Frases de Josip Broz-Tito
Fecha de nacimiento: 7. Mayo 1892
Fecha de muerte: 4. Mayo 1980
Josip Broz, «Tito» , conocido por su título militar mariscal Tito, fue un político y militar croata, jefe de Estado de Yugoslavia desde el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial hasta su muerte a los 87 años.
Tito fue el principal arquitecto de la segunda Yugoslavia, una federación socialista, que duró desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial hasta 1991. A pesar de ser uno de los fundadores del Kominform, fue también el primero en desafiar la hegemonía soviética. Fue partidario de la vía al socialismo independiente , y uno de los principales fundadores y promotores del Movimiento de Países No Alineados, así como su primer secretario general. Como tal, apoyó la política de no alineamiento entre los dos bloques hostiles en la Guerra Fría.
Su régimen ha sido acusado del asesinato de prisioneros de guerra y limpieza étnica, además de democidio y confiscación de bienes contra italianos, alemanes y húngaros de Yugoslavia.
Frases Josip Broz-Tito
Tito, as quoted in Julie Mertus' Kosovo: how myths and truths started a war (University of California Press, 1999), p. 22
„The bishops play the hero and say they are ready to fight, even if it costs them their lives. The fight against whom? Against the people's government, of course, against our new democratic Yugoslavia … But how is it that the bishops did not issue this kind of pastoral letter, to be read in all the churches, in the days of Pavelić and the Germans, against those terrible massacres of Serbs in Croatia in which hundreds of thousands of women, children and menfolk lost their lives?“
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 278.
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„The peoples of Yugoslavia do not want Fascism. They do not want a totalitarian regime, they do not want to become slaves of the German and Italian financial oligarchy as they never wanted to become reconciled to the semi-colonial dependence imposed on them by the so-called Western democracies after the first imperialist war.“
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 155.
„None of our republics would be anything if we weren't all together, but we have to create our history — our Yugoslavian socialist history, that is unique, in the future — that is our path; not touching the national rights of the some republics to preserve their own traditions, not at the expense of, but in the interest of the whole community, to mutually complete each other. That is what we want, and not the destruction of our unity.“
Frequently quoted fragment of Tito's speech in Split 1962 Source: YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7s7ldiX6lc
„Today, 9 May, exactly forty-nine months and three days after the Fascist attack on Yugoslavia, the most powerful aggressive force in Europe, Germany, has capitulated.“
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 252.
„In the most trying hours, through dismal nights and endless interrogations and maltreatment, during days of killing solitude in cells and close confinement, we were always sustained by the hope that all these agonies were not in vain, that there was a strong and mighty country, however far away, in which all the dreams for which we were fighting had been fulfilled. For us it was the homeland of the workers, in which labour was honoured, in which love, comradeship, and sincerity prevailed. With what joy I had felt the strength of that country as, emerging from prison in 1934, I listened in the dead of each night to Radio Moscow and heard the clock of the Kremlin tower striking the hours, and the stirring strains of the 'International.“
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 128.
„To Joseph Stalin: Stop sending people to kill me! We've already captured five of them, one of them with a bomb and another with a rifle… If you don't stop sending killers, I'll send a very fast working one to Moscow and I certainly won't have to send another.“
Robert Service, Stalin: A Biography (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005), p. 592.
Message found among the personal effects of Joseph Stalin.
„Comrade Khrushchev often repeats that Socialism cannot be built with American wheat. I think it can be done by anyone who knows how to do it, while a person who doesn't know how to do it cannot build Socialism even with his own wheat. Khrushchev says we live on charity received from the imperialist countries … What moral right have those who attack us to rebuke us about American aid or credits when Khruschev himself has just tried to conclude an economic agreement with America?“
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 348-349.
„Our sacrifices are terrible. I can safely say that there is no other part of the world which has been devastated on a vaster scale than Yugoslavia. Every tenth Yugoslav has perished in this struggle in which we were forced to wrest armaments from our enemies, to freeze without clothing, and to die without medication.
Nevertheless our optimism and faith have proved justified. The greatest gain of this conflict between democracy and fascism lies in the fact that it has drawn together everything that was good in humanity. The unity of the United States, the Soviet Union and Great Britain is the best guarantee to the peoples of the world that Nazi horrors will never again be repeated.“
“Our Optimism and Faith” http://www.marxists.org/archive/tito/1945/02/04.htm Liberation magazine, page 3 (United Committee of South- Slavonic Americans, 1945)
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 185.
As said to former Foreign Minister Mirko Tepavac in 1971. (Yugoslavia: A State that Withered Away, Dejan Jović, Purdue University Press, 2009, p.45)
„I knew that many things were wrong… I witnessed a great many injustices… But it was my revolutionary duty at the time not to criticize and not to help alien propaganda against [the Soviet Union], for at that time it was the only country where a revolution had been carried out and where Socialism had been built. I considered that propaganda should not be made against that country; that my duty was to make propaganda in my own country for Socialism.“
Jasper Ridley, Tito: A Biography (Constable and Company Ltd., 1994), p. 142.