Frases de Ernest Shackleton

Ernest Shackleton Foto
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Ernest Shackleton

Fecha de nacimiento: 15. Febrero 1874
Fecha de muerte: 5. Enero 1922

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Ernest Henry Shackleton fue un explorador polar anglo-irlandés, una de las principales figuras de la conocida como Edad heroica de la exploración de la Antártida. Su primera experiencia en las regiones polares fue como tercer oficial de la Expedición Discovery del capitán Robert Falcon Scott, de la cual tuvo que regresar prematuramente por motivos de salud. Determinado a resarcirse de lo que él sintió como un fracaso personal, retornó a la Antártida en 1907 como líder de la Expedición Nimrod. En enero de 1909 él y sus tres compañeros hicieron una marcha que les llevó al punto más al sur jamás hollado por el hombre en la Antártida, en la latitud 88° 23′ S, a unos 190 km del Polo Sur. Por este logro, a su vuelta a casa, Shackleton fue nombrado sir por el rey Eduardo VII.

Al acabar la carrera por la conquista del Polo Sur con la victoria del noruego Roald Amundsen, Shackleton centró su atención en lo que él consideró el último gran objetivo de los viajes en la Antártida: cruzar el continente helado de punta a punta pasando a través del polo. Para este fin hizo los preparativos de lo que acabaría llamándose Expedición Imperial Transantártica . Sin embargo, la mala suerte se cebó con la empresa cuando su barco, el Endurance, quedó atrapado en una banquisa de hielo que lo fue aplastando lentamente y lo acabó hundiendo. Los exploradores estuvieron aislados más de dos años, pero gracias a la habilidad de su líder consiguieron regresar todos con vida del continente helado, una hazaña que llevó a Shackleton a ser considerado un héroe. En 1921 el explorador organizó un nuevo viaje a la Antártida con fines científicos, la Expedición Shackleton-Rowett, pero antes de que ésta llegara al continente helado, Ernest Shackleton sufrió un ataque al corazón y murió mientras su barco, el Quest, estaba amarrado en las islas Georgias del Sur. Fue enterrado allí por deseo de su esposa.

Shackleton tuvo una vida inquieta e insatisfecha. En su empeño por hacer fortuna puso en marcha numerosos negocios y proyectos, ninguno de los cuales prosperó. Sus asuntos financieros nunca fueron bien gestionados y murió muy endeudado. Tras su fallecimiento la prensa lo ensalzó, pero pronto su recuerdo cayó en el olvido mientras la reputación heroica de su rival Robert Scott permanecía en lo más alto durante décadas. Shackleton fue «redescubierto» a fines del siglo XX y pronto se convirtió en una figura de culto y un modelo de liderazgo a seguir como alguien que, en circunstancias extremas, mantuvo unido a su equipo en una historia de supervivencia descrita por la historiadora Stephanie Barczewski como «increíble».

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Frases Ernest Shackleton

„We had "suffered, starved and triumphed, groveled down yet grasped at glory, grown bigger in the bigness of the whole. We had seen God in His splendours, heard the text that Nature renders." We had reached the naked soul of man.“

—  Ernest Shackleton
Context: At the bottom of the fall we were able to stand again on dry land. The rope could not be recovered. We had flung down the adze from the top of the fall and also the logbook and the cooker wrapped in one of our blouses. That was all, except our wet clothes, that we brought out of the Antarctic, which we had entered a year and a half before with well-found ship, full equipment, and high hopes. That was all of tangible things; but in memories we were rich. We had pierced the veneer of outside things. We had "suffered, starved and triumphed, groveled down yet grasped at glory, grown bigger in the bigness of the whole. We had seen God in His splendours, heard the text that Nature renders." We had reached the naked soul of man. Ch 10 : Across South Georgia; in this extract, Shackleton was paraphrasing the poem "The Call of the Wild" by Robert Service, published in 1907.

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„The difficulties of the journey lay behind us.“

—  Ernest Shackleton
Context: The difficulties of the journey lay behind us. We tried to straighten ourselves up a bit, for the thought that there might be women at the station made us painfully conscious of our uncivilized appearance. Our beards were long and our hair was matted. We were unwashed and the garments that we had worn for nearly a year without a change were tattered and stained. Three more unpleasant-looking ruffians could hardly have been imagined. Worsley produced several safety-pins from some corner of his garments and effected some temporary repairs that really emphasized his general disrepair. Down we hurried, and when quite close to the station we met two small boys ten or twelve years of age. I asked these lads where the manager's house was situated. They did not answer. They gave us one look — a comprehensive look that did not need to be repeated. Then they ran from us as fast as their legs would carry them. We reached the outskirts of the station and passed through the " digesting-house," which was dark inside. Emerging at the other end, we met an old man, who started as if he had seen the Devil himself and gave us no time to ask any question. He hurried away. Ch 10 : Across South Georgia

„At the bottom of the fall we were able to stand again on dry land.“

—  Ernest Shackleton
Context: At the bottom of the fall we were able to stand again on dry land. The rope could not be recovered. We had flung down the adze from the top of the fall and also the logbook and the cooker wrapped in one of our blouses. That was all, except our wet clothes, that we brought out of the Antarctic, which we had entered a year and a half before with well-found ship, full equipment, and high hopes. That was all of tangible things; but in memories we were rich. We had pierced the veneer of outside things. We had "suffered, starved and triumphed, groveled down yet grasped at glory, grown bigger in the bigness of the whole. We had seen God in His splendours, heard the text that Nature renders." We had reached the naked soul of man. Ch 10 : Across South Georgia; in this extract, Shackleton was paraphrasing the poem "The Call of the Wild" by Robert Service, published in 1907.

„I have been thinking much of our prospects.“

—  Ernest Shackleton
Context: I have been thinking much of our prospects. The appearance of Clarence Island after our long drift seems, somehow, to convey an ultimatum. The island is the last outpost of the south and our final chance of a landing-place. Beyond it lies the broad Atlantic. Our little boats may be compelled any day now to sail unsheltered over the open sea with a thousand leagues of ocean separating them from the land to the north and east. It seems vital that we shall land on Clarence Island or its neighbour, Elephant Island. The latter island has an attraction for us, although as far as I know nobody has ever landed there. Its name suggests the presence of the plump and succulent sea-elephant. We have an increasing desire in any case to get firm ground under our feet. The floe has been a good friend to us, but it is reaching the end of its journey, and it is liable at any time now to break up and fling us into the unplumbed sea. Ch. 8 : Escape From The Ice

„Difficulties are just things to overcome after all.“

—  Ernest Shackleton
Quoted in Shackleton (2013) by Roland Huntford https://books.google.cl/books?id=U6MNkTbRwtwC&pg=PT250&lpg=PT250&dq=Difficulties+are+just+things+to+overcome+after+all&source=bl&ots=3gWt7QcL43&sig=y5CzkBvxAdWC7MlWA3eP1eNkpDs&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Difficulties%20are%20just%20things%20to%20overcome%20after%20all&f=false

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„Optimism is true moral courage.“

—  Ernest Shackleton
Quoted in South with Shackleton (1949) by L. D. A. Hussey; also in The National Geographic Magazine (1998), Vol. 194, p. 90 https://books.google.com/books?id=RflKAAAAYAAJ&q=%22Optimism+is+true+moral+courage%22&dq=%22Optimism+is+true+moral+courage%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uPISVYCTK8_loAT_kYDIBw&ved=0CNABEOgBMCA

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