Frases de Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman Foto
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Harry S. Truman

Fecha de nacimiento: 8. Mayo 1884
Fecha de muerte: 26. Diciembre 1972
Otros nombres:Harry Spencer Truman

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Harry S. Truman fue el trigésimo tercer presidente de los Estados Unidos desde 1945 hasta 1953. Previamente, fue el trigésimo cuarto vicepresidente durante el breve cuarto mandato de Franklin Delano Roosevelt entre enero y abril de 1945 y llegó a la presidencia el 12 de abril de ese año, debido al fallecimiento de Roosevelt.

Durante la Primera Guerra Mundial, Truman fue oficial de artillería, convirtiéndose en el único presidente del país que combatió en esa guerra . Después de que la guerra se convirtiese en parte de la maquinaria política del jefe policial Tom Pendergast y fuese elegido comisionado del condado en Missouri, se convirtió en senador demócrata de los Estados Unidos. Después de ganar fama a nivel nacional como Jefe de la Comisión Truman, sustituyó al vicepresidente Henry A. Wallace como compañero de fórmula de Roosevelt en las elecciones de 1944.

Como presidente, Truman se enfrentó a complicados asuntos internos. La reconversión desordenada de posguerra de la economía de los Estados Unidos estuvo marcada por una grave escasez, numerosas huelgas, y la aprobación de la Ley de Trabajo y Mantenimiento contra los sindicatos por el Congreso y por encima del veto presidencial. Contra todo pronóstico ganó las elecciones de 1948, ayudado por su famoso Whistle Stop Tour. Después de su elección, solo fue capaz de sacar adelante una de las propuestas de su programa llamado Fair Deal. Usó las órdenes ejecutivas para iniciar la desmovilización de las fuerzas armadas y creó «controles de lealtad», despidiendo a miles de simpatizantes comunistas de sus cargos. Su firme oposición a los juramentos de lealtad obligatoria para los empleados gubernamentales, le costó acusaciones de que su gobierno estaba siendo «blando» con el comunismo. La presidencia de Truman estuvo llena de acontecimientos internacionales, como el fin de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y su decisión de usar armas nucleares contra Japón[2]​ —en los que murieron más de 220 000 personas[3]​—, la fundación de las Naciones Unidas, el Plan Marshall para reconstruir Europa, la Doctrina Truman para contener el comunismo, el comienzo de la Guerra Fría, el puente aéreo de Berlín, la creación de la Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte , la Guerra Civil China y la Guerra de Corea. La corrupción en la administración Truman, vinculada a ciertos miembros del gabinete y altos funcionarios de la Casa Blanca, fue un tema central en las elecciones presidenciales de 1952 y provocó que Adlai Stevenson, el candidato presidencial demócrata en las elecciones de 1952, perdiese ante el republicano Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Truman, cuya actitud era distinta a la de Roosevelt, fue un presidente tranquilo, sin pretensiones. Popularizó frases como The buck stops here y If you can't stand the heat, you better get out of the kitchen .[4]​ Superó las bajas expectativas de muchos observadores políticos, que lo comparaban desfavorablemente con su muy respetado predecesor. En distintos momentos de su presidencia, Truman tuvo el nivel más bajo de aprobación pública registrada hasta 1991.[5]​[6]​ A pesar de la opinión negativa de los ciudadanos durante su mandato, las evaluaciones posteriores y académicas de su presidencia llegaron a ser positivas después de su retiro de la política, y la publicación de sus memorias. La inesperada victoria de Truman en 1948 es a menudo invocada por los candidatos presidenciales con menores posibilidades.

Frases Harry S. Truman

„It is amazing what you can accomplish if you do not care who gets the credit“

— Harry Truman
This is attributed to Truman in some sources, but a similar saying is recorded as early as [https://books.google.com/books?id=bidJAAAAIAAJ&dq=how%20much%20%22care%20who%20gets%20the%20credit%22&pg=PA26#v=onepage&q=how%20much%20%22care%20who%20gets%20the%20credit%22&f=false 1909].

