Frases de Auguste Comte
Fecha de nacimiento: 19. Enero 1798
Fecha de muerte: 5. Septiembre 1857
Auguste Comte, , es considerado el creador del positivismo y de la sociología.
Junto con Augustin Thierry, fue secretario del conde Henri de Saint-Simon durante siete años y ambos se separaron de él, debido a las muchas discrepancias que surgieron. Después de esta ruptura, Comte inició una etapa que calificó de "higiene cerebral" para alejarse de la influencia de las ideas de Saint-Simon.
Creó la palabra altruismo , en función de lo cual vivió: dio clases gratis de astronomía, escribió una enciclopedia de varios tomos él solo, todo para mejorar un mundo avaro en el que él sólo se empobreció. Su filosofía tuvo influencia tal que se fundaron países como Brasil en función de su filosofía, país en cuya bandera se lee Orden y Progreso, parte de la tríada filosófica de Comte . La influencia de su filosofía está tan entretejida en la vida de los países de los hombres ilustrados que ya no la distinguimos: la forma de ver a la ciencia como una fuente de progreso, la forma en la que organizamos las universidades, etc.
Frases Auguste Comte
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„There are three successive states of morality answering to the three principal stages of human life; the personal, the domestic, and the social stage.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 104
„Social positivism only accepts duties, for all and towards all. Its constant social viewpoint cannot include any notion of rights, for such notion always rests on individuality.“
Le Catéchisme positiviste (1852)
Contexto: Social positivism only accepts duties, for all and towards all. Its constant social viewpoint cannot include any notion of rights, for such notion always rests on individuality. We are born under a load of obligations of every kind, to our predecessors, to our successors, to our contemporaries. These obligations then increase or accumulate, for it is some time before we can return any service. … Any human right is therefore as absurd as immoral. Since there are no divine rights anymore, this concept must therefore disappear completely as related only to the preliminary regime and totally inconsistent with the final state where there are only duties based on functions.
„The principal means of realizing it will be the formation of an alliance between philosophers and the working classes, for which both are alike prepared by the negative and positive progress of the last five centuries. The direct object of their combined action will be to set in motion the force of Public Opinion.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 153
„Thus the social position of women is in this respect very similar to that of philosophers and of the working classes. And we now see why these three elements should be united. It is their combined action which constitutes the moral or modifying force of society.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 235
„Language forms a kind of wealth, which all can make use of at once without causing any diminution of the store, and which thus admits a complete community of enjoyment; for all, freely participating in the general treasure, unconsciously aid in its preservation.“
Volume II, p. 213
System of positive polity (1852)
„The errors of Communism must be rectified; but there is no necessity for giving up the name, which is a simple assertion of the paramount importance of Social Feeling. However, now that we have happily passed from monarchy to republicanism, the name of Communist is no longer indispensable; the word Republican expresses the meaning as well, and without the same danger. Positivism, then, has nothing to fear from Communism; on the contrary, it will probably be accepted by most Communists among the working classes, especially in France where abstractions have but little influence on minds thoroughly emancipated from theology. The people will gradually find that the solution of the great social problem which Positivism offers is better than the Communistic solution.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 169
„All classes, therefore, must be brought under women’s influence; for all require to be reminded constantly of the great truth that Reason and Activity are subordinate to Feeling. Of their influence upon philosophers I have spoken. If they are men worthy of their mission, they will be conscious of the tendency which their life has to harden them and lead them into useless speculation; and they will feel the need of renewing the ardour of their social sympathy at its native source. Feeling, when it is pure and deep, corrects its own errors, because they clash with the good to which it is ever tending. But erroneous use of the intellectual or practical faculties, cannot be even recognized, much less corrected, without the aid of Affection, which is the only part of our nature that suffers directly from such errors. Therefore whenever either the philosopher or the people deviate from duty, it will be the part of women to remonstrate with them gently, and recall them to the true social principles which are entrusted to their special charge.“
Fuente: A General View of Positivism (1848, 1856), p. 253-254