Frases de William Gladstone

William Gladstone Foto
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William Gladstone

Fecha de nacimiento: 29. Diciembre 1809
Fecha de muerte: 19. Mayo 1898
Otros nombres: 威廉格萊斯頓

William Ewart Gladstone fue un político liberal británico. Primero fue miembro de la Cámara de los Comunes del Reino Unido y luego ocupó varios cargos en el gobierno de Su Majestad. Fue líder del Partido Liberal en los periodos de 1866-1875 y 1880-1894, y llegó a ser Primer Ministro del Reino Unido en cuatro ocasiones: de 1868 a 1874, de 1880 a 1885, en 1886, y de 1892 a 1894.

Fue uno de los estadistas más célebres de la época victoriana, rival de Disraeli, y aún se lo considera uno de los más importantes primeros ministros que ha tenido el Reino Unido; Winston Churchill lo citaba como inspirador suyo. Wikipedia

„Podemos tener nuestras propias opiniones sobre la esclavitud; Podemos estar a favor o en contra del Sur. Pero no hay duda de que Jefferson Davis y otros líderes del Sur han reunido un ejército; están creando, al parecer, una marina; y han establecido lo que es más que cualquiera de las dos cosas anteriores, han fundado una Nación. Podemos anticipar con certeza el éxito de los Estados del Sur hasta el momento de su separación del Norte. No puedo menos de creer que ese evento es tan cierto como cualquier otro a pesar de que pueda ser contingente.“

—  William Gladstone

Original: «We may have our own opinions about slavery; we may be for or against the South. But there is no doubt that Jefferson Davis and other leaders of the South have made an Army; they are making, it appears, a Navy; and they have made what is more than either — they have made a Nation... We may anticipate with certainty the success of the Southern States so far as regards their separation from the North. I cannot but believe that that event is as certain as any event yet and contingent can be».
Fuente: The Case of the United States, to be Laid Before the Tribunal of Arbitration: To be Convened at Geneva Under the Provisions of the Treaty Between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, Concluded at Washington, May 8, 1871. Autores United States, John Chandler Bancroft Davis. Colaborador Geneva Arbitration Tribunal. Editorial U.S. Government Printing Office, 1872. Procedencia del original: Universidad de California. Digitalizado: 12 marzo 2009. p. 41.
Fuente: Discurso sobre la Guerra Civil Americana, Ayuntamiento, Newcastle upon Tyne (7 de octubre de 1862).

„No podemos luchar contra el futuro. El tiempo está de su parte.“

—  William Gladstone

Fuente: Manso Coronado, Francisco J. Diccionario enciclopédico de estrategia empresarial. Edición ilustrada. Ediciones Díaz de Santos, 2003. ISBN 9788479785659, p. 222.

„Quiero decir esto, que junto con el llamado aumento de los gastos crece lo que se puede denominar un espíritu que insensiblemente e inconscientemente tal vez afecta al espíritu del pueblo, al espíritu del parlamento, al espíritu de los departamentos públicos, y tal vez incluso el espíritu de aquellos cuyo deber es presentar las estimaciones al parlamento.“

—  William Gladstone

Original: «I mean this, that together with the so-called increase of expenditure there grows up what may be termed a spirit which, insensibly and unconsciously perhaps, but really, affects the spirit of the people, the spirit of parliament, the spirit of the public departments, and perhaps even the spirit of those whose duty it is to submit the estimates to parliament».
Fuente: Discurso en la Cámara de los Comunes del 16 de abril de 1863.

Esta traducción está esperando su revisión. ¿Es correcto?

„El comercio es el igualador de las riquezas en las naciones.“

—  William Gladstone

Fuente: Escandón, Rafael, Escandón, Ralph. Frases célebres para toda ocasión. Editorial Diana, 1982. ISBN 978-96-8131-285-5, p. 68.

