Frases de Malcolm X

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Malcolm X

Fecha de nacimiento: 19. Mayo 1925
Fecha de muerte: 21. Febrero 1965
Otros nombres:Malcolm Little

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Malcolm X , nacido como Malcolm Little, y cuyo nombre oficial completo era El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz , fue un orador, ministro religioso y activista estadounidense. Fue un defensor de los derechos de los afroamericanos, un hombre que acusó a los estadounidenses blancos en las más duras condiciones de sus crímenes contra sus compatriotas negros. En cambio, sus detractores lo acusaron de predicar el racismo y la violencia. Ha sido descrito como uno de los más influyentes afroamericanos en la historia estadounidense.

Malcolm X nació en Omaha . A los seis años su padre fue asesinado por su labor en defensa de los derechos de los trabajadores y su madre ingresó en un hospital psiquiátrico a causa de la locura que le produjo el hecho de que le quitaran la custodia de sus hijos. Después de vivir en una serie de casas de acogida, Malcolm X se involucró en el hampa de Boston y Nueva York, y en 1945 fue condenado a entre ocho y diez años de prisión.

En la cárcel, Malcolm X se convirtió en miembro de la Nación del Islam, una secta musulmana dirigida por Elijah Muhammad, y tras su libertad condicional en 1952, se convirtió en ministro de la organización. Durante casi una docena de años fue la cara pública de la Nación del Islam, pero las tensiones entre él y Muhammad llevaron a su salida de la organización en marzo de 1964.

Tras abandonar la Nación del Islam, Malcolm X hizo la peregrinación a La Meca y se convirtió al sunismo. Viajó extensamente por toda África, Oriente Medio e incluso visitó la Unión Soviética. Esos viajes le cambiaron la visión que tenía del mundo y de la lucha por las libertades civiles. Fundó la Muslim Mosque, Inc., una organización islámica, y la secular Organización de la Unidad Afroamericana. Menos de un año después de abandonar la Nación del Islam, Malcolm X fue asesinado antes de dar un discurso en Nueva York.

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Frases Malcolm X

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„Anytime you have to rely upon your enemy for a job you’re in bad shape.“

—  Malcolm X
Context: So our people not only have to be re-educated to the importance of supporting black business, but the black man himself has to be made aware of the importance of going into business. And once you and I go into business, we own and operate at least the businesses in our community. What we will be doing is developing a situation wherein we will actually be able to create employment for the people in the community. And once you can create some employment in the community where you live it will eliminate the necessity of you and me having to act ignorantly and disgracefully, boycotting and picketing some place else trying to beg him for a job. Anytime you have to rely upon your enemy for a job you’re in bad shape.

„I am not a racist. I am against every form of racism and segregation, every form of discrimination.“

—  Malcolm X
Context: I am not a racist. I am against every form of racism and segregation, every form of discrimination. I believe in human beings, and that all human beings should be respected as such, regardless of their color. Interview (January 1965?)

„We need to expand the civil-rights struggle to a higher level—to the level of human rights. Whenever you are in a civil-rights struggle, whether you know it or not, you are confining yourself to the jurisdiction of Uncle Sam. No one from the outside world can speak out in your behalf as long as your struggle is a civil-rights struggle. Civil rights comes within the domestic affairs of this country.“

—  Malcolm X
Context: We need to expand the civil-rights struggle to a higher level—to the level of human rights. Whenever you are in a civil-rights struggle, whether you know it or not, you are confining yourself to the jurisdiction of Uncle Sam. No one from the outside world can speak out in your behalf as long as your struggle is a civil-rights struggle. Civil rights comes within the domestic affairs of this country. All of our African brothers and our Asian brothers and our Latin-American brothers cannot open their mouths and interfere in the domestic affairs of the United States. And as long as it’s civil rights, this comes under the jurisdiction of Uncle Sam. But the United Nations has what’s known as the charter of human rights; it has a committee that deals in human rights. You may wonder why all of the atrocities that have been committed in Africa and in Hungary and in Asia, and in Latin America are brought before the UN, and the Negro problem is never brought before the UN. This is part of the conspiracy. This old, tricky blue eyed liberal who is supposed to be your and my friend, supposed to be in our corner, supposed to be subsidizing our struggle, and supposed to be acting in the capacity of an adviser, never tells you anything about human rights. They keep you wrapped up in civil rights. And you spend so much time barking up the civil-rights tree, you don’t even know there’s a human-rights tree on the same floor.

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„Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today.“

—  Malcolm X, Malcolm X, Black Liberation, and the Road to Workers' Power
Context: Education is an important element in the struggle for human rights. It is the means to help our children and our people rediscover their identity and thereby increase their self respect. Education is our passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs only to the people who prepare for it today. Speech at Founding Rally of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (28 June 1964), as quoted in By Any Means Necessary (1970)

„I could spend the rest of my life reading, just satisfying my curiosity.“

—  Malcolm X
Context: I told the Englishman that my alma mater was books, a good library. Every time I catch a plane, I have with me a book that I want to read—and that’s a lot of books these days. If I weren’t out here every day battling the white man, I could spend the rest of my life reading, just satisfying my curiosity—because you can hardly mention anything I’m not curious about. Chapter 11, paragraph 59 http://www.uri.edu/library/inscriptions/almamater.html

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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