„We must help to the limits of our strength. And we will.“

— Harry Truman
Context: Any man who sees Europe now must realize that victory in a great war is not something you win once and for all, like victory in a ball game. Victory in a great war is something that must be won and kept won. It can be lost after you have won it — if you are careless or negligent or indifferent. Europe today is hungry. I am not talking about Germans. I am talking about the people of the countries which were overrun and devastated by the Germans, and particularly about the people of Western Europe. Many of them lack clothes and fuel and tools and shelter and raw materials. They lack the means to restore their cities and their factories. As the winter comes on, the distress will increase. Unless we do what we can to help, we may lose next winter what we won at such terrible cost last spring. Desperate men are liable to destroy the structure of their society to find in the wreckage some substitute for hope. If we let Europe go cold and hungry, we may lose some of the foundations of order on which the hope for worldwide peace must rest. We must help to the limits of our strength. And we will.

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„We want no Gestapo or Secret Police. F.B.I. is tending in that direction. They are dabbling in sex life scandles [sic] and plain blackmail when they should be catching criminals. They also have a habit of sneering at local law enforcement officers.“

— Harry Truman
Context: We want no Gestapo or Secret Police. F. B. I. is tending in that direction. They are dabbling in sex life scandles [sic] and plain blackmail when they should be catching criminals. They also have a habit of sneering at local law enforcement officers. [https://trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/study_collections/trumanpapers/psf/longhand/index.php?documentVersion=both&documentid=hst-psf_naid735219-01&pagenumber=2 Longhand Note of President Harry S. Truman, May 12, 1945.]

„The responsibility of the great states is to serve and not to dominate the world.“

— Harry Truman
Context: If wars in the future are to be prevented the nations must be united in their determination to keep the peace under law. Nothing is more essential to the future peace of the world than continued cooperation of the nations which had to muster the force necessary to defeat the conspiracy of the Axis powers to dominate the world. While these great states have a special responsibility to enforce the peace, their responsibility is based upon the obligations resting upon all states, large and small, not to use force in international relations except in the defense of law. The responsibility of the great states is to serve and not to dominate the world.

„A politician is a man who understands government, and it takes a politician to run a government. A statesman is a politician who's been dead 10 or 15 years.“

— Harry Truman
Context: I'm proud that I'm a politician. A politician is a man who understands government, and it takes a politician to run a government. A statesman is a politician who's been dead 10 or 15 years. [http://books.google.com/books?id=2Tu3bScwKKAC&q=%22I'm+proud+that+I'm+a+politician+A+politician+is+a+man+who+understands+government+and+it+takes+a+politician+to+run+a+government+A+statesman+is+a+politician+who's+been+dead+10+or+15+years%22&pg=PT289#v=onepage Impromptu remarks] before the Reciprocity Club, Washington, D.C. (11 April 1958) As quoted in The New York World Telegram & Sun (12 April 1958)

„Desperate men are liable to destroy the structure of their society to find in the wreckage some substitute for hope.“

— Harry Truman
Context: Any man who sees Europe now must realize that victory in a great war is not something you win once and for all, like victory in a ball game. Victory in a great war is something that must be won and kept won. It can be lost after you have won it — if you are careless or negligent or indifferent. Europe today is hungry. I am not talking about Germans. I am talking about the people of the countries which were overrun and devastated by the Germans, and particularly about the people of Western Europe. Many of them lack clothes and fuel and tools and shelter and raw materials. They lack the means to restore their cities and their factories. As the winter comes on, the distress will increase. Unless we do what we can to help, we may lose next winter what we won at such terrible cost last spring. Desperate men are liable to destroy the structure of their society to find in the wreckage some substitute for hope. If we let Europe go cold and hungry, we may lose some of the foundations of order on which the hope for worldwide peace must rest. We must help to the limits of our strength. And we will.

„At the present moment in world history nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The choice is too often not a free one.“

— Harry Truman
Context: At the present moment in world history nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The choice is too often not a free one. One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions, representative government, free elections, guarantees of individual liberty, freedom of speech and religion, and freedom from political oppression. The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio; fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. Speech to a joint session of the US Congress (12 March 1947), outlining what became known as The Truman Doctrine

„Now days battles are just sort of a "You shoot up my town and I'll shoot up yours."“

— Harry Truman
Context: Now days battles are just sort of a "You shoot up my town and I'll shoot up yours." They say that Americans don't play fair. They shoot 'em up all the time. I hope so because I want to finish this job as soon as possible and begin making an honest living again... Have fired 500 rounds at the Germans, at my command, been shelled, didn't run away thank the Lord and never lost a man. Probably shouldn't have told you but you'll not worry any more if you know I'm in it than if you think I am. Have had the most strenuous work of my life, am very tired but otherwise absolutely in good condition physically mentally and morally... When a High Explosive shell bursts in fifteen feet and does you no damage, you can bet your sweet life you bear a charmed life and no mistake. I didn't have sense enough to know what was going on until the next day and then I was pretty scared. The men think I am not much afraid of shells but they don't know. I was too scared to run and that is pretty scared. [https://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/study_collections/ww1/documents/fulltext.php?documentid=1-15 Letter to Bess Wallace (8 September 1918)]

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„It is an awful responsibility which has come to us.“

— Harry Truman
Context: It is an awful responsibility which has come to us. We thank God that it has come to us, instead of to our enemies; and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His ways and for His purposes.

