Frases de Rosa Luxemburgo

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Rosa Luxemburgo

Fecha de nacimiento: 5. Marzo 1871
Fecha de muerte: 15. Enero 1919

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Rosa Luxemburg, en alemán, o Róża Luksemburg, en polaco, más conocida por su nombre castellanizado Rosa Luxemburgo , fue una teórica marxista de origen judío.

Militó en el Partido Socialdemócrata de Alemania , hasta que en 1914 se opuso a la participación de los socialdemócratas en la I Guerra Mundial, por considerarla un «enfrentamiento entre imperialistas». Integró, desde entonces, el grupo internacional que en 1916 se convirtió en la Liga Espartaquista, un grupo marxista que será luego el origen del Partido Comunista de Alemania . Al terminar la guerra fundó el periódico La Bandera Roja, junto con el alemán Karl Liebknecht. Sus libros más conocidos, publicados en castellano, son Reforma o Revolución , Huelga de masas, partido y sindicato , La Acumulación del Capital y La revolución rusa , en el cual critica constructivamente a la misma y sostiene que la manera soviética de hacer la revolución no puede ser universalizada para todas las latitudes.

Tomó parte en la frustrada revolución de 1919 en Berlín, aun cuando este levantamiento tuvo lugar en contra de sus consejos. La revuelta fue sofocada con la intervención del ejército y la actuación de los freikorps o 'cuerpos libres' , en colaboración con el sector mayoritario del partido socialdemócrata. A su término, cientos de personas, entre ellas Rosa Luxemburgo, fueron encarceladas, torturadas y asesinadas por dichos grupos.

Tanto Rosa Luxemburgo como Karl Liebknecht poseen una gran carga simbólica para el marxismo, especialmente en Alemania. Actualmente, un domingo a mediados de enero se celebra, cada año, en Berlín, el día de Rosa Luxemburgo y Karl Liebknecht, en recuerdo del asesinato de los dos dirigentes comunistas el 15 de enero de 1919.

Frases Rosa Luxemburgo

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„War unleashes – at the same time as the reactionary forces of the capitalist world – the generating forces of social revolution which ferment in its depths.“

— Rosa Luxemburg
Context: The Russo-Japanese War now gives to all an awareness that even war and peace in Europe – its destiny – isn’t decided between the four walls of the European concert, but outside it, in the gigantic maelstrom of world and colonial politics. And its in this that the real meaning of the current war resides for social-democracy, even if we set aside its immediate effect: the collapse of Russian absolutism. This war brings the gaze of the international proletariat back to the great political and economic connectedness of the world, and violently dissipates in our ranks the particularism, the pettiness of ideas that form in any period of political calm. The war completely rends all the veils which the bourgeois world – this world of economic, political and social fetishism – constantly wraps us in. The war destroys the appearance which leads us to believe in peaceful social evolution; in the omnipotence and the untouchability of bourgeois legality; in national exclusivism; in the stability of political conditions; in the conscious direction of politics by these “statesmen” or parties; in the significance capable of shaking up the world of the squabbles in bourgeois parliaments; in parliamentarism as the so-called center of social existence. War unleashes – at the same time as the reactionary forces of the capitalist world – the generating forces of social revolution which ferment in its depths. [http://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1904/05/01.htm "In the Storm" in Le Socialiste] as translated by Mitch Abidor (1 - 8 May 1904)

„The Russo-Japanese War now gives to all an awareness that even war and peace in Europe – its destiny – isn’t decided between the four walls of the European concert, but outside it, in the gigantic maelstrom of world and colonial politics.“

— Rosa Luxemburg
Context: The Russo-Japanese War now gives to all an awareness that even war and peace in Europe – its destiny – isn’t decided between the four walls of the European concert, but outside it, in the gigantic maelstrom of world and colonial politics. And its in this that the real meaning of the current war resides for social-democracy, even if we set aside its immediate effect: the collapse of Russian absolutism. This war brings the gaze of the international proletariat back to the great political and economic connectedness of the world, and violently dissipates in our ranks the particularism, the pettiness of ideas that form in any period of political calm. The war completely rends all the veils which the bourgeois world – this world of economic, political and social fetishism – constantly wraps us in. The war destroys the appearance which leads us to believe in peaceful social evolution; in the omnipotence and the untouchability of bourgeois legality; in national exclusivism; in the stability of political conditions; in the conscious direction of politics by these “statesmen” or parties; in the significance capable of shaking up the world of the squabbles in bourgeois parliaments; in parliamentarism as the so-called center of social existence. War unleashes – at the same time as the reactionary forces of the capitalist world – the generating forces of social revolution which ferment in its depths. [http://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1904/05/01.htm "In the Storm" in Le Socialiste] as translated by Mitch Abidor (1 - 8 May 1904)

„Freedom is always and exclusively freedom for the one who thinks differently.“

— Rosa Luxemburg
Context: Freedom only for the supporters of the government, only for the members of one party – however numerous they may be – is no freedom at all. Freedom is always and exclusively freedom for the one who thinks differently. Not because of any fanatical concept of “justice” but because all that is instructive, wholesome and purifying in political freedom depends on this essential characteristic, and its effectiveness vanishes when “freedom” becomes a special privilege. Chapter Six, "The Problem of Dictatorship"

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