„La economía es el primer y gran artículo (la economía tal y como yo la entiendo) en mi credo financiero. La controversia entre la fiscalidad directa e indirecta tiene un lugar menor, aunque importante.“

—  William Gladstone

Original: «Economy is the first and great article (economy such as I understand it) in my financial creed. The controversy between direct and indirect taxation holds a minor, though important place».
Fuente: Citado en Hirst, Francis Wrigley. Gladstone as Financier and Economist. Editorial E. Benn limited, 1931. p. 241.
Fuente: Carta de 1859 a su hermano Robertson que presidía la Asociación de Reforma Financiera en Liverpool.

„La decisión por mayorías es tan conveniente como la iluminación por el gas.“

—  William Gladstone

Original: «Decision by majorities is as much an expedient as lighting by gas».
Fuente: Chatturvedi, J. C. (editor). Political Governance: Political theory. Editorial Gyan Publishing House, 2005. ISBN 9788182053175, p. 137.
Fuente: Discurso ante la Cámara de los Comunes en 1858.

„Estoy convencido, por experiencia, de la inmensa ventaja de la estricta contabilidad en los primeros años de la vida. Es como aprender la gramática entonces, y que, una vez aprendida, no necesita ser referida después.“

—  William Gladstone

Original: «I am certain, from experience, of the immense advantage of strict account-keeping in early life. It is just like learning the grammar then, which when once learned need not be referred to afterwards».
Fuente: Citado en Hirst, Francis Wrigley. Gladstone as Financier and Economist. Editorial E. Benn limited, 1931, p. 241.
Fuente: Carta a su esposa de 14 de enero de 1860.

„It comes to this, that you are increasing your engagements without increasing your strength; and if you increase your engagements without increasing strength, you diminish strength, you abolish strength; you really reduce the empire and do not increase it.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Speech in West Calder, Scotland (27 November 1879), quoted in W. E. Gladstone, Midlothian Speeches 1879 (Leicester University Press, 1971), p. 116.
1870s
Contexto: My fourth principle is—that you should avoid needless and entangling engagements. You may boast about them, you may brag about them, you may say you are procuring consideration of the country. You may say that an Englishman may now hold up his head among the nations. But what does all this come to, gentlemen? It comes to this, that you are increasing your engagements without increasing your strength; and if you increase your engagements without increasing strength, you diminish strength, you abolish strength; you really reduce the empire and do not increase it. You render it less capable of performing its duties; you render it an inheritance less precious to hand on to future generations.

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„Here is my first principle of foreign policy: good government at home.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Speech in West Calder, Scotland (27 November 1879), quoted in W. E. Gladstone, Midlothian Speeches 1879 (Leicester University Press, 1971), p. 115.
1870s
Contexto: Here is my first principle of foreign policy: good government at home. My second principle of foreign policy is this—that its aim ought to be to preserve to the nations of the world—and especially, were it but for shame, when we recollect the sacred name we bear as Christians, especially to the Christian nations of the world—the blessings of peace. That is my second principle.

„Ireland, Ireland! That cloud in the west! That coming storm!“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Letter to his wife, Catherine Gladstone (12 October 1845), quoted in John Morley, The Life of Wiliam Ewart Gladstone: Volume I (London: Macmillan, 1903), p. 383.
1840s
Contexto: Ireland, Ireland! That cloud in the west! That coming storm! That minister of God's retribution upon cruel, inveterate, and but half-atoned injustice! Ireland forces upon us those great social and great religious questions— God grant that we may have courage to look them in the face, and to work through them.

„There should be a sympathy with freedom, a desire to give it scope, founded not upon visionary ideas, but upon the long experience of many generations within the shores of this happy isle, that in freedom you lay the firmest foundations both of loyalty and order; the firmest foundations for the development of individual character; and the best provision for the happiness of the nation at large.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Speech in West Calder, Scotland (27 November 1879), quoted in W. E. Gladstone, Midlothian Speeches 1879 (Leicester University Press, 1971), p. 117.
1870s
Contexto: [My sixth principle is that] the foreign policy of England should always be inspired by the love of freedom. There should be a sympathy with freedom, a desire to give it scope, founded not upon visionary ideas, but upon the long experience of many generations within the shores of this happy isle, that in freedom you lay the firmest foundations both of loyalty and order; the firmest foundations for the development of individual character; and the best provision for the happiness of the nation at large.

