Put conscience above both system and success.“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Postscript of letter to Mandell Creighton (5 April 1887), puplished in Historical Essays and Studies, by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton (1907), edited by John Neville Figgis and Reginald Vere Laurence, Appendix, p. 505 http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=2201&chapter=203934&layout=html&Itemid=27
Contexto: ADVICE TO PERSONS ABOUT TO WRITE HISTORY — DON’T
In the Moral Sciences Prejudice is Dishonesty.
A Historian has to fight against temptations special to his mode of life, temptations from Country, Class, Church, College, Party, Authority of talents, solicitation of friends.
The most respectable of these influences are the most dangerous.
The historian who neglects to root them out is exactly like a juror who votes according to his personal likes or dislikes.
In judging men and things Ethics go before Dogma, Politics or Nationality. The Ethics of History cannot be denominational.
Judge not according to the orthodox standard of a system religious, philosophical, political, but according as things promote, or fail to promote the delicacy, integrity, and authority of Conscience.
Put conscience above both system and success.
History provides neither compensation for suffering nor penalties for wrong.

„ADVICE TO PERSONS ABOUT TO WRITE HISTORY — DON’T“

—  John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton

Postscript of letter to Mandell Creighton (5 April 1887), puplished in Historical Essays and Studies, by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton (1907), edited by John Neville Figgis and Reginald Vere Laurence, Appendix, p. 505 http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=2201&chapter=203934&layout=html&Itemid=27
Contexto: ADVICE TO PERSONS ABOUT TO WRITE HISTORY — DON’T
In the Moral Sciences Prejudice is Dishonesty.
A Historian has to fight against temptations special to his mode of life, temptations from Country, Class, Church, College, Party, Authority of talents, solicitation of friends.
The most respectable of these influences are the most dangerous.
The historian who neglects to root them out is exactly like a juror who votes according to his personal likes or dislikes.
In judging men and things Ethics go before Dogma, Politics or Nationality. The Ethics of History cannot be denominational.
Judge not according to the orthodox standard of a system religious, philosophical, political, but according as things promote, or fail to promote the delicacy, integrity, and authority of Conscience.
Put conscience above both system and success.
History provides neither compensation for suffering nor penalties for wrong.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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