Frases de Vegecio

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Vegecio

Fecha de nacimiento: 400
Fecha de muerte: 450
Otros nombres:Flavius Vegetius Renatus, Флавий Вегеций Ренат

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Vegecio, o Flavio Vegecio Renato , fue un escritor del Imperio romano del siglo IV. Nada se sabe de su vida excepto la breve definición que da él mismo. Vegecio no se identifica como militar, sino como "vir illustris et comes" términos que, en el latín de la época, le señalan como un personaje cercano al emperador. El cognomen Renato sugiere que abrazó el cristianismo en la edad adulta.

No se conoce la fecha exacta de su vida, salvo por las referencias históricas de su propia obra: en su Epitoma rei militaris alude al emperador Graciano como deificado, lo que sitúa la obra como posterior a la muerte de éste en el año 383; una anotación de Flavio Eutropio, un escriba de Constantinopla, sobre uno de sus manuscritos ya publicados, data del año 450. Vegecio dedicó sus obras al emperador reinante en la época, pero no especifica quién era éste exactamente; unos estudiosos sugieren que Teodosio I, la hipótesis más probable, y otros que Valentiniano III.

Se conocen dos obras suyas: Epitoma rei militaris, también conocido como De re militari, y la menos conocida Digesta Artis Mulomedicinae un tratado de veterinaria sobre las enfermedades de caballos y mulos. Fue la primera de ellas, Epitoma rei militaris la que le dio más fama.

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Frases Vegecio

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„The courage of a soldier is heightened by his knowledge of his profession,“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: The courage of a soldier is heightened by his knowledge of his profession, and he only wants an opportunity to execute what he is convinced he has been perfectly taught. (Book 1)

„Troops are not to be led to battle unless confident of success.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: An army is strengthened by labor and enervated by idleness. Troops are not to be led to battle unless confident of success. (General Maxims)

„Good officers never engage in general actions unless induced by opportunity or obliged by necessity.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: Punishment, and fear thereof, are necessary to keep soldiers in order in quarters; but in the field they are more influenced by hope and rewards. Good officers never engage in general actions unless induced by opportunity or obliged by necessity. (General Maxims)

„A handful of men, inured to war, proceed to certain victory, while on the contrary numerous armies of raw and undisciplined troops are but multitudes of men dragged to slaughter.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: A handful of men, inured to war, proceed to certain victory, while on the contrary numerous armies of raw and undisciplined troops are but multitudes of men dragged to slaughter. (Book 1)

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„A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor; on the contrary a stab, though it penetrates but two inches, is generally fatal.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: A stroke with the edges, though made with ever so much force, seldom kills, as the vital parts of the body are defended both by the bones and armor; on the contrary a stab, though it penetrates but two inches, is generally fatal. (Book 1)

„Those designs are best which the enemy are entirely ignorant of till the moment of execution.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: It is much better to overcome the enemy by famine, surprise or terror than by general actions, for in the latter instance fortune has often a greater share than valour. Those designs are best which the enemy are entirely ignorant of till the moment of execution. Opportunity in war is often more to be depended on than courage. (General Maxims)

„An army unsupplied with grain and other necessary provisions will be vanquished without striking a blow.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: An army unsupplied with grain and other necessary provisions will be vanquished without striking a blow. (General Maxims)

„It is the nature of war that what is beneficial to you is detrimental to the enemy and what is of service to him always hurts you.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: It is the nature of war that what is beneficial to you is detrimental to the enemy and what is of service to him always hurts you. It is therefore a maxim never to do, or to omit doing, anything as a consequence of his actions, but to consult invariably your own interest only. And you depart from this interest whenever you imitate such measures as he pursues for his benefit. For the same reason, it would be wrong for him to follow such steps as you take for your advantage. (General Maxims)

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„We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: Victory in war does not depend entirely upon numbers or mere courage; only skill and discipline will insure it. We find that the Romans owed the conquest of the world to no other cause than continual military training, exact observance of discipline in their camps and unwearied cultivation of the other arts of war. Without these, what chance would the inconsiderable numbers of the Roman armies have had against the multitudes of the Gauls? Or with what success would their small size have been opposed to the prodigious stature of the Germans? The Spaniards surpassed us not only in numbers, but in physical strength. We were always inferior to the Africans in wealth and unequal to them in deception and stratagem. And the Greeks, indisputably, were far superior to us in skill in arts and all kinds of knowledge. (Book 1)

„Consult with many on proper measures to be taken, but communicate the plans you intend to put in execution to few, and those only of the most assured fidelity; or rather trust no one but yourself.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Context: On finding the enemy has notice of your designs, you must immediately alter your plan of operations. Consult with many on proper measures to be taken, but communicate the plans you intend to put in execution to few, and those only of the most assured fidelity; or rather trust no one but yourself. (General Maxims)

„Paucos uiros fortes natura procreat; bona institutione plures reddit industria.“

—  Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus
Few men are born brave; many become so through care and force of discipline. (General Maxims)

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