Frases de Muhammad Ali Jinnah

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Fecha de nacimiento: 25. Diciembre 1876
Fecha de muerte: 11. Septiembre 1948

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah fue un abogado y político musulmán, fundador de Pakistán.[1]​ Se le conoce como Baba-e-Qaum .

Sirvió como líder de la Liga Musulmana Pan India desde 1913 hasta la creación de Pakistán el 14 de agosto de 1947 y luego fue gobernador general hasta su muerte. Fue reverenciado como Quaid-i-Azam y Baba-i-Qaum . Su cumpleaños es observado como un día nacional. [2]​[3]​

Nació en la Wazir Mansion de Karachi y estudió Derecho en el Lincoln's Inn en Londres, saltó a la fama en el Congreso Nacional Indio en las dos primeras décadas del siglo XX. A principios de su carrera, se concentró en la unión hindú-musulmana, ayudando a darle forma en 1916 al pacto Lucknow entre el Congreso y la Liga Musulmana Pan India. Jinnah se convirtió en un líder clave en la All India Home Rule League y propuso un plan de 14 puntos de reforma constitucional para salvaguardar los derechos políticos de los musulmanes. En 1920, sin embargo, Jinnah renunció al congreso cuando este aceptó una campaña de satyagraha o de resistencia pacífica como fue adoptada por Mohandas Gandhi, pues lo veía como anarquía política.

Para 1940, hizo creer que los musulmanes del subcontinente indio debían tener su propio estado. En ese año la liga Musulmana Hindú, dirigida por Jinnah paso la Resolución de Lahore, la cual demandaba una nación separada. Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la Liga ganó fuerza mientras que los líderes del congreso eran encarcelados y las elecciones que fueron celebradas después de la guerra, fueron ganadas en su mayoría por musulmanes. Después de que el Congreso y la Liga Musulmana no pudieron encontrar una fórmula para compartir el poder para una India unificada, decidieron una independencia entre las dos partes, una de la India con predominancia Hindú y otra con la mayoría del Islam, llamada Pakistán.

Como el primer gobernador general de Pakistán, Jinnah trabajó para establecer el gobierno y política de la nueva nación y ayudar a los millones de emigrantes musulmanes que emigraron de la nación India a la nueva Pakistán, después de su independencia Jinnah supervisó personalmente los campos de refugiados y finalmente murió a la edad de 71 años en 1948 justo unos años después de que Pakistán ganará la independencia de Inglaterra. Jinnah dejó un profundo y respetable legado en Pakistán, de acuerdo a su biógrafo, Stanley Wolbert sigue como el líder más respetable de Pakistán.

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Frases Muhammad Ali Jinnah

„Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

„You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of democracy, social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of democracy, social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil. With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve. Address to the officers and men of the 5th Heavy Ack Ack and 6th Light Ack Ack Regiments in Malir, Karachi (21 February 1948)

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„We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed — that has nothing to do with the business of the State. As you know, history shows that in England, conditions, some time ago, were much worse than those prevailing in India today. The Roman Catholics and the Protestants persecuted each other. Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days. We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.

„Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

„Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise,“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

„I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims — Hindus, Christians, and Parsis — but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan. Broadcast to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan (February 1948), as quoted in "Jinnah dreamt of a secular Pakistan" in New Religion (11 February 2013) http://www.newreligion.eu/2013/02/jinnahs-dream-can-still-save-pakistan.html

„To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

„Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed — that has nothing to do with the business of the State. As you know, history shows that in England, conditions, some time ago, were much worse than those prevailing in India today. The Roman Catholics and the Protestants persecuted each other. Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days. We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.

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„The Quran is the general code for the Muslims,“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The Quran is the general code for the Muslims, a religious, social, civil, commercial, military, judicial, criminal and penal code. It regulates every thing, from the ceremonies of religion to those of daily life, from the salvation of the soul to the health of the body, from the rights of all to those of each individual from morality to crime; from punishment here to that in the life to come, and our Holy Prophet Mohammad (Peace by upon Him) has enjoined on us that every Musalman should posses a copy of the Quran and be his own priest. Therefore, Islam is not merely confined to the spiritual tenets and doctrines or ritual and ceremonies. It is a complete code regulating the whole Muslim society, every department of life, collective and individual. Eid-ul-Fitar message in September 1945

„The first and the foremost thing that I would like to emphasize is this — remember that you are now a sovereign legislative body and you have got all the powers. It, therefore, places on you the gravest responsibility as to how you should take your decisions.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The first and the foremost thing that I would like to emphasize is this — remember that you are now a sovereign legislative body and you have got all the powers. It, therefore, places on you the gravest responsibility as to how you should take your decisions. The first observation that I would like to make is this: You will no doubt agree with me that the first duty of a government is to maintain law and order, so that the life, property and religious beliefs of its subjects are fully protected by the State.

„I cannot understand the logic of those who have been deliberately and mischievously propagating that the Constitution of Pakistan will not be based on Islamic Sharia“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I cannot understand the logic of those who have been deliberately and mischievously propagating that the Constitution of Pakistan will not be based on Islamic Sharia. Islamic principles today are as much applicable to life as they were 1300 years ago. Address to Karachi Bar Association in January 25, 1948

„The prosperity and advancement of a nation depend upon its intelligentsia“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The prosperity and advancement of a nation depend upon its intelligentsia, and Muslim India is looking forward to her young generation and education classes to give a bold lead for our guidance and a brilliant record of historical achievements and traditions. Speech (24 December 1940), published in Some Recent Speeches and Writings of Mr. Jinnah (1947), Vol. 1 Message on Pakistan Day, issued from Delhi (23 March 1943)

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„Islamic history, glory and traditions“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I have full faith in my people that they will rise to every occasion worthy of our past Islamic history, glory and traditions. Message to the Nation on the occasion of the first Anniversary of Pakistan on 14th August, 1948

„Any idea of a united India could never have worked and in my judgement it would have led us to terrific disaster. Maybe that view is correct; maybe it is not; that remains to be seen.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: A division had to take place. On both sides, in Hindustan and Pakistan, there are sections of people who may not agree with it, who may not like it, but in my judgement there was no other solution and I am sure future history will record is verdict in favour of it. And what is more, it will be proved by actual experience as we go on that was the only solution of India's constitutional problem. Any idea of a united India could never have worked and in my judgement it would have led us to terrific disaster. Maybe that view is correct; maybe it is not; that remains to be seen.

„No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs. It is a crime against humanity that our women are shut up within the four walls of the houses as prisoners. There is no sanction anywhere for the deplorable condition in which our women have to live. Speech at a meeting of the Muslim University Union, Aligarh (10 March 1944)

„My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence.“

— Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence. Let us mobilize all our resources in a systematic and organized way and tackle the grave issues that confront us with grim determination and discipline worthy of a great nation. Eid-ul-Azha Message to the Nation (24 October 1947)

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