Frases de Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant Foto
0   0

Ulysses S. Grant

Fecha de nacimiento: 27. Abril 1822
Fecha de muerte: 23. Julio 1885

Anuncio

Ulysses S. Grant, nacido Hiram Ulysses Grant, , fue el comandante general del Ejército de los Estados Unidos al final de la Guerra de Secesión y el 18.º Presidente de los Estados Unidos . Como comandante general , Grant trabajó estrechamente con el presidente Abraham Lincoln liderando el Ejército de la Unión hasta la victoria sobre el bando Confederado en la Guerra de Secesión. Con el apoyo del Congreso, Grant implementó la Reconstrucción, a menudo en desacuerdo con el presidente Andrew Johnson. Elegido dos veces presidente, Grant lideró a los republicanos en su esfuerzo por erradicar los vestigios del nacionalismo confederado y la esclavitud, protegió a la ciudadanía afroestadounidense y fomentó la prosperidad económica. Aunque los ocho años de su presidencia han sido a veces criticados por numerosos escándalos en la administración y por su incapacidad para aliviar la depresión económica tras el Pánico de 1873, es reconocido como un presidente que gobernó relativamente bien en su contexto histórico y que persiguió la justicia para todos.

Grant se graduó en la academia militar de West Point y sirvió durante la Guerra de México-Estados Unidos . Tras este conflicto, contrajo matrimonio con Julia Boggs Dent en 1848, unión de la que nacieron cuatro hijos. Grant se retiró del ejército en 1854 y sufrió apuros económicos en su vida civil. Cuando estalló la Guerra de Secesión en 1861, se reincorporó al ejército. En 1862 tomó el control de Kentucky y de la mayor parte de Tennessee, y lideró a las fuerzas de la Unión en la victoria en Shiloh, con lo que se ganó una reputación de comandante agresivo. En julio de 1863, después de una serie de batallas coordinadas, Grant derrotó a los ejércitos confederados y conquistó Vicksburg, otorgando así el control del río Misisipi a la Unión y dividiendo a los confederados en dos. Tras sus victorias en la campaña de Chattanooga, Lincoln lo ascendió a teniente general y comandante general del ejército en marzo de 1864. Desde esta responsabilidad, Grant se enfrentó a Robert E. Lee en varias batallas sangrientas y atrapó a las fuerzas de su enemigo en su defensa de Richmond, la capital confederada. En otros teatros bélicos, Grant también coordinó una serie de exitosas campañas que finalmente llevaron a la rendición de Lee en Appomattox, con lo que puso fin efectivo la guerra. Los historiadores han alabado el genio militar de Grant y sus estrategias se estudian en los libros de historia bélica, aunque una minoría defiende que ganó por fuerza bruta más que por su estrategia superior.

Acabada la guerra, Grant encabezó la supervisión militar de la Reconstrucción en los antiguos estados confederados. Elegido presidente en 1868, estabilizó la nación en un período turbulento y persiguió al Ku Klux Klan usando al ejército y al recién creado Departamento de Justicia, al tiempo que reforzaba al partido republicano en el sur del país. En las elecciones los republicanos vencieron en once estados y algunos afroamericanos resultaron elegidos para puestos en la administración nacional, pero la minoría negra comenzó a ser atacada en el sur a pesar de los intentos de Grant por protegerlos. En 1871 el presidente fundó la Comisión del Servicio Civil para apaciguar a los reformadores. Un año después volvió a ganar las elecciones imponiéndose a una coalición de demócratas y liberales republicanos. En los estados sureños las coaliciones republicanas se escindieron y resultaron derrotadas en favor de los llamados «Redentores del Sur», una facción blanca que recurrió a la violencia, el fraude electoral y el racismo. A ello se sumaron varios escándalos de corrupción que salpicaron a miembros de la administración federal. La Política de Paz de Grant con los nativos americanos fue un punto de partida audaz pero acabó resultando un fracaso.

