Frases de Hans-Georg Gadamer

Hans-Georg Gadamer Foto
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Hans-Georg Gadamer

Fecha de nacimiento: 11. Febrero 1900
Fecha de muerte: 13. Marzo 2002

Hans-Georg Gadamer fue un filósofo alemán especialmente conocido por su obra Verdad y método y por su renovación de la Hermenéutica. Fue discípulo de Heidegger y el más relevante de la época.[1]​ Es autor de numerosos ensayos de historia de la filosofía, estética y filosofía de la historia, entre los que destaca Des Erbes Europas .[1]​ Wikipedia

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„Hay en griego una palabra que ahora podrá parecer chocante, y que se lo parecía sin duda a los griegos, aunque no formulasen mayores interrogantes al respecto: la “philautía”, el “amor a sí mismo”. Pues bien, de eso se trata, de hallar en el amor a sí mismo el verdadero fundamento y condición de cualquier tipo de vinculación con otros y de vinculatividad para uno mismo (Gadamer, 2002, p. 82)

» […] ¿Es, pues, eso la verdadera amistad? No, tampoco es eso aún. La tesis más audaz es la que reza: la primera amistad que se necesita es la uno consigo mismo. Si no la hay, ni se está para el otro ni se llega a estar realmente vinculado con él. ¡Pero que lejos queda eso de lo que llamamos “vinculante”! (Gadamer, 2002, p. 83).

»[…] Evidentemente es amistad lo que añade Aristóteles: reconocerse en el otro y que el otro se reconozca en uno. Pero no sólo en el sentido de “así es ese”, sino también en el de concedernos recíprocamente el ser diferentes, más aún, por decirlo en palabras de Droysen: “Así tienes que ser, pues es así como te quiero” (Gadamer, 2002, p. 84).

»[…] De modo que, tal vez, el sentido más genuino y profundo de ese conocerse a sí mismo no sea otro que la certidumbre de que uno nunca percibe del todo hasta que qué punto está involucrado en su amor a sí mismo, incluso allí donde se piensa que es auténticamente amigo de otro. Pero si un auténtico acuerdo consigo mismo es condición previa para la amistad con otro, ¿qué es realmente esa amistad? (Gadamer, 2002, p. 84).

»[…] En la solidaridad que uno declara, ya sea libremente o a la fuerza, hay siempre, en cualquier caso, una renuncia a los intereses y preferencias más propios. La solidaridad nos hace renunciar a ciertas cosas en una cierta dirección, en un cierto momento, al servició de algún objetivo. (Gadamer, 2002, p. 86).

»[…] Desde luego la convivencia entre las personas sería imposible si no hubiese entre ellas algo así como una camaradería. (Gadamer, 2002, 87). Esto nos sitúa ante la tarea tanto de estar de acuerdo con nosotros mismos como de mantenernos de acuerdo con otros. No existe ninguna fuerza de la naturaleza que pueda lograr eso en nuestro lugar» (Gadamer, 2002, p. 88).“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Philosophical Hermeneutics

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„The work of art that says something confronts us itself. That is, it expresses something in such a way that what is said is like a discovery, a disclosure of something previously concealed.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Fuente: Aesthetics and Hermeneutics (1964), p. 101 http://books.google.com/books?id=7RP-TggufEEC&pg=PA101 (quotation is from Goethe)
Contexto: The work of art that says something confronts us itself. That is, it expresses something in such a way that what is said is like a discovery, a disclosure of something previously concealed. The element of surprise is based on this. "So true, so filled with being" [So wahr, so seiend] is not something one knows any other way. Everything familiar is eclipsed. To understand what the work of art says to us is therefore a self-encounter.

„The free artist creates without a commission.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer, libro Truth and Method

Fuente: Truth and Method (1960), p. 76
Contexto: The free artist creates without a commission. He seems distinguished by the complete independence of his creativity and thus acquires the characteristic social features of an outsider whose style of life cannot be measured by the standards of public morality. The concept of the bohemian which arose in the nineteenth century reflects this process. The home of the Gypsies became the generic word for the artist's way of life.
But at the same time the artist, who is as "free as a bird or a fish," bears the burden of a vocation that makes him an ambiguous figure. For a cultured society that has fallen away from its religious traditions expects more from art than the aesthetic consciousness and the "standpoint of art" can deliver. The Romantic desire for a new mythology... gives the artist and his task in the world the consciousness of a new consecration. He is something like a "secular saviour' for his creations are expected to achieve on a small scale the propitiation of disaster for which an unsaved world hopes.

