Frases de Boris Yeltsin

Boris Yeltsin Foto
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Boris Yeltsin

Fecha de nacimiento: 1. Febrero 1931
Fecha de muerte: 23. Abril 2007
Otros nombres: Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin

Borís Nikoláyevich Yeltsin ?, pronunciación Butká, óblast de Sverdlovsk, Unión Soviética, 1 de febrero de 1931-Moscú, Rusia, 23 de abril de 2007 fue presidente de la Federación de Rusia, cargo que ejerció entre 1991 y 1999.

El 11 de julio de 1990, durante la celebración del XXVIII Congreso del Partido Comunista de la Unión Soviética, Borís Yeltsin anuncia su baja en el PCUS. En las elecciones presidenciales de junio de 1991 Borís Yeltsin, presentándose como independiente, sale elegido presidente de la República Socialista Federativa Soviética de Rusia con el 57 % de los votos.

Fue reelegido en 1996, derrotando a Guennadi Ziugánov del revivido Partido Comunista. Sin embargo, Yeltsin nunca recuperó su popularidad inicial después de una serie de crisis económicas y políticas en Rusia durante la década de 1990.

En agosto de 1991, Yeltsin se ganó los aplausos internacionales al promoverse a sí mismo como un demócrata y por desafiar el intento de golpe de Estado de agosto de 1991 llevado a cabo por los comunistas de línea dura en el gobierno soviético y en la KGB. Tras la disolución de la Unión Soviética en diciembre de 1991, Yeltsin se comprometió a transformar la economía socialista de Rusia en una economía de libre mercado e implementó la terapia de choque económico, la liberalización de los precios y los programas de privatización. Debido al método de privatización, una buena parte de la riqueza nacional cayó en manos de un pequeño grupo de oligarcas.[1]​

La era Yeltsin estuvo marcada por la corrupción generalizada, el colapso económico, dos guerras en Chechenia y enormes problemas sociales y políticos que afectaron a Rusia y a otros antiguos Estados de la Unión Soviética. Durante los primeros años de su presidencia, muchos de los partidarios políticos de Yeltsin se volvieron contra él y el Vicepresidente Aleksandr Rutskói denunció a las reformas como un «genocidio económico».[2]​ Los constantes enfrentamientos con el Parlamento culminaron en la crisis constitucional rusa de octubre de 1993, cuando el Parlamento intentó apartar de su cargo a Yeltsin y este, como respuesta, asedió la Casa Blanca rusa, en la que murieron cientos de personas. Yeltsin se deshizo de la Constitución vigente, prohibió temporalmente la oposición política y prosiguió con su experimentación económica. A continuación, introdujo una nueva Constitución con un fuerte poder presidencial y que fue aprobada por un polémico referéndum antes de finalizar el año.

El 31 de diciembre de 1999, Yeltsin hizo un sorpresivo anuncio de su renuncia, dejando la presidencia en manos de su sucesor, el entonces primer ministro, Vladímir Putin. Yeltsin dejó el cargo siendo ampliamente impopular entre la población rusa.[3]​ Según algunas estimaciones, sus índices de aprobación al dejar el cargo fueron tan bajos como el 2 %.[4]​ Wikipedia

Frases Boris Yeltsin

„Las huelgas ya han empezado en Leningrado y algunas fábricas en los Urales también se han sumado. Donde sea que se escucha mi llamamiento a la huelga, la gente lo respalda.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Fuente: Pronunciada el 19 de agosto de 1991, tras subirse a un tanque en las afueras del Parlamento e instar a persistir en el golpe de estado llevado a cabo por comunistas contra el presidente soviético Mikhail Gorbachov.

„La vida nos ha demostrado con algo de brutalidad que Rusia no puede sentirse segura sin su propia guardia nacional.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Fuente: Pronunciada el 22 de agosto de 1991, dirigiéndose a sus partidarios después del fracaso del intento de golpe de estado.

„(La guerra) podría haber sido uno de mis errores.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Refiriéndose al conflicto en Chechenia que comenzó en 1994.

„Un hombre debe vivir como una gran llama brillante y quemarse tan intensamente como pueda. Al final se quema. Pero esto es mucho mejor que una pequeña llama mediana.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Fuente: Declaración a un periodista de Times en 1990, citado en "El ingenio y la sabiduría de BorisThe wit and wisdom of Boris" en Guardian Unlimited (23 de abril de 2007).