„All the people who pretend to take your own concerns out of your own hands and to do everything for you, I won't say they are imposters; I won't even say they are quacks; but I do say they are mistaken people.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Speech to the Hawarden Amateur Horticultural Society (17 August 1876), as quoted in "Mr. Gladstone On Cottage Gardening", The Times (18 August 1876), p. 9
1870s
Contexto: I am delighted to see how many young boys and girls have come forward to obtain honourable marks of recognition on this occasion, — if any effectual good is to be done to them, it must be done by teaching and encouraging them and helping them to help themselves. All the people who pretend to take your own concerns out of your own hands and to do everything for you, I won't say they are imposters; I won't even say they are quacks; but I do say they are mistaken people. The only sound, healthy description of countenancing and assisting these institutions is that which teaches independence and self-exertion... When I say you should help yourselves — and I would encourage every man in every rank of life to rely upon self-help more than on assistance to be got from his neigbours — there is One who helps us all, and without whose help every effort of ours is in vain; and there is nothing that should tend more, and there is nothing that should tend more to make us see the beneficence of God Almighty than to see the beauty as well as the usefulness of these flowers, these plants, and these fruits which He causes the earth to bring forth for our comfort and advantage.

„Yes; these are people struggling to be free, and they are struggling rightly to be free.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Speech https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1884/may/12/vote-of-censure in the House of Commons (12 May 1884) during the Mahdist War.
1880s
Contexto: The right hon. Gentleman quoted repeatedly this declaration... to keep [rebellion] out of Egypt it is necessary to put it down in the Soudan; and that is the task the right hon. Gentleman desires to saddle upon England. Now, I tell hon. Gentlemen this—that that task means the reconquest of the Soudan. I put aside for the moment all questions of climate, of distance, of difficulties, of the enormous charges, and all the frightful loss of life. There is something worse than that involved in the plan of the right hon. Gentleman. It would be a war of conquest against a people struggling to be free. ["No, no!"] Yes; these are people struggling to be free, and they are struggling rightly to be free.

„I venture to say that every man who is not presumably incapacitated by some consideration of personal unfitness or of political danger is morally entitled to come within the pale of the Constitution.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Speech https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1864/may/11/second-reading in the House of Commons (11 May 1864)
1860s
Contexto: I venture to say that every man who is not presumably incapacitated by some consideration of personal unfitness or of political danger is morally entitled to come within the pale of the Constitution.... fitness for the franchise, when it is shown to exist—as I say it is shown to exist in the case of a select portion of the working class—is not repelled on sufficient grounds from the portals of the Constitution by the allegation that things are well as they are. I contend, moreover, that persons who have prompted the expression of such sentiments as those to which I have referred, and whom I know to have been Members of the working class, are to be presumed worthy and fit to discharge the duties of citizenship, and that to admission to the discharge of those duties they are well and justly entitled.

„Economy is the first and great article (economy such as I understand it) in my financial creed.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Letter to his brother Robertson of the Financial Reform Association at Liverpool (1859), as quoted in Gladstone as Financier and Economist (1931) by F. W. Hirst, p. 241
1850s
Contexto: Economy is the first and great article (economy such as I understand it) in my financial creed. The controversy between direct and indirect taxation holds a minor, though important place.

„All selfishness is the great curse of the human race“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Speech at Hawarden (28 May 1890), quoted in The Times (29 May 1890), p. 12.
1890s
Contexto: All selfishness is the great curse of the human race, and when we have a real sympathy with other people less happy than ourselves that is a good sign of something like a beginning of deliverance from selfishness.

„To be engaged in opposing wrong affords, under the conditions of our mental constitution, but a slender guarantee for being right.“

—  William Ewart Gladstone

Homeric Synchronism : An Enquiry Into the Time and Place of Homer (1876), Introduction
1870s
Contexto: A rational reaction against the irrational excesses and vagaries of scepticism may, I admit, readily degenerate into the rival folly of credulity. To be engaged in opposing wrong affords, under the conditions of our mental constitution, but a slender guarantee for being right.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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