Frases de Richard Nixon

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Richard Nixon

Fecha de nacimiento: 9. Enero 1913
Fecha de muerte: 22. Abril 1994
Otros nombres: Richard Milhous Nixon, Ричард Никсон

Richard Milhous Nixon fue el trigésimo séptimo presidente de los Estados Unidos, ocupando el cargo entre 1969 y 1974, año en el que se convirtió en el único presidente estadounidense en dimitir del cargo. Anteriormente, Nixon había sido miembro de la Cámara de Representantes de Estados Unidos y del Senado de Estados Unidos .

Nixon nació en Yorba Linda . Tras completar sus estudios de pregrado en Whittier College , se graduó en la Escuela de Derecho de la Universidad de Duke en Carolina del Norte y regresó a California para ejercer la abogacía. Se mudó a Washington D. C. para trabajar para el gobierno federal en 1942 junto a su mujer, Pat Nixon. En esta época, sirvió activamente en la Reserva Marina de Estados Unidos durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Nixon fue elegido a la Cámara de Representantes en 1946 y al Senado en 1950, donde se consolidó como líder anticomunista tras el papel clave que desempeñó en el caso de Alger Hiss. Fue el candidato a la Vicepresidencia de Estados Unidos en las elecciones de 1952 por el Partido Republicano. Nixon ejerció como Vicepresidente durante ocho años. Posteriormente, libró una campaña presidencial sin éxito 1960, perdiendo contra John F. Kennedy, y más tarde perdió las elecciones para gobernador de California de 1962. Nixon fue elegido Presidente en las elecciones presidenciales de Estados Unidos de 1968, derrotando a Hubert Humphrey.

Nixon terminó con la intervención estadounidense en la guerra de Vietnam en 1973 y trajo a los prisioneros de guerra a suelo estadounidense, además de acabar con el servicio militar obligatorio. La visita de Nixon a China en 1972 estableció relaciones diplomáticas entre las dos naciones. Nixon inició el détente entre Estados Unidos y la Unión Soviética, impulsando el Tratado sobre Misiles Antibalísticos. En política socioeconómica, Nixon impuso controles sobre los sueldos y los precios durante un período de noventa días, impuso la desegregación de las escuelas sureñas, y creó la Agencia de Protección Ambiental. Nixon presidió el alunizaje del Apolo 11, que marcó el final de la carrera espacial. El triunfo electoral de Nixon en 1972 ha sido uno de los más aplastantes en la historia de Estados Unidos, derrotando a George McGovern.

Sin embargo, el año 1973 trajo la crisis del petróleo, el racionamiento de la gasolina, y continuas revelaciones públicas sobre el escándalo Watergate. Este último suceso en particular hizo que Nixon perdiese gran parte de su apoyo político. Nixon dimitió como Presidente el 9 de agosto de 1974 ante un impeachment inevitable. Tras su renuncia, fue formalmente indultado por su sucesor, Gerald Ford y fue rehabilitando su imagen tras publicar varios libros y haber viajado múltiples veces al extranjero. El 18 de abril de 1994, sufrió un derrame cerebral y murió cuatro días más tarde a los 81 años. Nixon sigue siendo un personaje de gran interés para los historiadores.

„América Latina no le importa a nadie.“

—  Richard Nixon

Fuente: "The Economist", mayo de 2006

„Hacer chillar la economía chilena“

—  Richard Nixon

Comite de los 40, refiriendose al gobierno de la UP

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„Se paga lo mismo por hacer algo a medias que por acabarlo. Por tanto es mejor acabarlo.“

—  Richard Nixon

Fuente: Kissinger, Henry. China. ISBN 978-84-8306-945-5, página 231

„I should say this — that Pat doesn't have a mink coat. But she does have a respectable Republican cloth coat. And I always tell her that she'd look good in anything.“

—  Richard Nixon

1950s, Checkers speech (1952)
Contexto: p>That's what we have and that's what we owe. It isn't very much but Pat and I have the satisfaction that every dime that we've got is honestly ours. I should say this — that Pat doesn't have a mink coat. But she does have a respectable Republican cloth coat. And I always tell her that she'd look good in anything.One other thing I probably should tell you because if we don't they'll probably be saying this about me too, we did get something — a gift — after the election. A man down in Texas heard Pat on the radio mention the fact that our two youngsters would like to have a dog. And, believe it or not, the day before we left on this campaign trip we got a message from Union Station in Baltimore saying they had a package for us. We went down to get it. You know what it was. It was a little cocker spaniel dog in a crate that he'd sent all the way from Texas. Black and white spotted. And our little girl — Tricia, the 6-year old — named it Checkers. And you know, the kids, like all kids, love the dog and I just want to say this right now, that regardless of what they say about it, we're gonna keep it.</p

