Frases de Ward Cunningham

Ward Cunningham Foto
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Ward Cunningham

Fecha de nacimiento: 26. Mayo 1949

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Howard Cunningham, mejor conocido como Ward Cunningham, es un informático y programador estadounidense de patrones para programación y del WikiWikiWeb.

Se graduó en ingeniería interdisciplinaria y tiene una maestría en ciencias de la computación de la Universidad de Purdue.

Creó el primer sitio wiki, el WikiWikiWeb, que es parte del Portland Pattern Repository de Portland , en marzo de 1995. El sitio, todavía activo, se especializa en "proyectos personales" y en patrones de diseño y mantiene un registro histórico informal de ideas en programación. Por ejemplo, el sitio cataloga patrones y antipatrones de diseño útiles de conocer para el desarrollo de software, especialmente bajo la metodología de programación extrema. Cunningham explica que el concepto del wiki se le ocurrió al final de los años 1980, y lo implantó inicialmente como una pila Hypercard.

Es coautor del libro The Wiki Way . Fundó, la empresa de consultoría Cunningham & Cunningham, Inc., fue director de investigación y desarrollo de Wyatt Software e ingeniero principal en Tektronix Computer Research Laboratory. Ward es bien conocido por sus contribuciones en la práctica del desarrollo de programación orientada a objetos, la metodología de desarrollo de software denominada programación extrema y las comunidades alojadas en su WikiWikiWeb. Es fundador del Hillside Group y ha sido director del comité de programa de la conferencia sobre patrones de diseño. Entre diciembre de 2003 y octubre de 2005 trabajó para Microsoft en el "grupo prácticas y patrones". Desde octubre de 2005, es el director del Committer Community Development de la Fundación Eclipse.

Es miembro del comité asesor de la Fundación Wikimedia.

Ward Cunningham actualmente reside en Portland, Oregón.

Frases Ward Cunningham

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„Everything is subject to refactoring.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place. On Ward's wiki, the process has been called "refactoring," which is what we call the process in software. Ward's wiki is about software and it has software people on it, so they call it refactoring. Anyplace else it would probably be called editing. So on Ward's wiki, refactoring is an ongoing process. The assumption is that when something turns out to not be ideal, it will be refactored again. Everything is subject to refactoring.

„I'm not a fan of classification. It's very difficult to come up with a classification scheme that's useful when what you're most interested in is things that don't fit in, things that you didn't expect.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I'm not a fan of classification. It's very difficult to come up with a classification scheme that's useful when what you're most interested in is things that don't fit in, things that you didn't expect. But some people decided that every page should carry classification. They came up with a scheme, based on page names, to establish a classification structure for a wiki. And these people who care about classification maintain it.

„The web has been an experiment in anonymity.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: The web has been an experiment in anonymity. Conscious design of low level protocols. Lots of identity infrastructure has been created to make it an online shopping mall, which makes it unpleasant for all of us because the machinery isn’t that great.

„Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place. On Ward's wiki, the process has been called "refactoring," which is what we call the process in software. Ward's wiki is about software and it has software people on it, so they call it refactoring. Anyplace else it would probably be called editing. So on Ward's wiki, refactoring is an ongoing process. The assumption is that when something turns out to not be ideal, it will be refactored again. Everything is subject to refactoring.

„The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty. It isn't the complexity that raises problems. There is a lot of complexity in the world. The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.

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„Putting a new feature into a program is important, but refactoring so new features can be added in the future is equally important.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: Putting a new feature into a program is important, but refactoring so new features can be added in the future is equally important. The ability to do things in the future is something that I consider suppleness, like clay your hands that accepts your expression. Programs and documents get brittle very quickly. Wiki imagines a more dynamic environment where we accept change...

„My hope is that wiki becomes a totem for a way of interacting with people.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: My hope is that wiki becomes a totem for a way of interacting with people. Tradition in the work world has been more top down, while wiki, standing for the Internet, is becoming a model for a new way of work. Largely driven by reduced communication costs, it changes what needs to be done and how it’s going to get done. I hope that the wiki nature, if not the wiki code, makes some contribution.

„I can't tell you how much time is spent worrying about decisions that don't matter.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I can't tell you how much time is spent worrying about decisions that don't matter. To just be able to make a decision and see what happens is tremendously empowering, but that means you have to set up the situation such that when something does go wrong, you can fix it.

„I actually enjoy complexity that's empowering. If it challenges me, the complexity is very pleasant.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I actually enjoy complexity that's empowering. If it challenges me, the complexity is very pleasant. But sometimes I must deal with complexity that's disempowering. The effort I invest to understand that complexity is tedious work. It doesn't add anything to my abilities.

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„I wanted to invent some software that was completely different, that would grow and change as it was used. That’s how wiki came about.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: When I was at Tek, I was frustrated that computer hardware was being improved faster than computer software. I wanted to invent some software that was completely different, that would grow and change as it was used. That’s how wiki came about. [http://www.portlandtribune.com/rethinking/story.php?story_id=120430910578805900 "Startup mines for riches in collaboration software" in The Portland Tribune (4 March 2008)]

„It was a turning point in my programming career when I realized that I didn't have to win every argument.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: It was a turning point in my programming career when I realized that I didn't have to win every argument. I'd be talking about code with someone, and I'd say, "I think the best way to do it is A." And they'd say, "I think the best way to do it is B. I'd say, "Well no, it's really A." And they'd say, "Well, we want to do B." It was a turning point for me when I could say, "Fine. Do B. It's not going to hurt us that much if I'm wrong. It's not going to hurt us that much if I'm right and you do B, because, we can correct mistakes. So lets find out if it's a mistake."

„The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty. It isn't the complexity that raises problems. There is a lot of complexity in the world. The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.

„A wiki is always in the process of being organized.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: A wiki is always in the process of being organized. But for every hour spent organizing, two more hours are spent adding new material. So the status quo for a wiki is always partially organized.

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