Frases de Ernest Gellner

Ernest Gellner Foto
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Ernest Gellner

Fecha de nacimiento: 9. Diciembre 1925
Fecha de muerte: 5. Noviembre 1995

Ernest Gellner fue un filósofo y antropólogo social francés.

Hijo de una pareja de judíos germanoparlantes de Bohemia, fue profesor de sociología en la London School of Economics and Politic Science, además de William Wyse Professor of Social Anthropology en la Universidad de Cambridge, Ernest Gellner es uno de los pensadores más influyentes de las ciencias sociales. Es autor de una de las pocas teorías originales sobre nacionalismo expuesta en Thought and Change, argumentando que el nacionalismo es un inevitable producto de la modernización, que necesita culturas escritas para crear homogéneas sociedades de ciudadanos. En el posterior Nations and Nationalism, Gellner exploró la base material de la transición hacia las culturas literarias en la sociedad industrial.

Como filósofo destacó en su elaboración del concepto de racionalidad de la sociedad actual, en Reason and Culture, donde destaca la gran proción de irracionalidad que posee el capitalismo actual. Además, en El arado, la espada y el libro, dividió la Historia humana en tres grandes periodos , separados éstos por las dos grandes revoluciones de la Historia: la Revolución neolítica y la Revolución industrial. De esta manera asiganará un tipo de mentalidad a cada tipo de sociedad, aunque su análisis se hará más complejo al introducir los factores de producción, cognición y coerción que de muy diversas maneras determinan cada tipo de sociedad.

Frases Ernest Gellner

„Philosophy is explicitness, generality, orientation and assessment.“

—  Ernest Gellner

Fuente: Words and Things (1959), p. 265
Contexto: Philosophy is explicitness, generality, orientation and assessment. That which one would insinuate, thereof one must speak.

„The way forward does not lie in amateur and comically timeless linguistic sociology which takes ‘forms of life’ for granted (and this is what philosophy has been recently), but in the systematic study of forms of life which does not take them for granted at all.“

—  Ernest Gellner

The crisis in the humanities and in the mainstream of philosophy (1964), reprinted in The Devil in Modern Philosophy (1974)
Contexto: The way forward does not lie in amateur and comically timeless linguistic sociology which takes ‘forms of life’ for granted (and this is what philosophy has been recently), but in the systematic study of forms of life which does not take them for granted at all. It hardly matters whether such an inquiry is called philosophy or sociology.

„It is the Soft Porn of Irrationalism.“

—  Ernest Gellner

Concepts and Community, in Relativism and the Social Sciences (1985)
Contexto: Wittgenstein's appeal lies in the fact that he provides a strange kind of vindication of romanticism, of conceptual Gemeinschaft, of custom-based concepts rather than statute-seeking Reform, and that he does so through a very general theory of meaning, rather than from the premisses habitually used for this purpose. Because there is no unique formal notation valid for all speech, each and every culture is vindicated. One never knew that could be done — and so quickly too! It is that above all which endows his philosophy with such a capacity to attract and to repel. His mystique of consensual custom denies that anything can sit in judgment of our concepts, that some may be more rational and others less so. So all of them are in order and have nothing to fear from philosophy, as indeed he insists. This is a fairly mild form of irrationalism, invoking no fierce dark Gods, merely a consensual community. It is the Soft Porn of Irrationalism.

„When knowledge is the slave of social considerations, it defines a special class; when it serves its own ends only, it no longer does so.“

—  Ernest Gellner

Plough, Sword and Book (1988)
Contexto: When knowledge is the slave of social considerations, it defines a special class; when it serves its own ends only, it no longer does so. There is of course a profound logic in this paradox: genuine knowledge is egalitarian in that it allows no privileged source, testers, messengers of Truth. It tolerates no privileged and circumscribed data. The autonomy of knowledge is a leveller.

„Civil Society is a cluster of institutions and associations strong enough to prevent tyranny, but which are, none the less, entered and left freely, rather than imposed by birth or sustained by awesome ritual.“

—  Ernest Gellner

Conditions of Liberty (1994)
Contexto: Civil Society is a cluster of institutions and associations strong enough to prevent tyranny, but which are, none the less, entered and left freely, rather than imposed by birth or sustained by awesome ritual. You can join the Labour Party without slaughtering a sheep...

„Addicts would be subject to blackmail.“

—  Ernest Gellner, libro Anthropology and Politics

Anthropology and Politics (1995)
Contexto: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

„Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions.“

—  Ernest Gellner, libro Anthropology and Politics

Anthropology and Politics (1995)
Contexto: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

„I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics.“

—  Ernest Gellner, libro Anthropology and Politics

Anthropology and Politics (1995)
Contexto: I do not recommend any legislative action against hermeneutics. I am a liberal person opposed to all unnecessary state limitation of individual liberties. Hermeneutics between consenting adults should not, in my view, be the object of any statutory restrictions. I know, only too well, what it would entail. Hermeneutic speakeasies would spring up all over the place, smuggled Thick Descriptions would be brought in by the lorry-load from Canada by the Mafia, blood and thick meaning would clot in the gutter as rival gangs of semiotic bootleggers slugged it out in a series of bloody shoot-outs and ambushes. Addicts would be subject to blackmail. Consumption of deep meanings and its attendant psychic consequences would in no way diminsh, but the criminal world would benefit, and the whole fabric of civil society would be put under severe strain. Never!

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„Capital, like capitalism, seems an overrated category.“

—  Ernest Gellner

Fuente: Nations and Nationalism (1983), Chapter 7, A Typology Of Nationalism, p. 97

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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