„All these things we knew before.“

— Harry Truman
Context: Our victory in Europe was more than a victory of arms. It was a victory of one way of life over another. It was a victory of an ideal founded on the rights of the common man, on the dignity of the human being, on the conception of the State as the servant — and not the master — of its people. A free people showed that it was able to defeat professional soldiers whose only moral arms were obedience and the worship of force. We tell ourselves that we have emerged from this war the most powerful nation in the world — the most powerful nation, perhaps, in all history. That is true, but not in the sense some of us believe it to be true. The war has shown us that we have tremendous resources to make all the materials for war. It has shown us that we have skillful workers and managers and able generals, and a brave people capable of bearing arms. All these things we knew before. The new thing — the thing which we had not known — the thing we have learned now and should never forget, is this: that a society of self-governing men is more powerful, more enduring, more creative than any other kind of society, however disciplined, however centralized.

„It's an old political trick: "If you can't convince 'em, confuse 'em." But this time it won't work.“

— Harry Truman
Context: On the one hand, the Republicans are telling industrial workers that the high cost of food in the cities is due to this government's farm policy. On the other hand, the Republicans are telling the farmers that the high cost of manufactured goods on the farm is due to this government's labor policy. That's plain hokum. It's an old political trick: "If you can't convince 'em, confuse 'em." But this time it won't work. Address at the National Plowing Match (18 September 1948); as quoted in Miracle of '48: Harry Truman's Major Campaign Speeches and Selected Whistle-stops (2003); edited by Steve Neal. Truman's mention of an "old political trick" is often quoted alone as if it were a strategy he was advising rather than one he was criticizing.

„We must be prepared to pay the price for peace, or assuredly we shall pay the price of war.“

— Harry Truman
Context: The recommendations I have made represent the most urgent steps toward securing the peace and preventing war. We must be ready to take every wise and necessary step to carry out this great purpose. This will require assistance to other nations. It will require an adequate and balanced military strength. We must be prepared to pay the price for peace, or assuredly we shall pay the price of war. We in the United States remain determined to seek peace by every possible means, a just and honorable basis for the settlement of international issues.

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„Sixteen hours ago an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy.“

— Harry Truman
Context: Sixteen hours ago an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb had more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. It had more than two thousand times the blast power of the British "Grand Slam" which is the largest bomb ever yet used in the history of warfare. The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet.

„If wars in the future are to be prevented the nations must be united in their determination to keep the peace under law.“

— Harry Truman
Context: If wars in the future are to be prevented the nations must be united in their determination to keep the peace under law. Nothing is more essential to the future peace of the world than continued cooperation of the nations which had to muster the force necessary to defeat the conspiracy of the Axis powers to dominate the world. While these great states have a special responsibility to enforce the peace, their responsibility is based upon the obligations resting upon all states, large and small, not to use force in international relations except in the defense of law. The responsibility of the great states is to serve and not to dominate the world.

„In this shrinking world, it is futile to seek safety behind geographical barriers. Real security will be found only in law and in justice.“

— Harry Truman
Context: In this shrinking world, it is futile to seek safety behind geographical barriers. Real security will be found only in law and in justice. Here in America, we have labored long and hard to achieve a social order worthy of our great heritage. In our time, tremendous progress has been made toward a really democratic way of life. Let me assure the forward-looking people of America that there will be no relaxation in our efforts to improve the lot of the common people.

„It reflects a reversion to the old idea that the tree can be fertilized at the top instead of at the bottom — the old trickle-down theory.“

— Harry Truman
Context: On tight money: It reflects a reversion to the old idea that the tree can be fertilized at the top instead of at the bottom — the old trickle-down theory. Harry Truman at the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Convention, Atlantic City (May 13, 1954), Good Old Harry

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