En política exterior, abogó por incrementar el comercio y evitar conflictos con otras naciones. Junto al Secretario de Estado Hamilton Fish, resolvió con éxito las Reclamaciones de Alabama a través del Tratado de Washington con Reino Unido. Asimismo, ambos evitaron la guerra con España durante el Asunto del Virginius gracias a la negociación de una resolución pacífica. Por otra parte, el Congreso rechazó la iniciativa de Grant para anexionarse República Dominicana, creando una brecha entre los republicanos. Su administración implementó un patrón oro y trató de fortalecer el dólar. La respuesta inmediata de Grant al Pánico de 1873 no impidió una grave depresión industrial que resultó en un aumento del desempleo, deflación y bancarrotas. Su mandato finalizó en 1877 e inmediatamente Grant se embarcó en una gira mundial de dos años que atrajo una gran atención internacional hacia su persona y su país.

En 1880 Grant no tuvo éxito en conseguir la candidatura republicana para un tercer mandato presidencial. Golpeado por varios reveses financieros y enfermo de un cáncer de laringe terminal, escribió sus memorias, las cuales serían un enorme éxito financiero y crítico. Su fallecimiento en 1885 desató una oleada de unidad nacional. Los logros históricos y el legado de Ulysses S. Grant han sido objeto de diversa consideración a lo largo de las décadas. Popularmente ha tenido fama de bebedor, algo que los historiadores coinciden en que es algo exagerado y nunca afectó negativamente a sus decisiones. Las primeras valoraciones históricas fueron muy negativas con la presidencia de Grant y los estudiosos la siguen considerando por debajo de la media, pero en tiempos recientes se aprecia su apoyo a los derechos civiles.

Autores similares

Benjamin Franklin Foto
Benjamin Franklin53
político, científico e inventor estadounidense
Hannah Arendt Foto
Hannah Arendt11
filósofa política alemana y posteriormente estadounidense
Abraham Lincoln Foto
Abraham Lincoln58
decimosexto presidente de los Estados Unidos
Ramón Barros Luco Foto
Ramón Barros Luco3
Ex presidente de Chile
John Quincy Adams Foto
John Quincy Adams18
político estadounidense
Theodore Roosevelt Foto
Theodore Roosevelt11
político estadounidense
Manuel Payno Foto
Manuel Payno5
escritor y político mexicano
Dolores Ibárruri Foto
Dolores Ibárruri14
política española
Al Gore Foto
Al Gore13
político estadounidense

Frases Ulysses S. Grant

„There had to be an end of slavery.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: There had to be an end of slavery. Then we were fighting an enemy with whom we could not make a peace. We had to destroy him. No convention, no treaty was possible. Only destruction. To Otto von Bismarck in June 1878, as quoted in Around the World with General Grant http://www.granthomepage.com/grantslavery.htm (1879), by John Russell Young, The American News Company, New York, vol. 7, p. 416.

„That is, by arming the negro we have added a powerful ally. They will make good soldiers and taking them from the enemy weaken him in the same proportion they strengthen us.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: That is, by arming the negro we have added a powerful ally. They will make good soldiers and taking them from the enemy weaken him in the same proportion they strengthen us. I am therefore most decidedly in favor of pushing this policy to the enlistment of a force sufficient to hold all the South falling into our hands and to aid in capturing more.

Anuncio

„I believe that our Great Maker is preparing the world, in His own good time, to become one nation, speaking one language, and when armies and navies will be no longer required.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: The subject of acquisition of territory must have the support of the people before I will recommend any proposition looking to such acquisition. I say here, however, that I do not share in the apprehension held by many as to the danger of governments becoming weakened and destroyed by reason of their extension of territory. Commerce, education, and rapid transit of thought and matter by telegraph and steam have changed all this. Rather do I believe that our Great Maker is preparing the world, in His own good time, to become one nation, speaking one language, and when armies and navies will be no longer required.

„Keep the church and the state forever separate.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: Encourage free schools, and resolve that not one dollar of money shall be appropriated to the support of any sectarian school. Resolve that neither the state nor nation, or both combined, shall support institutions of learning other than those sufficient to afford every child growing up in the land the opportunity of a good common school education, unmixed with sectarian, Pagan, or Atheistical tenets. Leave the matter of religion to the family altar, the church, and the private school, supported entirely by private contributions. Keep the church and the state forever separate. With these safeguards, I believe the battles which created the Army of the Tennessee will not have been fought in vain.