„No hablemos acerca del comunismo. El comunismo fue sólo una idea, un castillo en el aire.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Fuente: En 1989, durante una visita a Estados Unidos. Citado en The Independent [Londres] (12 de septiembre de 1989).

„Russia must enter the new millennium with new politicians, with new faces, with new, smart, strong, energetic people.
And we who have been in power for many years already, we must go.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Variant translation: Russian must enter the new millennium with new politicians, new faces, new intelligent and energetic people...
As quoted in The 100 Greatest Heroes (2003) p. 60 by Harry Paul Jeffers
1990s, Farewell speech (1999)
Contexto: Today I am turning to you for the last time with New Year's greetings. But that's not all. Today I am turning to you for the last time as president of Russia.
I have made a decision.
I thought long and hard over it. Today, on the last day of the departing century, I am resigning.
I have heard many times that "Yeltsin will hang onto power by any means, he won't give it to anyone." That's a lie.
But that's not the point. I have always said that I would not depart one bit from the constitution. That Duma elections should take place in the constitutionally established terms. That was done. And I also wanted presidential elections to take place on time — in June 2000. This was very important for Russia. We are creating a very important precedent of a civilized, voluntary transfer of power, power from one president of Russia to another, newly elected one.
And still, I made a different decision. I am leaving. I am leaving earlier than the set term.
I have understood that it was necessary for me to do this. Russia must enter the new millennium with new politicians, with new faces, with new, smart, strong, energetic people.
And we who have been in power for many years already, we must go.
Seeing with what hope and faith people voted in the Duma elections for a new generation of politicians, I understood that I have completed the main thing of my life. Already, Russia will never return to the past. Now, Russia will always move only forward.

„Today, on this day that is so extraordinarily important for me, I want to say just a few more personal words than usual.
I want to ask for your forgiveness.
For the fact that many of the dreams we shared did not come true. And for the fact that what seemed simple to us turned out to be tormentingly difficult.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

1990s, Farewell speech (1999)
Contexto: Today, on this day that is so extraordinarily important for me, I want to say just a few more personal words than usual.
I want to ask for your forgiveness.
For the fact that many of the dreams we shared did not come true. And for the fact that what seemed simple to us turned out to be tormentingly difficult. I ask forgiveness for not justifying some hopes of those people who believed that at one stroke, in one spurt, we could leap from the gray, stagnant, totalitarian past into the light, rich, civilized future. I myself believed in this, that we could overcome everything in one spurt.
I turned out to be too naive in something. In some places, problems seemed to be too complicated. We forced our way forward through mistakes, through failures. Many people in this hard time experienced shock.

„It looks as if some people either have a short memory and are forgetting about that time and the events that occurred then“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Interview on Zerkalo http://web.archive.org/web/20021117080050/http://www.cdi.org/russia/johnson/6011-5.cfm (RTR) (29 December 2001)
2000s
Contexto: It looks as if some people either have a short memory and are forgetting about that time and the events that occurred then … Let us recall the putsch of August 19, 1991. It was after the putsch that the republics began, one after another, to declare their independence.
Russia also declared its independence. This was approved by the Supreme Soviet, and you know and remember that there was the Declaration on the Independence of Russia. So, the entire course of history was leading to a point when the regime, the political regime in the country had to be changed. It demonstrated that the Union was not as strong as this was loudly preached by mass media and the propaganda in general. The republics wished to become independent. This must only be welcomed... We have good peaceful relations and there were no military clashes. None of these countries had revolutions with bloody casualties and there was no civil war in any of the republics... Russia had to change and it did change.

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„None of these countries had revolutions with bloody casualties and there was no civil war in any of the republics… Russia had to change and it did change.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Interview on Zerkalo http://web.archive.org/web/20021117080050/http://www.cdi.org/russia/johnson/6011-5.cfm (RTR) (29 December 2001)
2000s
Contexto: It looks as if some people either have a short memory and are forgetting about that time and the events that occurred then … Let us recall the putsch of August 19, 1991. It was after the putsch that the republics began, one after another, to declare their independence.
Russia also declared its independence. This was approved by the Supreme Soviet, and you know and remember that there was the Declaration on the Independence of Russia. So, the entire course of history was leading to a point when the regime, the political regime in the country had to be changed. It demonstrated that the Union was not as strong as this was loudly preached by mass media and the propaganda in general. The republics wished to become independent. This must only be welcomed... We have good peaceful relations and there were no military clashes. None of these countries had revolutions with bloody casualties and there was no civil war in any of the republics... Russia had to change and it did change.

