Frases de Auguste Comte
Fecha de nacimiento: 19. Enero 1798
Fecha de muerte: 5. Septiembre 1857
Auguste Comte, , es considerado el creador del positivismo y de la sociología.
Junto con Augustin Thierry, fue secretario del conde Henri de Saint-Simon durante siete años y ambos se separaron de él, debido a las muchas discrepancias que surgieron. Después de esta ruptura, Comte inició una etapa que calificó de "higiene cerebral" para alejarse de la influencia de las ideas de Saint-Simon.
Creó la palabra altruismo , en función de lo cual vivió: dio clases gratis de astronomía, escribió una enciclopedia de varios tomos él solo, todo para mejorar un mundo avaro en el que él sólo se empobreció. Su filosofía tuvo influencia tal que se fundaron países como Brasil en función de su filosofía, país en cuya bandera se lee Orden y Progreso, parte de la tríada filosófica de Comte . La influencia de su filosofía está tan entretejida en la vida de los países de los hombres ilustrados que ya no la distinguimos: la forma de ver a la ciencia como una fuente de progreso, la forma en la que organizamos las universidades, etc.
Frases Auguste Comte
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„There are three successive states of morality answering to the three principal stages of human life; the personal, the domestic, and the social stage.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 104
„Social positivism only accepts duties, for all and towards all. Its constant social viewpoint cannot include any notion of rights, for such notion always rests on individuality.“
Le Catéchisme positiviste (1852)
Contexto: Social positivism only accepts duties, for all and towards all. Its constant social viewpoint cannot include any notion of rights, for such notion always rests on individuality. We are born under a load of obligations of every kind, to our predecessors, to our successors, to our contemporaries. These obligations then increase or accumulate, for it is some time before we can return any service. … Any human right is therefore as absurd as immoral. Since there are no divine rights anymore, this concept must therefore disappear completely as related only to the preliminary regime and totally inconsistent with the final state where there are only duties based on functions.
„The principal means of realizing it will be the formation of an alliance between philosophers and the working classes, for which both are alike prepared by the negative and positive progress of the last five centuries. The direct object of their combined action will be to set in motion the force of Public Opinion.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 153
„Thus the social position of women is in this respect very similar to that of philosophers and of the working classes. And we now see why these three elements should be united. It is their combined action which constitutes the moral or modifying force of society.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 235
„The mathematical thermology created by Fourier may tempt us to hope that, as he has estimated the temperature of the space in which we move, me may in time ascertain the mean temperature of the heavenly bodies: but I regard this order of facts as for ever excluded from our recognition. We can never learn their internal constitution, nor, in regard to some of them, how heat is absorbed by their atmosphere. We may therefore define Astronomy as the science by which we discover the laws of the geometrical and mechanical phenomena presented by the heavenly bodies.“
Book II: Astronomy, Ch. I: General View
„The first condition of unity is a subjective principle; and this principle in the Positive system is the subordination of the intellect to the heart: Without this the unity that we seek can never be placed on a permanent basis, whether individually or collectively. It is essential to have some influence sufficiently powerful to produce convergence amid the heterogeneous and often antagonistic tendencies of so complex an organism as ours.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 24
„Notwithstanding the eminent difficulties of the mathematical theory of sonorous vibrations, we owe to it such progress as has yet been made in acoustics. The formation of the differential equations proper to the phenomena is, independent of their integration, a very important acquisition, on account of the approximations which mathematical analysis allows between questions, otherwise heterogeneous, which lead to similar equations. This fundamental property, whose value we have so often to recognize, applies remarkably in the present case; and especially since the creation of mathematical thermology, whose principal equations are strongly analogous to those of vibratory motion. This means of investigation is all the more valuable on account of the difficulties in the way of direct inquiry into the phenomena of sound. We may decide the necessity of the atmospheric medium for the transmission of sonorous vibrations; and we may conceive of the possibility of determining by experiment the duration of the propagation, in the air, and then through other media; but the general laws of the vibrations of sonorous bodies escape immediate observation. We should know almost nothing of the whole case if the mathematical theory did not come in to connect the different phenomena of sound, enabling us to substitute for direct observation an equivalent examination of more favorable cases subjected to the same law. For instance, when the analysis of the problem of vibrating chords has shown us that, other things being equal, the number of oscillations is hi inverse proportion to the length of the chord, we see that the most rapid vibrations of a very short chord may be counted, since the law enables us to direct our attention to very slow vibrations. The same substitution is at our command in many cases in which it is less direct.“
Bk. 3, chap. 4; as cited in: Moritz (1914, 240)
System of positive polity (1852)