„And our little girl — Tricia, the 6-year old — named it Checkers. And you know, the kids, like all kids, love the dog and I just want to say this right now, that regardless of what they say about it, we're gonna keep it.“

—  Richard Nixon

1950s, Checkers speech (1952)
Contexto: p>That's what we have and that's what we owe. It isn't very much but Pat and I have the satisfaction that every dime that we've got is honestly ours. I should say this — that Pat doesn't have a mink coat. But she does have a respectable Republican cloth coat. And I always tell her that she'd look good in anything.One other thing I probably should tell you because if we don't they'll probably be saying this about me too, we did get something — a gift — after the election. A man down in Texas heard Pat on the radio mention the fact that our two youngsters would like to have a dog. And, believe it or not, the day before we left on this campaign trip we got a message from Union Station in Baltimore saying they had a package for us. We went down to get it. You know what it was. It was a little cocker spaniel dog in a crate that he'd sent all the way from Texas. Black and white spotted. And our little girl — Tricia, the 6-year old — named it Checkers. And you know, the kids, like all kids, love the dog and I just want to say this right now, that regardless of what they say about it, we're gonna keep it.</p

„The important thing in our process, however, is to play the game,“

—  Richard Nixon

1970s, Remarks on Being Reelected (1972)
Contexto: The important thing in our process, however, is to play the game, and in the great game of life, and particularly the game of politics, what is important is that on either side more Americans voted this year than ever before, and the fact that you won or you lost must not keep you from keeping in the great game of politics in the years ahead, because the better competition we have between the two parties, between the two men running for office, whatever office that may be, means that we get the better people and the better programs for our country.

„In a civilized nation no man can excuse his crime against the person or property of another by claiming that he, too, has been a victim of injustice. To tolerate that is to invite anarchy“

—  Richard Nixon

1960s, What Has Happened to America? (1967)
Contexto: There can be no right to revolt in this society; no right to demonstrate outside the law, and, in Lincoln's words, 'no grievance that is a fit object of redress by mob law'. In a civilized nation no man can excuse his crime against the person or property of another by claiming that he, too, has been a victim of injustice. To tolerate that is to invite anarchy.

„The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker.“

—  Richard Nixon

"The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker" was later used as Nixon's epitaph.
1960s, First Inaugural Address (1969)
Contexto: What kind of nation we will be, what kind of world we will live in, whether we shape the future in the image of our hopes, is ours to determine by our actions and our choices.
The greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker. This honor now beckons America — the chance to help lead the world at last out of the valley of turmoil, and onto that high ground of peace that man has dreamed of since the dawn of civilization.
If we succeed, generations to come will say of us now living that we mastered our moment, that we helped make the world safe for mankind.
This is our summons to greatness.

„Well, then, some of you will say, and rightly, "Well, what did you use the fund for, Senator? Why did you have to have it?" Let me tell you in just a word how a Senate office operates. First of all, a Senator gets $15,000 a year in salary. He gets enough money to pay for one trip a year, a round trip, that is, for himself, and his family between his home and Washington, DC. And then he gets an allowance to handle the people that work in his office to handle his mail. And the allowance for my State of California, is enough to hire 13 people. And let me say, incidentally, that that allowance is not paid to the Senator. It is paid directly to the individuals that the Senator puts on his payroll. But all of these people and all of these allowances are for strictly official business; business, for example, when a constituent writes in and wants you to go down to the Veteran's Administration and get some information about his GI policy — items of that type, for example. But there are other expenses that are not covered by the Government. And I think I can best discuss those expenses by asking you some questions.Do you think that when I or any other senator makes a political speech, has it printed, should charge the printing of that speech and the mailing of that speech to the taxpayers? Do you think, for example, when I or any other Senator makes a trip to his home State to make a purely political speech that the cost of that trip should be charged to the taxpayers? Do you think when a Senator makes political broadcasts or political television broadcasts, radio or television, that the expense of those broadcasts should be charged to the taxpayers? Well I know what your answer is. It's the same answer that audiences give me whenever I discuss this particular problem: The answer is no. The taxpayers shouldn't be required to finance items which are not official business but which are primarily political business.“

—  Richard Nixon

1950s, Checkers speech (1952)

„North Vietnam cannot defeat or humiliate the United States. Only Americans can do that.“

—  Richard Nixon

Address to the Nation on the War in Vietnam (3 November 1969) http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=2303&st=&st1=
1960s

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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