Frases de Thomas Malthus

Thomas Malthus Foto
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Thomas Malthus

Fecha de nacimiento: 14. Febrero 1766
Fecha de muerte: 29. Diciembre 1834

Thomas Robert Malthus [1]​ fue un clérigo anglicano[2]​ y erudito británico con gran influencia en la economía política y la demografía.[3]​[4]​

Miembro desde 1819 de la Royal Society, popularizó la teoría de la renta económica y es célebre por la publicación anónima en 1798 del libro Ensayo sobre el principio de la población .[5]​

Está considerado como uno de los primeros demógrafos. Anteriores a Malthus fueron Johann Peter Süssmilch , a quien Malthus menciona en su libro, y John Graunt .

Obras

Frases Thomas Malthus

„El mal existe en el mundo no para crear desesperación sino actividad. No debemos someternos pacientemente, sino esforzarnos para evitarlo.“

—  Thomas Malthus, libro Ensayo sobre el principio de la población

Original: «Evil exists in the world not to create despair but activity. We are not patiently to submit to it, but to exert ourselves to avoid it».
Fuente: An Essay on the Principle of Population. T. R. Malthus. Editorial Courier Corporation, 2012. ISBN 9780486115771. Página 152. https://books.google.es/books?id=0qYXcMM3hqYC&pg=PR4&dq=The+view+which+he+has+given+of+human+life+has+a+melancholy+hue,&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiry9rxo-vgAhXNx4UKHREHAHAQ6AEIQDAD#v=onepage&q=%20but%20activity.%20We%20are%20not%20patiently%20to%20submit%20to%20it%2C%20but%20to%20exert%20ourselves%20to%20avoid%20it&f=false

„La visión que él ha dado de la vida humana tiene un tono melancólico, pero se siente consciente de que ha extraído estos tintes oscuros de la convicción de que realmente están en la imagen, y no de un ojo desilusionado o de una disposición malhumorada.“

—  Thomas Malthus, libro Ensayo sobre el principio de la población

El prefacio pertenece a la edición de 1798 que Malthus realizó de forma anónima, por lo que en la cita se refiere a sí mismo.
Original: «The view which he has given of human life has a melancholy hue, but he feels conscious that he has drawn these dark tints from a conviction that they are really in the picture, and not from a jaundiced eye or an inherent spleen of disposition».
Fuente: An Essay on the Principle of Population. T. R. Malthus. Editorial Courier Corporation, 2012. ISBN 9780486115771. Página IV del Prefacio. https://books.google.es/books?id=0qYXcMM3hqYC&pg=PR4&dq=The+view+which+he+has+given+of+human+life+has+a+melancholy+hue,&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiry9rxo-vgAhXNx4UKHREHAHAQ6AEIQDAD#v=onepage&q=The%20view%20which%20he%20has%20given%20of%20human%20life%20has%20a%20melancholy%20hue%2C&f=false

„Debería inclinarme, por lo tanto, como he sugerido antes, a considerar el mundo y esta vida como el proceso poderoso de Dios, no para el ensayo, sino para la creación y formación de la mente, un proceso necesario para despertar la materia inerte y caótica en espíritu, para sublimar el polvo de la tierra en alma, para obtener una chispa etérea del pedazo de arcilla. Y en esta visión del tema, las diversas impresiones y emociones que el hombre recibe a través de la vida pueden considerarse como la mano formadora de su Creador, actuando según las leyes generales, y despertando su inactiva existencia, por los toques animadores de la Divinidad, en una capacidad de gozo superior. El pecado original del hombre es el letargo y la corrupción de la materia caótica en la que puede decirse que nace.“

—  Thomas Malthus, libro Ensayo sobre el principio de la población

Original: «I should be inclined, therefore, as I have hinted before, to consider the world and this life as the mighty process of God, not for the trial, but for the creation and formation of mind, a process necessary to awaken inert, chaotic matter into spirit, to sublimate the dust of the earth into soul, to elicit an ethereal spark from the clod of clay. And in this view of the subject, the various impressions and excitements which man receives through life may be considered as the forming hand of his Creator, acting by general laws, and awakening his sluggish existence, by the animating touches of the Divinity, into a capacity of superior enjoyment. The original sin of man is the torpor and corruption of the chaotic matter in which he may be said to be born».
Fuente: An Essay on the Principle of Population. T. R. Malthus. Editorial Courier Corporation, 2012. ISBN 9780486115771. Página 137. https://books.google.es/books?id=0qYXcMM3hqYC&pg=PR4&dq=The+view+which+he+has+given+of+human+life+has+a+melancholy+hue,&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiry9rxo-vgAhXNx4UKHREHAHAQ6AEIQDAD#v=onepage&q=I%20should%20be%20inclined%2C%20therefore%2C%20as%20I%20have%20hinted%20before%2C%20to%20consider%20the%20world%20and%20&f=false

„Every exchange which takes place in a country, effects a distribution of its produce better adapted to the wants of society….“

—  Thomas Robert Malthus, Principles of Political Economy

Book II, Chapter I, On the Progress of Wealth, Section VIII, p. 382-383
Principles of Political Economy (Second Edition 1836)
Contexto: Every exchange which takes place in a country, effects a distribution of its produce better adapted to the wants of society....
If two districts, one of which possessed a rich copper mine, and the other a rich tin mine, had always been separated by an impassable river or mountain, there can be no doubt that an opening of a communication, a greater demand would take place, and a greater price be given for both the tin and the copper; and this greater price of both metals, though it might be only temporary, would alone go a great way towards furnishing the additional capital wanted to supply the additional demand; and the capitals of both districts, and the products of both mines, would be increased both in quantity and value to a degree which could not have taken place without the this new distribution of the produce, or some equivalent to it.

„There must therefore be a considerable class of persons who have both the will and power to consume more material wealth then they produce, or the mercantile classes could not continue profitably to produce so much more than they consume.“

—  Thomas Robert Malthus, Principles of Political Economy

Book II, Chapter I, On the Progress of Wealth, Section IX, p. 400 (See also: David Ricardo and aggregate demand)
Principles of Political Economy (Second Edition 1836)
Contexto: But such consumption is not consistent with the actual habits of the generality of capitalists. The great object of their lives is to save a fortune, both because it is their duty to make a provision for their families, and because they cannot spend an income with so much comfort to themselves, while they are obliged perhaps to attend a counting house for seven or eight hours a day...
... There must therefore be a considerable class of persons who have both the will and power to consume more material wealth then they produce, or the mercantile classes could not continue profitably to produce so much more than they consume.

„The greatest talents have been frequently misapplied and have produced evil proportionate to the extent of their powers.“

—  Thomas Robert Malthus

Fuente: An Essay on The Principle of Population (First Edition 1798, unrevised), Chapter XIX, paragraph 2, lines 1-6
Contexto: The greatest talents have been frequently misapplied and have produced evil proportionate to the extent of their powers. Both reason and revelation seem to assure us that such minds will be condemned to eternal death, but while on earth, these vicious instruments performed their part in the great mass of impressions, by the disgust and abhorrence which they excited.

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„Population, when unchecked, increases in a geometrical ratio, Subsistence, increases only in an arithmetical ratio.“

—  Thomas Robert Malthus

Fuente: An Essay on The Principle of Population (First Edition 1798, unrevised), Chapter I, paragraph 18, lines 1-2

„But, fortunately for mankind, the neat rents of the land, under a system of private property, can never be diminished by the progress of cultivation.“

—  Thomas Robert Malthus, Principles of Political Economy

Book I, Chapter III, Of the Rent of Land, Section IX, p. 216
Principles of Political Economy (Second Edition 1836)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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