Frases de Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Foto
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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Fecha de nacimiento: 1881
Fecha de muerte: 10. Noviembre 1938

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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, hasta 1934 Gazi Mustafa Kemal Paşa , fue un oficial del ejército turco y célebre estadista turco, así como el fundador y primer presidente de la República de Turquía. Mustafa Kemal se consagró como general de renombre al mando de una división en la batalla de Galípoli. Después de la derrota del Imperio otomano y la ocupación de Constantinopla entre 1918 y 1923 a manos de los Aliados y la partición del Imperio otomano, Mustafa Kemal encabezó el Movimiento Nacional turco, que desembocaría en la Guerra de Independencia Turca o Kurtuluş Savaşı —«Guerra de Liberación»—. Sus brillantes campañas militares condujeron a la liberación del país y al establecimiento de la República de Turquía. Como primer presidente de la República, Mustafa Kemal impuso una serie de reformas de gran alcance para crear un Estado moderno, democrático y laico.

El considerado comúnmente como sobrenombre o título de Atatürk es el nuevo apellido que asignaron unánimemente a Mustafa Kemal como resultado de la Ley sobre los apellidos de 1934. Anteriormente la población carecía de éste, siendo conocidos por su población de origen u ocupación. Esta ley aprobada por la Asamblea Nacional de Turquía le adjudicó el apellido de «Atatürk» el 24 de noviembre de 1934.

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Frases Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

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„Peace at, Peace in the World.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Maxim which became the motto of the Republic of Turkey; quoted in many sources including, Atatürk (1963) by Uluğ İğdemir, p. 200; and Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus (2000) by Svante E. Cornell, p. 287

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„Our life here is truly hellish.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Our life here is truly hellish. Fortunately, my soldiers are very brave and tougher than the enemy. Letter to Corinne Lütfü, from the Gallipoli peninsula (20 July 1915) as translated in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey (2002) by Andrew Mango.

„Mankind is a single body and each nation a part of that body.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Mankind is a single body and each nation a part of that body. We must never say "What does it matter to me if some part of the world is ailing?" If there is such an illness, we must concern ourselves with it as though we were having that illness. As quoted by Paul Wolfowitz in an address to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Washington, D.C. (13 March 2002) http://www.defenselink.mil/speeches/speech.aspx?speechid=198

„Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Lasting peace is sought, it is essential to adopt international measures to improve the lot of the masses. The welfare of the entire human race must replace hunger and oppression. People of the world must be taught to give up envy, avarice and rancour. As quoted in I. Milletlerarası Gençlik Kongresi [First International Youth Congress] (1988) by Selçuk University, p. 19

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„Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Religion is an important institution. A nation without religion cannot survive. Yet it is also very important to note that religion is a link between Allah and the individual believer. The brokerage of the pious cannot be permitted. Those who use religion for their own benefit are detestable. We are against such a situation and will not allow it. Those who use religion in such a manner have fooled our people; it is against just such people that we have fought and will continue to fight. Know that whatever conforms to reason, logic, and the advantages and needs of our people conforms equally to Islam. If our religion did not conform to reason and logic, it would not be the perfect religion, the final religion. As quoted in Kemalizm, Laiklik ve Demokrasi [Kemalism, Laicism and Democracy] (1994) by Ahmet Taner Kışlalı

„I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: I have no religion, and at times I wish all religions at the bottom of the sea. He is a weak ruler who needs religion to uphold his government; it is as if he would catch his people in a trap. My people are going to learn the principles of democracy, the dictates of truth and the teachings of science. Superstition must go. Let them worship as they will; every man can follow his own conscience, provided it does not interfere with sane reason or bid him against the liberty of his fellow-men. Quoted in Atatürk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, by Andrew Mango; "In a book published in 1928, Grace Ellison quotes [Atatürk], presumably in 1926-27", Grace Ellison Turkey Today (London: Hutchinson, 1928)

„Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die.“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Men, I am not ordering you to attack. I am ordering you to die. In the time that it takes us to die, other forces and commanders can come and take our place. Orders to the 57th Infantry Regiment, at the Battle of Gallipoli (25 April 1915); as quoted in Studies in Battle Command http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/csi-battles.htm by Combat Studies Institute, US Army Command and General Staff College, p. 89; also quoted in Turkey (2007) by Verity Campbell, p. 188 Variant translation: I am not ordering you to fight, I am ordering you to die.

„Your voice is my voice. Do not forget it!“

—  Мустафа Кемаль Ататюрк
Context: Your voice is my voice. Do not forget it! (according to F. Rıfkı Atay)

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