Frases de Adam Smith

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Adam Smith

Fecha de nacimiento: 5. Junio 1723
Fecha de muerte: 17. Julio 1790

Adam Smith fue un economista y filósofo escocés, uno de los mayores exponentes de la economía clásica.

Adam Smith basaba su ideario en el sentido común. Frente al escepticismo, defendía el acceso cotidiano e inmediato a un mundo exterior independiente de la conciencia. Smith creía que el fundamento de la acción moral no se basa en normas ni en ideas nacionales, sino en sentimientos universales, comunes y propios de todos los seres humanos.

En 1776, publicó La riqueza de las naciones, sosteniendo que la riqueza procede del trabajo de la nación. El libro fue esencialmente un estudio acerca del proceso de creación y acumulación de la riqueza, temas ya abordados por los mercantilistas y fisiócratas, pero sin el carácter científico de la obra de Smith. Gracias a este trabajo, que fue el primer estudio completo y sistemático del tema, Smith se conoce como el padre de la economía.

Frases Adam Smith

„No es por la benevolencia del carnicero, del cervecero y del panadero que podemos contar con nuestra cena, sino por su propio interés.“

—  Adam Smith

Fuente: Citado en Amate Pou, Jordi.Paseando por una parte de la Historia: Antología de citas. Editorial Caligrama, 2017. ISBN 9788417321871. p. 43.
Fuente: La riqueza de las naciones

„No puede haber una sociedad floreciente y feliz cuando la mayor parte de sus miembros son pobres y desdichados.“

—  Adam Smith

Fuente: Smith, Adam.La riqueza de las naciones, Libro I, Capítulo 8: De los salarios del trabajo, página 94.
Fuente: La riqueza de las naciones.

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„En realidad, la atracción o el afecto no son más que simpatía de la costumbre.“

—  Adam Smith

Fuente: Citado en Amate Pou, Jordi.Paseando por una parte de la Historia: Antología de citas. Editorial Caligrama, 2017. ISBN 9788417321871. p. 42.

„They say nothing concerning the bad effects of high profits. They are silent with regard to the pernicious effects of their own gains. They complain only of those of other people.“

—  Adam Smith

Fuente: The Wealth of Nations (1776), Book I, Chapter IX, p. 117.
Contexto: Our merchants and master-manufacturers complain much of the bad effects of high wages in raising the price, and thereby lessening the sale of their goods both at home and abroad. They say nothing concerning the bad effects of high profits. They are silent with regard to the pernicious effects of their own gains. They complain only of those of other people.

„It is reason, principle, conscience, the inhabitant of the breast, the man within, the great judge and arbiter of our conduct.“

—  Adam Smith, libro The Theory of Moral Sentiments

Chap. III.
The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), Part III
Contexto: Let us suppose that the great empire of China, with all its myriads of inhabitants, was suddenly swallowed up by an earthquake, and let us consider how a man of humanity in Europe, who had no sort of connection with that part of the world, would be affected upon receiving intelligence of this dreadful calamity. He would, I imagine, first of all, express very strongly his sorrow for the misfortune of that unhappy people, he would make many melancholy reflections upon the precariousness of human life, and the vanity of all the labours of man, which could thus be annihilated in a moment. He would too, perhaps, if he was a man of speculation, enter into many reasonings concerning the effects which this disaster might produce upon the commerce of Europe, and the trade and business of the world in general. And when all this fine philosophy was over, when all these humane sentiments had been once fairly expressed, he would pursue his business or his pleasure, take his repose or his diversion, with the same ease and tranquillity, as if no such accident had happened. The most frivolous disaster which could befall himself would occasion a more real disturbance. If he was to lose his little finger to-morrow, he would not sleep to-night; but, provided he never saw them, he will snore with the most profound security over the ruin of a hundred millions of his brethren, and the destruction of that immense multitude seems plainly an object less interesting to him, than this paltry misfortune of his own. To prevent, therefore, this paltry misfortune to himself, would a man of humanity be willing to sacrifice the lives of a hundred millions of his brethren, provided he had never seen them? Human nature startles with horror at the thought, and the world, in its greatest depravity and corruption, never produced such a villain as could be capable of entertaining it. But what makes this difference? When our passive feelings are almost always so sordid and so selfish, how comes it that our active principles should often be so generous and so noble? When we are always so much more deeply affected by whatever concerns ourselves, than by whatever concerns other men; what is it which prompts the generous, upon all occasions, and the mean upon many, to sacrifice their own interests to the greater interests of others? It is not the soft power of humanity, it is not that feeble spark of benevolence which Nature has lighted up in the human heart, that is thus capable of counteracting the strongest impulses of self-love. It is a stronger power, a more forcible motive, which exerts itself upon such occasions. It is reason, principle, conscience, the inhabitant of the breast, the man within, the great judge and arbiter of our conduct.

„Europeans rendered an event, which ought to have been beneficial to all, ruinous and destructive to“

—  Adam Smith

Fuente: The Wealth of Nations (1776), Book IV, Chapter I, p. 481.
Contexto: The commodities of Europe were almost all new to America, and many of those of America were new to Europe. A new set of exchanges, therefore, began.. and which should naturally have proved as advantageous to the new, as it certainly did to the old continent. The savage injustice of the Europeans rendered an event, which ought to have been beneficial to all, ruinous and destructive to several of those unfortunate countries.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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