Frases de Arthur Wellesley

Arthur Wellesley Foto
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Arthur Wellesley

Fecha de nacimiento: 1. Mayo 1769
Fecha de muerte: 14. Septiembre 1852
Otros nombres:Arthur Wellesley, I duca di Wellington, Duca di Wellington

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Arthur Wellesley , más conocido, a partir de 1814, por su título de duque de Wellington, fue un militar, político y estadista británico, de origen irlandés, que fue una de las personalidades más notables de la historia europea del siglo XIX, como uno de los más prominentes generales británicos, durante las guerras napoleónicas, particularmente al frente de las tropas anglo-portuguesas en la expulsión de los ejércitos franceses en las tres tentativas de invadir Portugal y en la guerra de la Independencia española, llegando a ser comandante en jefe del Ejército Británico y a ejercer dos veces el cargo de primer ministro del Reino Unido. Fue nombrado caballero de la Orden de la Jarretera, caballero de la Orden de San Patricio, caballero gran cruz de la Orden del Baño, de la Orden Real Güélfica, Miembro de la Royal Society y del Consejo Privado del Reino Unido

Procedente de familia noble . Dos de sus otros hermanos serían además barones . Su destacada actuación en las guerras napoleónicas le valió el rango de mariscal de campo.

Wellesley comandó a las fuerzas aliadas durante la guerra de la Independencia española y en 1812 fue nombrado general en jefe de todas las tropas españolas de la Península.[1]​ y llegó a expulsar al ejército francés de España y a invadir el sur de Francia.

Victorioso y elevado a la condición de héroe en Inglaterra, regresó a Europa para mandar las fuerzas anglo-aliadas en la batalla de Waterloo, tras la cual Napoleón Bonaparte fue exiliado permanentemente a la isla de Santa Elena. Wellington es comparado frecuentemente con el primer duque de Malborough, con el cual compartía muchas características, principalmente la transición a la vida política tras una exitosa carrera militar. Wellington fue primer ministro por el partido tory en dos ocasiones y fue una de las principales figuras de la Cámara de los Lores hasta su retiro en 1846.

El duque de Wellington está considerado como uno de los héroes más aclamados de la historia del Reino Unido. Su fama iguala o incluso supera a figuras tan conocidas como el vicealmirante Horatio Nelson, Winston Churchill o el también mariscal de campo Bernard Montgomery. Su mansión londinense está abierta al público como museo y exhibe los numerosos regalos que recopiló, obras de arte y objetos de lujo, obsequiados por varios gobiernos y casas reales.

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Frases Arthur Wellesley

„It has been a damned serious business“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there. Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."

„It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: It has been a damned serious business... Blucher and I have lost 30,000 men. It has been a damned nice thing — the nearest run thing you ever saw in your life. … By God! I don't think it would have been done if I had not been there. Remark to Thomas Creevey (18 June 1815), using the word nice in an older sense of "uncertain, delicately balanced", about the Battle of Waterloo. Creevy, a civilian, got a public interview with Wellington at headquarters, and quoted the remark in his book Creevey Papers (1903), in Ch. X, on p. 236; the phrase "a damned nice thing" has sometimes been paraphrased as "a damn close-run thing."

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„The history of a battle, is not unlike the history of a ball. Some individuals may recollect all the little events of which the great result is the battle won or lost, but no individual can recollect the order in which, or the exact moment at which, they occurred, which makes all the difference as to their value or importance.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: The history of a battle, is not unlike the history of a ball. Some individuals may recollect all the little events of which the great result is the battle won or lost, but no individual can recollect the order in which, or the exact moment at which, they occurred, which makes all the difference as to their value or importance... Letter to John Croker (8 August 1815), as quoted in The History of England from the Accession of James II (1848) by Thomas Babington Macaulay, Volume I Chapter 5 http://www.worldwideschool.org/library/books/hst/european/TheHistoryofEnglandfromtheAccessionofJamesIIVol1/chap5.html, p. 180.; and in The Waterloo Letters (1891) edited by H. T. Sibome

„Napoleon has humbugged me, by God“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: Napoleon has humbugged me, by God; he has gained twenty-four hours' march on me. At the Duchess of Richmond's ball (15 June 1815), as quoted in Camps, Quarters, and Casual Places http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/9460 (1896) by Archibald Forbes, quotes Captain Bowles account and citing the Letters of the First Earl of Malmesbury.

„Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Context: My heart is broken by the terrible loss I have sustained in my old friends and companions and my poor soldiers. Believe me, nothing except a battle lost can be half so melancholy as a battle won: the bravery of my troops hitherto saved me from the greater evil; but to win such a battle as this of Waterloo, at the expens of so many gallant friends, could only be termed a heavy misfortune but for the result to the public. Letter from the field of Waterloo (June 1815), as quoted in Decisive Battles of the World (1899) by Edward Shepherd Creasy. Quoted too in Memorable Battles in English History: Where Fought, why Fought, and Their Results; with the Military Lives of the Commanders by William Henry Davenport Adams; Editor Griffith and Farran, 1863. p. 400.

