Frases de Rollo May

Rollo May Foto
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Rollo May

Fecha de nacimiento: 21. Abril 1909
Fecha de muerte: 22. Octubre 1994

Rollo May fue un psicólogo y psicoterapeuta existencialista estadounidense. Pionero de la psicología y psicoterapia existencial en América. Aunque con frecuencia se le asocia con la psicología humanista, se diferencia de otros psicólogos humanistas como Maslow o Rogers al mostrar un entendimiento más agudo de las dimensiones trágicas de la existencia humana. Era un amigo cercano del teólogo Paul Tillich.

Frases Rollo May

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Citát „Civilization begins with a rebellion.“

„Civilization begins with a rebellion.“

—  Rollo May

Fuente: Power and Innocence (1972), Ch. 11 : The Humanity of the Rebel
Contexto: Civilization begins with a rebellion. Prometheus, one of the Titans, steals fire from the gods on Mount Olympus and brings it as a gift to man, marking the birth of human culture. For this rebellion Zeus sentences him to be chained to Mount Caucasus where vultures consume his liver during the day and at night it grows back only to be again eaten away the next day. This is a tale of the agony of the creative individual, whose nightly rest only resuscitates him so that he can endure his agonies the next day.

„He is drawn to the unquiet minds and spirits, for he shares their everlasting inability to accept stultifying control.“

—  Rollo May

Fuente: Power and Innocence (1972), Ch. 11 : The Humanity of the Rebel
Contexto: I must make the important distinction between the rebel and the revolutionary. One is in ineradicable opposition to the other. The revolutionary seeks an external political change, "the overthrow or renunciation of one government or ruler and the substitution of another." The origin of the term is the word revolve, literally meaning a turnover, as the revolution of a wheel. When the conditions under a given government are insufferable some groups may seek to break down that government in the conviction that any new form cannot but be better. Many revolutions, however, simply substitute one kind of government for another, the second no better than the first — which leaves the individual citizen, who has had to endure the inevitable anarchy between the two, worse off than before. Revolution may do more harm than good.
The rebel, on the other hand, is "one who opposes authority or restraint: one who breaks with established custom or tradition." … He seeks above all an internal change, a change in the attitudes, emotions, and outlook of the people to whom he is devoted. He often seems to be temperamentally unable to accept success and the ease it brings; he kicks against the pricks, and when one frontier is conquered, he soon becomes ill-at-ease and pushes on to the new frontier. He is drawn to the unquiet minds and spirits, for he shares their everlasting inability to accept stultifying control. He may, as Socrates did, refer to himself as the gadfly for the state — the one who keeps the state from settling down into a complacency, which is the first step toward decadance. No matter how much the rebel gives the appearance of being egocentric or of being on an "ego trip," this is a delusion; inwardly the authentic rebel is anything but brash.

„All life is a flux between these two aspects of the daimonic.“

—  Rollo May, libro Love and Will

Fuente: Love and Will (1969), p. 123
Contexto: The daimonic is is obviously not an an entity but refers to a fundamental, archetypal function of human experience — an existential reality in modern man, and, as far as we know, in all men.
The daimonic is the urge in every being to affirm itself, assert itself, perpetuate and increase itself. The daimonic becomes evil when it usurps the total self without regard to the integration of that self, or to the unique forms and desires of others and their need for integration. It then appears in excessive aggression, hostility, cruelty — the things about ourselves which horrify us most, and which we repress whenever we can or, more likely, project on others. But these are the reverse side of the same assertion which empowers our creativity. All life is a flux between these two aspects of the daimonic. We can repress the daimonic, but we cannot avoid the toll of apathy and the tendency toward later explosion which such repression brings in its wake.

„Many people feel they are powerless to do anything effective with their lives.“

—  Rollo May

As quoted in Think and Grow Rich : A Black Choice (1991) by Dennis Kimbro and Napoleon Hill, p. 104
Contexto: Many people feel they are powerless to do anything effective with their lives. It takes courage to break out of the settled mold, but most find conformity more comfortable. This is why the opposite of courage in our society is not cowardice, it's conformity.

„It requires greater courage to preserve inner freedom, to move on in one's inward journey into new realms, than to stand defiantly for outer freedom.“

—  Rollo May

Fuente: Man’s Search for Himself (1953), p. 174
Contexto: It requires greater courage to preserve inner freedom, to move on in one's inward journey into new realms, than to stand defiantly for outer freedom. It is often easier to play the martyr, as it is to be rash in battle. Strange as it sounds, steady, patient growth in freedom is probably the most difficult task of all, requiring the greatest courage. Thus if the term "hero" is used in this discussion at all, it must refer not to the special acts of outstanding persons, but to the heroic element potentially in every man.

„Art is a substitute for violence.“

—  Rollo May

Fuente: Power and Innocence (1972), Ch. 11 : The Humanity of the Rebel
Contexto: Art is a substitute for violence. The same impulses that drive persons to violence — the hunger for meaning, the need for ecstasy, the impulse to risk all — drive the artist to create. He is by nature our archrebel. … the essence of the rebellion is in the new way of seeing nature and life.

„This is why the opposite of courage in our society is not cowardice, it's conformity.“

—  Rollo May

As quoted in Think and Grow Rich : A Black Choice (1991) by Dennis Kimbro and Napoleon Hill, p. 104
Contexto: Many people feel they are powerless to do anything effective with their lives. It takes courage to break out of the settled mold, but most find conformity more comfortable. This is why the opposite of courage in our society is not cowardice, it's conformity.

„Creativity arises out of the tension between spontaneity and limitations“

—  Rollo May

Fuente: The Courage to Create (1975), Ch. 6 : On the Limits of Creativity, p. 115
Contexto: Creativity arises out of the tension between spontaneity and limitations, the latter (like the river banks) forcing the spontaneity into the various forms which are essential to the work of art or poem.

„We are more apt to feel depressed by the perpetually smiling individual than the one who is honestly sad.“

—  Rollo May

Paulus : Reminiscences of a Friendship (1973)
Contexto: We are more apt to feel depressed by the perpetually smiling individual than the one who is honestly sad. If we admit our depression openly and freely, those around us get from it an experience of freedom rather than the depression itself.

„The daimonic arises from the ground of being rather than the self as such.“

—  Rollo May, libro Love and Will

Fuente: Love and Will (1969), p. 123
Contexto: The daimonic refers to the power of nature rather than the superego, and is beyond good and evil. Nor is it man's 'recall to himself' as Heidegger and later Fromm have argued, for its source lies in those realms where the self is rooted in natural forces which go beyond the self and are felt as the grasp of fate upon us. The daimonic arises from the ground of being rather than the self as such.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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