Frases de Mijaíl Gorbachov

Mijaíl Gorbachov Foto
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Mijaíl Gorbachov

Fecha de nacimiento: 2. Marzo 1931
Otros nombres: Michail Gorbačov

Mijaíl Serguéyevich Gorbachov es un abogado y político ruso que fue secretario General del Partido Comunista de la Unión Soviética de 1985 hasta 1989 y presidente de la Unión Soviética de 1989 a 1991. Recibió el Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1990 y actualmente es líder de la Unión de Socialdemócratas, un partido formado después de la disolución oficial del Partido Socialdemócrata de Rusia en 2007.

„Pasó la época en que el único recurso de las masas era asaltar la Bastilla.“

—  Mijaíl Gorbachov

Fuente: José María Albaigès Olivart. Un siglo de citas. Planeta, 1997. ISBN 8423992543. p. 502.
Fuente: FCSpa

„La finalidad primordial de mi vida ya se ha realizado. Me siento en paz conmigo mismo.“

—  Mijaíl Gorbachov

Fuente: José María Albaigès Olivart. Un siglo de citas. Planeta, 1997. ISBN 8423992543. p. 538.

„Tengo cien asesores económicos y sé que uno tiene razón, pero no sé cuál es.“

—  Mijaíl Gorbachov

Fuente: José María Albaigès Olivart. Un siglo de citas. Planeta, 1997. ISBN 8423992543. p. 230.

„In the name of Communism we abandoned basic human values. So when I came to power in Russia I started to restore those values; values of "openness" and freedom.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

"Nature Is My God" - interview with Fred Matser in Resurgence No. 184 (September-October 1997) http://www.resurgence.org/resurgence/184/gorbachev.htm
Contexto: We have retreated from the perennial values. I don't think that we need any new values. The most important thing is to try to revive the universally known values from which we have retreated.
As a young man, I really took to heart the Communist ideals. A young soul certainly cannot reject things like justice and equality. These were the goals proclaimed by the Communists. But in reality that terrible Communist experiment brought about repression of human dignity. Violence was used in order to impose that model on society. In the name of Communism we abandoned basic human values. So when I came to power in Russia I started to restore those values; values of "openness" and freedom.

„During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Contexto: During the last six years we have discarded and destroyed much that stood in the way of a renewal and transformation of our society. But when society was given freedom it could not recognize itself, for it had lived too long, as it were, "beyond the looking glass". Contradictions and vices rose to the surface, and even blood has been shed, although we have been able to avoid a bloodbath. The logic of reform has clashed with the logic of rejection, and with the logic of impatience which breeds intolerance.

„This understanding is embodied in the canons of world religions and in the works of philosophers from antiquity to our time.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Fuente: Nobel Address (1991)
Contexto: Preparing for my address I found in an old Russian encyclopedia a definition of "peace" as a "commune" — the traditional cell of Russian peasant life. I saw in that definition the people's profound understanding of peace as harmony, concord, mutual help, and cooperation.
This understanding is embodied in the canons of world religions and in the works of philosophers from antiquity to our time.

„We had 10 years after the Cold War to build a new world order and yet we squandered them.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

As quoted in an interview with The London Daily Telegraph (7 May 2008) http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/russia/1933223/Gorbachev-US-could-start-new-Cold-War.html
Contexto: We had 10 years after the Cold War to build a new world order and yet we squandered them. The United States cannot tolerate anyone acting independently. Every US president has to have a war.

„Never before has the idea that peace is indivisible been so true as it is now.
Peace is not unity in similarity but unity in diversity, in the comparison and conciliation of differences.“

—  Mikhail Gorbachev

Nobel Address (1991)
Contexto: Today, peace means the ascent from simple coexistence to cooperation and common creativity among countries and nations.
Peace is movement towards globality and universality of civilization. Never before has the idea that peace is indivisible been so true as it is now.
Peace is not unity in similarity but unity in diversity, in the comparison and conciliation of differences.
And, ideally, peace means the absence of violence. It is an ethical value.

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