„There is no mistake; there has been no mistake; and there shall be no mistake.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
In response to William Huskisson declaring there had been a mistake, and he had not intended to resign, after Wellington chose to interpret a letter to him detailing his obligation to vote for a measure opposed by him as a letter of resignation. As quoted in The Military and Political Life of Arthur Wellesley: Duke of Wellington (1852) by "A Citizen of the World", and in Wellingtoniana (1852), edited by John Timbs.

„The Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
As quoted in The New York Times (26 December 1886), and in Words on Wellington (1889) by Sir William Fraser, this is almost certainly apocryphal. The first attributions of such a remark to Wellington were in De l'Avenir politique de l'Angleterre (1856) by Charles de Montalembert, Ch. 10, where it is stated that on returning to Eton in old age he had said: "C'est ici qu'a été gagnée la bataille de Waterloo." This was afterwards quoted in Self-Help (1859) by Samuel Smiles as "It was there that the Battle of Waterloo was won!" Later in Memoirs of Eminent Etonians (2nd Edition, 1876) by Sir Edward Creasy, he is quoted as saying as he passed groups playing cricket on the playing-fields: "There grows the stuff that won Waterloo." Elizabeth Longford in Wellington — The Years of the Sword (1969) states he "probably never said or thought anything of the kind" and Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington in a letter published in The Times in 1972 is quoted as stating: "During his old age Wellington is recorded to have visited Eton on two occasions only and it is unlikely that he came more often. … Wellington's career at Eton was short and inglorious and, unlike his elder brother, he had no particular affection for the place. … Quite apart from the fact that the authority for attributing the words to Wellington is of the flimsiest description, to anyone who knows his turn of phrase they ring entirely false."

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„I used to say of him that his presence on the field made the difference of forty thousand men.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
On Napoleon Bonaparte, in notes for 2 November 1831; later, in the notes for 18 September 1836, he is quoted as saying:

„Up, Guards, and at them again.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Said at the Battle of Waterloo, as quoted in a letter from a Captain Batty of the Foot Guards (22 June 1815), often misquoted as "Up Guards and at 'em." Wellington himself, years later, declared that he did not know exactly what he had said on the occasion, and doubted that anyone did.

„I am not only not prepared to bring forward any measure of this nature, but I will at once declare that, as far as I am concerned, as long as I hold any station in the Government of the country, I shall always feel it my duty to resist such measures when proposed by others.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Expressing his total opposition to demands for Parliamentary reform in November 1830. Cited in "The House of Lords: A handbook for Liberal speakers, writers and workers" (1910) by Liberal Publication Department, p. 19.

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„Circumstances over which I have no control.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Phrase said to have first been used by Wellington, as quoted in notes for 18 September 1836 I hope you will not think I am deficient in feeling toward you, or that I am wanting in desire to serve you, because the results of my attempts have failed, owing to circumstances over which I have no control. As quoted in The Life and Letters of Lady Hester Stanhope (1914) http://www.archive.org/details/lifelettersoflad00clevuoft edited by Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Powlett, Duchess of Cleveland

„If a gentleman happens to be born in a stable, it does not follow that he should be called a horse.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
As quoted in Genetic Studies in Joyce (1995) by David Hayman and Sam Slote. Though such remarks have often been quoted as Wellington's response on being called Irish, the earliest published sources yet found for similar comments are those about him attributed to an Irish politician: The poor old Duke! what shall I say of him? To be sure he was born in Ireland, but being born in a stable does not make a man a horse. Daniel O'Connell, in a speech (16 October 1843), as quoted in Shaw's Authenticated Report of the Irish State Trials (1844), p. 93 http://books.google.com/books?id=dpKbWonMghwC&pg=PA93&dq=%22+make+a+man+a+horse%22&num=100&ei=0YVZSIWXCIiSjgG37bGIDA No, he is not an Irishman. He was born in Ireland; but being born in a stable does not make a man a horse. Daniel O'Connell during a speech (16 October 1843), as quoted in Reports of State Trials: New Series Volume V, 1843 to 1844 (1893) "The Queen Against O'Connell and Others", p. 206 http://books.google.com/books?id=zWETAAAAYAAJ&pg=PT108&dq=%22+make+a+man+a+horse%22&num=100&ei=MohZSJ-PK4a4jgG-lLGJDA Variants: If a man be born in a stable, that does not make him a horse. Quoted as as an anonymous proverb in Dictionary of Quotations from Ancient and Modern English and Foreign Sources (1899), p. 171 Because a man is born in a stable that does not make him a horse. Quoted as a dubious statement perhaps made early in his career in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Proverbs (1992) edited by John Simpson and Jennifer Speake, p. 162.

„Depend upon it, Sir, nothing will come of them!“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
On the coming of the railways, in The Birth of the Modern (1991), by Paul Johnson. p. 993.

„Publish and be damned.“

—  Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
His response in 1824 to John Joseph Stockdale who threatened to publish anecdotes of Wellington and his mistress Harriette Wilson, as quoted in Wellington — The Years of the Sword (1969) by Elizabeth Longford. This has commonly been recounted as a response made to Wilson herself, in response to a threat to publish her memoirs and his letters. This account of events seems to have started with Confessions of Julia Johnstone In Contradiction to the Fables of Harriette Wilson (1825), where she makes such an accusation, and states that his reply had been "write and be damned".

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