„I am convinced that the moment is coming when, with its message of eternal, universal values, it will come to the aid of our society.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

On the renewal of the Christian church in Russia, p. 251
1990s, Against the Grain (1990)
Contexto: I am convinced that the moment is coming when, with its message of eternal, universal values, it will come to the aid of our society. For in these words: "Thou shalt not kill; Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself," lie those very moral principles that will enable us to survive even the most critical situations.

„Liberty sets the mind free, fosters independence and unorthodox thinking and ideas. But it does not offer instant prosperity or happiness and wealth to everyone.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

As quoted in Russia and the Independent States (1993) by Daniel C. Diller, p. 446
1990s
Contexto: Liberty sets the mind free, fosters independence and unorthodox thinking and ideas. But it does not offer instant prosperity or happiness and wealth to everyone. This is something that politicians in particular must keep in mind.

„I am leaving. I did all I could“

—  Boris Yeltsin

1990s, Farewell speech (1999)
Contexto: Today it's important for me to tell you. The pain of each of you has called forth pain in me, in my heart. Sleepless nights, tormenting worries — about what needed to be done, so that people could live more easily and better. I did not have any more important task.
I am leaving. I did all I could — not according to my health, but on the basis of all the problems. A new generation is relieving me, a generation of those who can do more and better.
In accordance with the constitution, as I resign, I have signed a decree placing the duties of the president of Russia on the head of government, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin. For three months, again in accordance with the constitution, he will be the head of state. And in three months, presidential elections will take place.

„Today I am turning to you for the last time with New Year's greetings. But that's not all. Today I am turning to you for the last time as president of Russia.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Variant translation: Russian must enter the new millennium with new politicians, new faces, new intelligent and energetic people...
As quoted in The 100 Greatest Heroes (2003) p. 60 by Harry Paul Jeffers
1990s, Farewell speech (1999)
Contexto: Today I am turning to you for the last time with New Year's greetings. But that's not all. Today I am turning to you for the last time as president of Russia.
I have made a decision.
I thought long and hard over it. Today, on the last day of the departing century, I am resigning.
I have heard many times that "Yeltsin will hang onto power by any means, he won't give it to anyone." That's a lie.
But that's not the point. I have always said that I would not depart one bit from the constitution. That Duma elections should take place in the constitutionally established terms. That was done. And I also wanted presidential elections to take place on time — in June 2000. This was very important for Russia. We are creating a very important precedent of a civilized, voluntary transfer of power, power from one president of Russia to another, newly elected one.
And still, I made a different decision. I am leaving. I am leaving earlier than the set term.
I have understood that it was necessary for me to do this. Russia must enter the new millennium with new politicians, with new faces, with new, smart, strong, energetic people.
And we who have been in power for many years already, we must go.
Seeing with what hope and faith people voted in the Duma elections for a new generation of politicians, I understood that I have completed the main thing of my life. Already, Russia will never return to the past. Now, Russia will always move only forward.

„One could see that what you are writing was that today's meeting with President Bill Clinton was going to be a disaster. Now, for the first time, I can tell you that you are a disaster.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Speaking to the press following a "postively productive" meeting http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=50688 with Bill Clinton (24 October 1995)
Alternative translation: those anticipating a failure of the meeting "have failed" ("вы провалились").
1990s

„Let's not talk about Communism. Communism was just an idea, just pie in the sky.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Comment during a visit to the United States, as quoted in The Independent [London] (12 September 1989)
1980s

„You can build a throne with bayonets, but it's difficult to sit on it.“

—  Boris Yeltsin

Televised speech (4 October 1993), as quoted in A Democracy of Despots (1995) by Donald Murray. p. 8
Variant translations: You can make a throne of bayonets, but you can't sit on it for long.
You can build a throne with bayonets, but you can't sit on it for long.
1990s

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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