„Our conversation grew so pleasant that I almost forgot the object of our meeting.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: Our conversation grew so pleasant that I almost forgot the object of our meeting. After the conversation had run on in this style for some time, General Lee called my attention to the object of our meeting, and said that he had asked for this interview for the purpose of getting from me the terms I proposed to give his army. I said that I meant merely that his army should lay down their arms, not to take them up again during the continuance of the war unless duly and properly exchanged. He said that he had so understood my letter. Ch. 67.

„The war has made us a nation of great power and intelligence.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: The war has made us a nation of great power and intelligence. We have but little to do to preserve peace, happiness and prosperity at home, and the respect of other nations. Our experience ought to teach us the necessity of the first; our power secures the latter.

„I do not pretend to sustain the order.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: I do not pretend to sustain the order. At the time of its publication I was insensed by a reprimand recieved from Washington for permitting acts which the Jews, within my lines, were engaged in.

„I took no part myself in any such view of the case at the time, but since the war is over, reviewing the whole question, I have come to the conclusion that the saying is quite true.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: The cause of the great War of the Rebellion against the United States will have to be attributed to slavery. For some years before the war began it was a trite saying among some politicians that 'A state half slave and half free cannot exist.' All must become slave or all free, or the state will go down. I took no part myself in any such view of the case at the time, but since the war is over, reviewing the whole question, I have come to the conclusion that the saying is quite true. Conclusion

Anuncio

„I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of N. Va. on the following terms“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of N. Va. on the following terms, to wit: Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate. One copy to be given to an officer designated by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate. The officers to give their individual paroles not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly exchanged, and each company or regimental commander sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery and public property to be parked and stacked, and turned over to the officer appointed by me to receive them. This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they observe their paroles and the laws in force where they may reside. Terms of surrender, given to General Robert E. Lee after the Battle of Appomattox Courthouse (9 April 1865).

„I have given the subject of arming the negro my hearty support. This, with the emancipation of the negro, is the heavyest blow yet given the Confederacy. The South rave a greatdeel about it and profess to be very angry.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: I have given the subject of arming the negro my hearty support. This, with the emancipation of the negro, is the heavyest blow yet given the Confederacy. The South rave a greatdeel about it and profess to be very angry. But they were united in their action before and with the negro under subjec­tion could spare their entire white population for the field. Now they complain that nothing can be got out of their negroes.

„It is a subject for congratulation that the great Empire of Brazil has taken the initiatory step toward the abolition of slavery. Our relations with that Empire, always cordial, will naturally be made more so by this act.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: It is a subject for congratulation that the great Empire of Brazil has taken the initiatory step toward the abolition of slavery. Our relations with that Empire, always cordial, will naturally be made more so by this act. It is not too much to hope that the Government of Brazil may hereafter find it for its interest, as well as intrinsically right, to advance toward entire emancipation more rapidly than the present act contemplates.

„Slavery was an institution that required unusual guarantees for its security wherever it existed; and in a country like ours where the larger portion of it was free territory inhabited by an intelligent and well-to-do population, the people would naturally have but little sympathy with demands upon them for its protection.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: Slavery was an institution that required unusual guarantees for its security wherever it existed; and in a country like ours where the larger portion of it was free territory inhabited by an intelligent and well-to-do population, the people would naturally have but little sympathy with demands upon them for its protection. Hence the people of the South were dependent upon keeping control of the general government to secure the perpetuation of their favorite institution. They were enabled to maintain this control long after the States where slavery existed had ceased to have the controlling power, through the assistance they received from odd men here and there throughout the Northern States. They saw their power waning, and this led them to encroach upon the prerogatives and independence of the Northern States by enacting such laws as the Fugitive Slave Law. By this law every Northern man was obliged, when properly summoned, to turn out and help apprehend the runaway slave of a Southern man. Northern marshals became slave-catchers, and Northern courts had to contribute to the support and protection of the institution.

Anuncio

„In this connection I advise such legislation as will forever preclude the enslavement of the Chinese upon our soil“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: Through the agency of a more enlightened policy than that heretofore pursued toward China, largely due to the sagacity and efforts of one of our own distinguished citizens, the world is about to commence largely increased relations with that populous and hitherto exclusive nation. As the United States have been the initiators in this new policy, so they should be the most earnest in showing their good faith in making it a success. In this connection I advise such legislation as will forever preclude the enslavement of the Chinese upon our soil under the name of coolies, and also prevent American vessels from engaging in the transportation of coolies to any country tolerating the system. I also recommend that the mission to China be raised to one of the first class.

