Frases de Andrew Johnson

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Andrew Johnson

Fecha de nacimiento: 29. Diciembre 1808
Fecha de muerte: 31. Julio 1875

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Andrew Johnson fue el decimoséptimo presidente de los Estados Unidos, ocupando el cargo desde 1865 hasta 1869 dado el asesinato de Abraham Lincoln, de quien había sido vicepresidente. Ya que la guerra de Secesión había finalizado poco antes de su presidencia, Johnson se preocupó por comenzar con la reconstrucción de los estados que se habían separado de la unión, pero encontró la oposición de la mayoría republicana en el congreso y fue sometido a un juicio político.

Johnson nació en el seno de una familia humilde en Raleigh, la capital de Carolina del Norte. Fue aprendiz de sastre y trabajó en varios pueblos antes de mudarse definitivamente a Greeneville, Tennessee, ciudad en donde llegó a ocupar los cargos de concejal y alcalde. En 1835 fue elegido en la cámara de representantes de Tennessee y luego en la Cámara de Representantes de los Estados Unidos en 1843, cargo que desempeñó por diez años. Fue gobernador de Tennesse por cuatro años y fue elegido senador en 1857.

Fue el único senador del Sur que no dejó su puesto a la secesión, y se convirtió en el más prominente demócrata antiguerra del Sur. En 1862, Lincoln nombró a Johnson como gobernador militar de Tennessee, donde demostró dinamismo y la eficacia en la lucha contra la rebelión. Su política de reconciliación hacia el Sur, su prisa por reincorporar a los ex confederados de nuevo a la Unión Americana, y sus vetos de los proyectos de ley de derechos civiles le envuelve en una amarga disputa con los republicanos. Los republicanos en la Cámara de Representantes intentaron imponer cargos criminales contra él en 1868, y fue absuelto por un solo voto en el Senado, el de Edmund G. Ross. Fue el primer Presidente de EE. UU. en ser enjuiciado por un impeachment, pero el proceso no llegó al final.

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Frases Andrew Johnson

„There are some who lack confidence in the integrity and capacity of the people to govern themselves.“

—  Andrew Johnson
Context: There are some who lack confidence in the integrity and capacity of the people to govern themselves. To all who entertain such fears I will most respectfully say that I entertain none... If a man is not capable, and is not to be trusted with the government of himself, is he to be trusted with the government of others... Who, then, will govern? The answer must be, Man — for we have no angels in the shape of men, as yet, who are willing to take charge of our political affairs. Statement (1853) as quoted in Andrew Johnson, Plebeian and Patriot (1928) by Robert Watson Winston.

„I know that damned Douglass; he's just like any nigger“

—  Andrew Johnson
Context: Those damned sons of bitches thought they had me in a trap! I know that damned Douglass; he's just like any nigger, and he would sooner cut a white man's throat than not. As quoted in Andrew Johnson: A Profile http://web.archive.org/web/20110316175449/http://home.nas.com/lopresti/ps17.htm (1969), "Johnson and the Negro", by Lawanda Cox and John H. Cox; edited by Eric L. McKitrick, Hill & Wang, New York pp. 152-153.

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„Tyranny and despotism can be exercised by many, more rigorously, more vigorously, and more severely, than by one.“

—  Andrew Johnson
Context: Your President is now the Tribune of the people, and, thank God, I am, and intend to assert the power which the people have placed in me... Tyranny and despotism can be exercised by many, more rigorously, more vigorously, and more severely, than by one. As quoted in Presidential Government in the United States: The Unwritten Constitution (1947) by Caleb Perry Patterson. <!-- p. 122 -->

„Certainly the Government of the United States is a limited government, and so is every State government a limited government.“

—  Andrew Johnson
Context: Certainly the Government of the United States is a limited government, and so is every State government a limited government. With us this idea of limitation spreads through every form of administration — general, State, and municipal — and rests on the great distinguishing principle of the recognition of the rights of man. The ancient republics absorbed the individual in the state — prescribed his religion and controlled his activity. The American system rests on the assertion of the equal right of every man to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, to freedom of conscience, to the culture and exercise of all his faculties. As a consequence the State government is limited — as to the General Government in the interest of union, as to the individual citizen in the interest of freedom.

„Our Government springs from and was made for the people — not the people for the Government. To them it owes allegiance; from them it must derive its courage, strength, and wisdom.“

—  Andrew Johnson
Context: Our Government springs from and was made for the people — not the people for the Government. To them it owes allegiance; from them it must derive its courage, strength, and wisdom. But while the Government is thus bound to defer to the people, from whom it derives its existence, it should, from the very consideration of its origin, be strong in its power of resistance to the establishment of inequalities. Monopolies, perpetuities, and class legislation are contrary to the genius of free government, and ought not to be allowed. Here there is no room for favored classes or monopolies; the principle of our Government is that of equal laws and freedom of industry. Wherever monopoly attains a foothold, it is sure to be a source of danger, discord, and trouble. We shall but fulfill our duties as legislators by according "equal and exact justice to all men," special privileges to none.

„This is your country as well as anybody else's country. This country is founded upon the principle of equality. He that is meritorious and virtuous, intellectual and well informed, must stand highest, without regard to color.“

—  Andrew Johnson
To Union soldiers (1865), as quoted in Andrew Johnson: A Profile http://web.archive.org/web/20110316175449/http://home.nas.com/lopresti/ps17.htm (1969), "Johnson and the Negro", by Lawanda Cox and John H. Cox; edited by Eric L. McKitrick, Hill & Wang, New York pp. 141.

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„There are no good laws but such as repeal other laws.“

—  Andrew Johnson
Statement (1835), as quoted in Andrew Johnson, Plebeian and Patriot (1928) by Robert Watson Winston.

„Whenever you hear a man prating about the Constitution, spot him as a traitor.“

—  Andrew Johnson
Remark made by Johnson as military Governor of Tennessee, as quoted in A Reveiw of the Political Conflict in America (1876) by Alexander Harris, A Review of the Political Conflict in America http://books.google.com/books?id=SSJCAAAAIAAJ&pg=RA3-PA430&lpg=RA3-PA430&dq=%22Whenever+you+hear+a+man+prating+about+the+constitution,+spot+him+as+a+traitor.%22&source=bl&ots=qaAT3IyIjL&sig=BUycxkmzVIjpEmfNI5s_FxcjlvE&hl=en&ei=S_evS5jJO8H-8Abe5KSABw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CBMQ6AEwBA, p. 430.

„It's a damn poor mind that can only think of one way to spell a word.“

—  Andrew Johnson
More commonly misattributed to Andrew Jackson, the originator of this line is actually unknown.

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„Mr. Jefferson meant the white race.“

—  Andrew Johnson
Regarding the statement in the Declaration of Independence that "all men are created equal." "Speech on Harper's Ferry Incident", 12 December 1859; as printed in The papers of Andrew Johnson, Vol. 3: 1858-1860 (1972), ed. LeRoy P. Graf and Ralph W. Haskins, p. 320.

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