„The real being of language is that into which we are taken up when we hear it — what is said.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Man and Language (1966)
Contexto: The more language is a living operation, the less we are aware of it. Thus it follows that from the forgetfulness of language that its real being consists in what is said in it. What is said in it constitutes the common world in which we live. … The real being of language is that into which we are taken up when we hear it — what is said.

„A kind of anticipation of meaning guides the effort to understand from the very beginning.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Fuente: Aesthetics and Hermeneutics (1964), p. 101 http://books.google.com/books?id=7RP-TggufEEC&pg=PA101
Contexto: We cannot understand without wanting to understand, that is, without wanting to let something be said. It would be an inadmissible abstraction to contend that we must first have achieved a contemporaneousness with the author or the original reader by means of a reconstruction of his historical horizon before we could begin to grasp the meaning of what is said. A kind of anticipation of meaning guides the effort to understand from the very beginning.

„In fact history does not belong to us but rather we to it. Long before we understand ourselves through the process of self-examination, we understand ourselves in a self-evident way in the family, society, and state in which we live. The focus of subjectivity is a distorting mirror. The self awareness of the Individual is only a flickering in the closed circuit of historical life. That is why the prejudices of an individual are — much more than that individual's judgments — the historical reality of his being.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer, libro Truth and Method

Fuente: Truth and Method (1960), p. 289
Variant translation: In truth history does not belong to us but rather we to history. … The focus of subjectivity is a distorted mirror. Individual self-reflection is merely a flickering in the closed circuit of historical life. That is why the prejudices of an individual are —much more than that individual's judgments — the historical reality of his being.
As quoted in Tom Neton, "Hermeneutical Truth and the Structure of Human Experience: Gadamer's Critique of Dilthey" in The Specter of Relativism: Truth, Dialogue, and Phronesis in Philosophical Hermeneutics (1995) edited by Lawrence Schmidt.

„Aristotle established the classical definition of man, according to which man is the living being who has logos.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Man and Language (1966)
Contexto: Aristotle established the classical definition of man, according to which man is the living being who has logos. In the tradition of the West, this definition became canonical in a form which stated that man is the animal rationale, the rational being, distinguished from all other animals by his capacity for thought. Thus it rendered the Greek word logos as reason or thought. In truth, however, the primary meaning of this word is language.... The word logos means not only thought and language, but also concept and law.

„The more language is a living operation, the less we are aware of it.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Man and Language (1966)
Contexto: The more language is a living operation, the less we are aware of it. Thus it follows that from the forgetfulness of language that its real being consists in what is said in it. What is said in it constitutes the common world in which we live. … The real being of language is that into which we are taken up when we hear it — what is said.

„What man needs is not just the persistent posing of ultimate questions, but the sense of what is feasible, what is possible, what is correct, here and now.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer, libro Truth and Method

Foreword to the Second Edition, p. xxiv.
Truth and Method (1960)
Contexto: What man needs is not just the persistent posing of ultimate questions, but the sense of what is feasible, what is possible, what is correct, here and now. The philosopher, of all people, must, I think, be aware of the tension between what he claims to achieve and the reality in which he finds himself.

„Everything depends on how something is said.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Fuente: Aesthetics and Hermeneutics (1964), p. 102 http://books.google.com/books?id=7RP-TggufEEC&pg=PA102
Contexto: The language of art is constituted precisely by the fact that it speaks to the self-understanding of every person, and it does this as ever present and by means of its own contemporaneousness. Indeed, precisely the contemporaneousness of the work allows it to come to expression in language. Everything depends on how something is said.

„We cannot understand without wanting to understand, that is, without wanting to let something be said.“

—  Hans-Georg Gadamer

Fuente: Aesthetics and Hermeneutics (1964), p. 101 http://books.google.com/books?id=7RP-TggufEEC&pg=PA101
Contexto: We cannot understand without wanting to understand, that is, without wanting to let something be said. It would be an inadmissible abstraction to contend that we must first have achieved a contemporaneousness with the author or the original reader by means of a reconstruction of his historical horizon before we could begin to grasp the meaning of what is said. A kind of anticipation of meaning guides the effort to understand from the very beginning.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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