„I have no prejudice against sect or race, but want each individual to be judged by his own merit.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: Give Mister Moses assurances that I have no prejudice against sect or race, but want each individual to be judged by his own merit. Order No. 11 does not sustain this statement, I amidt, but then I do not sustain that order. It never would have been issued if it had not been telegraphed the moment penned, without one moment's reflection. To Isaac N. Morris (1868), as quoted in The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant: July 1, 1868–October 31, 1869 https://books.google.com/books?id=JXn2Bq8KpDEC&pg=PA37&dq=%22I+have+no+prejudice+against+sect+or+race,+but+want+each+individual+to+be+judged+by+his+own+merit.%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eucJVYHXK4SxggSXj4S4BQ&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false, by Ulysses S. Grant, p. 37. Also quoted in Grant http://books.google.com/books?id=TssAXSdPTi4C&printsec=frontcover&dq=GrantJean+E.+Smith&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MVrWU7qCI47lsATyroKADg&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=prejudice%20against%20sect&f=false (2001), by Jean Edward Smith, pp. 459–460.

„Treat the negro as a citizen and a voter, as he is and must remain, and soon parties will be divided, not on the color line, but on principle.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: Under existing conditions the negro votes the Republican ticket because he knows his friends are of that party. Many a good citizen votes the opposite, not because he agrees with the great principles of state which separate parties, but because, generally, he is opposed to negro rule. This is a most delusive cry. Treat the negro as a citizen and a voter, as he is and must remain, and soon parties will be divided, not on the color line, but on principle. Then we shall have no complaint of sectional interference.

„The South claimed the sovereignty of States, but claimed the right to coerce into their confederation such States as they wanted, that is, all the States where slavery existed. They did not seem to think this course inconsistent. The fact is, the Southern slave-owners believed that, in some way, the ownership of slaves conferred a sort of patent of nobility—a right to govern independent of the interest or wishes of those who did not hold such property. They convinced themselves, first, of the divine origin of the institution and, next, that that particular institution was not safe in the hands of any body of legislators but themselves.“

—  Ulysses S. Grant
Context: The winter of 1860-1 will be remembered by middle-aged people of to-day as one of great excitement. South Carolina promptly seceded after the result of the Presidential election was known. Other Southern States proposed to follow. In some of them the Union sentiment was so strong that it had to be suppressed by force. Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky and Missouri, all Slave States, failed to pass ordinances of secession; but they were all represented in the so-called congress of the so-called Confederate States. The Governor and Lieutenant-Governor of Missouri, in 1861, Jackson and Reynolds, were both supporters of the rebellion and took refuge with the enemy. The governor soon died, and the lieutenant-governor assumed his office; issued proclamations as governor of the State; was recognized as such by the Confederate Government, and continued his pretensions until the collapse of the rebellion. The South claimed the sovereignty of States, but claimed the right to coerce into their confederation such States as they wanted, that is, all the States where slavery existed. They did not seem to think this course inconsistent. The fact is, the Southern slave-owners believed that, in some way, the ownership of slaves conferred a sort of patent of nobility—a right to govern independent of the interest or wishes of those who did not hold such property. They convinced themselves, first, of the divine origin of the institution and, next, that that particular institution was not safe in the hands of any body of legislators but themselves. Ch. 16.

Siguiente
Aniversarios de hoy
Tupac Shakur Foto
Tupac Shakur35
músico estadounidense 1971 - 1996
José López Portillo Foto
José López Portillo11
político y abogado mexicano 1920 - 2004
Marc Bloch Foto
Marc Bloch4
historiador francés 1886 - 1944
Otros (number)s aniversarios hoy
Autores similares
Benjamin Franklin Foto
Benjamin Franklin53
político, científico e inventor estadounidense
Hannah Arendt Foto
Hannah Arendt11
filósofa política alemana y posteriormente estadounidense
Abraham Lincoln Foto
Abraham Lincoln58
decimosexto presidente de los Estados Unidos
Ramón Barros Luco Foto
Ramón Barros Luco3
Ex presidente de Chile