Frases de Mijaíl Gorbachov
Fecha de nacimiento: 2. Marzo 1931
Otros nombres: Michail Gorbačov
Mijaíl Serguéyevich Gorbachov es un abogado y político ruso que fue secretario General del Partido Comunista de la Unión Soviética de 1985 hasta 1989 y presidente de la Unión Soviética de 1989 a 1991. Recibió el Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1990 y actualmente es líder de la Unión de Socialdemócratas, un partido formado después de la disolución oficial del Partido Socialdemócrata de Rusia en 2007.
Frases Mijaíl Gorbachov
Fuente: José María Albaigès Olivart. Un siglo de citas. Planeta, 1997. ISBN 8423992543. p. 502.
Fuente: José María Albaigès Olivart. Un siglo de citas. Planeta, 1997. ISBN 8423992543. p. 538.
„El Partido Comunista Soviético inició la perestroika [reestructuración de la sociedad] y generó su concepto y política. Sobre esta base se han emprendido en el país profundos cambios revolucionarios que abarcan todas las esferas de la vida y todos los sectores de población. […] Cambios rápidos, de gran alcance y originalidad, se están produciendo en el marco de la perestroika.“
Fuente: José María Albaigès Olivart. Un siglo de citas. Planeta, 1997. ISBN 8423992543. p. 230.
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„During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society.“
Nobel Address (1991)
Contexto: During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society. But when society was given freedom it could not recognize itself, for it had lived too long, as it were, "beyond the looking glass". Contradictions and vices rose to the surface, and even blood has been shed, although we have been able to avoid a bloodbath. The logic of reform has clashed with the logic of rejection, and with the logic of impatience which breeds intolerance.
„A period of transition to a new quality in all spheres of society's life is accompanied by painful phenomena.“
Nobel Address (1991)
Contexto: A period of transition to a new quality in all spheres of society's life is accompanied by painful phenomena. When we were initiating perestroika we failed to properly assess and foresee everything. Our society turned out to be hard to move off the ground, not ready for major changes which affect people's vital interests and make them leave behind everything to which they had become accustomed over many years. In the beginning we imprudently generated great expectations, without taking into account the fact that it takes time for people to realize that all have to live and work differently, to stop expecting that new life would be given from above.
Speech to the UN General Assembly (7 December 1988)
Contexto: We are witnessing most profound social change. Whether in the East or the South, the West or the North, hundreds of millions of people, new nations and states, new public movements and ideologies have moved to the forefront of history. Broad-based and frequently turbulent popular movements have given expression, in a multidimensional and contradictory way, to a longing for independence, democracy and social justice. The idea of democratizing the entire world order has become a powerful socio-political force. At the same time, the scientific and technological revolution has turned many economic, food, energy, environmental, information and population problems, which only recently we treated as national or regional ones, into global problems. Thanks to the advances in mass media and means of transportation, the world seems to have become more visible and tangible. International communication has become easier than ever before.
„Certain people in the United States are driving nails into this structure of our relationship, then cutting off the heads.“
As quoted in TIME magazine (9 September 1985)
Contexto: Certain people in the United States are driving nails into this structure of our relationship, then cutting off the heads. So the Soviets must use their teeth to pull them out.
"Nature Is My God" - interview with Fred Matser in Resurgence No. 184 (September-October 1997)
Contexto: I believe in the cosmos. All of us are linked to the cosmos. Look at the sun. If there is no sun, then we cannot exist. So nature is my god. To me, nature is sacred. Trees are my temples and forests are my cathedrals.
„There is a growing will to achieve consensus, and a growing understanding that we have a State, a country, a common life. This is what must be preserved first of all.“
Nobel Address (1991)
Contexto: After a time of rampant separatism and euphoria, when almost every village proclaimed sovereignty, a centripetal force is beginning to gather momentum, based on a more sensible view of existing realities and the risks involved. And this is what counts most now. There is a growing will to achieve consensus, and a growing understanding that we have a State, a country, a common life. This is what must be preserved first of all.