Frases de Rollo May

Rollo May Foto
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Rollo May

Fecha de nacimiento: 21. Abril 1909
Fecha de muerte: 22. Octubre 1994

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Rollo May , psicólogo y psicoterapeuta existencialista estadounidense. Pionero de la psicología y psicoterapia existencial en América. Aunque con frecuencia se le asocia con la psicología humanista, se diferencia de otros psicólogos humanistas como Maslow o Rogers al mostrar un entendimiento más agudo de las dimensiones trágicas de la existencia humana. May era un amigo cercano del teólogo Paul Tillich.

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Frases Rollo May

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„Communication leads to community“

—  Rollo May
Context: Communication leads to community — that is, to understanding, intimacy, and the mutual valuing that was previously lacking. Community can be defined simply as a group in which free conversation can take place. Community is where I can share my innermost thoughts, bring out the depths of my own feelings, and know they will be understood. Ch. 12 : Toward New Community

„Civilization begins with a rebellion.“

—  Rollo May
Context: Civilization begins with a rebellion. Prometheus, one of the Titans, steals fire from the gods on Mount Olympus and brings it as a gift to man, marking the birth of human culture. For this rebellion Zeus sentences him to be chained to Mount Caucasus where vultures consume his liver during the day and at night it grows back only to be again eaten away the next day. This is a tale of the agony of the creative individual, whose nightly rest only resuscitates him so that he can endure his agonies the next day. Ch. 11 : The Humanity of the Rebel

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„Aeschylus is not impersonal but transpersonal, a believer in fate and moral responsibility at the same time.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The daimonic power does not merely take the individual over as its victim, but works through him psychologically, it clouds his judgment, makes it harder for him to see reality, but still leaves him with the responsibility for the act. This is the age old dilemma of my own personal responsibility even though I am ruled by fate. It is the ultimate statement that truth and reality are psychologized only to a limited extent. Aeschylus is not impersonal but transpersonal, a believer in fate and moral responsibility at the same time. p. 136

„Many people feel they are powerless to do anything effective with their lives.“

—  Rollo May
Context: Many people feel they are powerless to do anything effective with their lives. It takes courage to break out of the settled mold, but most find conformity more comfortable. This is why the opposite of courage in our society is not cowardice, it's conformity. As quoted in Think and Grow Rich : A Black Choice (1991) by Dennis Kimbro and Napoleon Hill, p. 104

„People attain worth and dignity by the multitude of decisions they make from day by day. These decisions require courage.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The acorn becomes an oak by means of automatic growth; no commitment is necessary. The kitten similarly becomes a cat on the basis of instinct. Nature and being are identical in creatures like them. But a man or woman becomes fully human only by his or her choices and his or her commitment to them. People attain worth and dignity by the multitude of decisions they make from day by day. These decisions require courage. Ch. 1 : The Courage to Create, p. 21

„This may be the particular “neurotic personality of our time” – the neurotic pattern of contemporary “outer directed” organizational man.“

—  Rollo May
Context: Certainly the neurotic, anxious child is compulsively concerned with security, for example; and certainly the neurotic adult, and we who study him, read our later formulations back in the unsuspecting mind of the child. But is not the normal child just as truly interested in moving out into the world, exploring, following his curiosity and sense of adventure- going out “to learn to shiver and to shake,: as the nursery rhyme puts it? And if you block these needs of the child, you get a traumatic reaction from him just as you do when you take away his security. I, for one, believe we vastly overemphasize the human being’s concern with security and survival satisfaction because they so neatly fit our cause-and-effect way of thinking. I believe Nietzsche and Kierkegaard were more accurate when they described man as the organism makes certain values — prestige, power, tenderness — more important than pleasure and even more important than survival itself. My thesis here is that we can understand repression, for example, only on the deeper level of meaning of the human being’s potentialities. In this respect, “being” is to be defined as the individual’s “pattern of potentialities.” … in my work in psychotherapy there appears more and more evidence that anxiety in our day arises not so much out of fear of lack of libidinal satisfactions or security, but rather out of the patient’s fear of his own powers, and the conflicts that arise from that fear. This may be the particular “neurotic personality of our time” – the neurotic pattern of contemporary “outer directed” organizational man. p. 17

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