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Píndaro

Fecha de nacimiento: 517 a.C.
Fecha de muerte: 437 a.C.

Píndaro es uno de los más célebres poetas líricos de la Grecia clásica. Se cree que nació en Cinoscéfalas, Beocia, hacia el 518 a. C. Según la tradición, pertenecía a una familia aristocrática. Wikipedia

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„Here profits not
To tell the whole truth with clear face unveiled.
Often is man's best wisdom to be silent.“

—  Pindar

οὔ τοι ἅπασα κερδίων
φαίνοισα πρόσωπον ἀλάθει᾽ ἀτρεκής·
καὶ τὸ σιγᾶν πολλάκις ἐστὶ σοφώτατον ἀνθρώπῳ νοῆσαι.
Nemean 5, line 16-8; page 222. (483 BC?)
Original: (el) οὔ τοι ἅπασα κερδίων<br/>φαίνοισα πρόσωπον ἀλάθει᾽ ἀτρεκής·<br/>καὶ τὸ σιγᾶν πολλάκις ἐστὶ σοφώτατον ἀνθρώπῳ νοῆσαι.

„Best blessing of all is water, And gold like a fiery flame gleaming at night,
Supreme amidst the pride of lordly wealth.“

—  Pindar, libro Olympic Odes

Ἄριστον μὲν ὕδωρ, ὁ δὲ χρυσὸς αἰθόμενον πῦρ ἅτε διαπρέπει
νυκτὶ μεγάνορος ἔξοχα πλούτου.
Olympian 1, line 1-2; page 1
Closer translation:
Best is water, but gold stands out blazing like fire
at night beyond haughty wealth.
Olympian Odes (476 BC)
Original: (el) Ἄριστον μὲν ὕδωρ, ὁ δὲ χρυσὸς αἰθόμενον πῦρ ἅτε διαπρέπει <br/>νυκτὶ μεγάνορος ἔξοχα πλούτου.

„War is sweet to those who have no experience of it,
but the experienced man trembles exceedingly at heart on its approach.“

—  Pindar

γλυκύ δ᾽ἀπείρῳ πόλεμος.
πεπειραμένων δέ τις ταρβεῖ προσιόντα νιν καρδία περισσῶς.
Fragment 110; page 377.
Variant translations: This phrase is the origin of the Latin proverb "Dulce bellum inexpertis" which is sometimes misattributed to Desiderius Erasmus‎.
War is sweet to them that know it not.
War is sweet to those not acquainted with it
War is sweet to those who do not know it.
War is sweet to those that never have experienced it.
War is delightful to those who have had no experience of it.
Original: (el) γλυκύ δ᾽ἀπείρῳ πόλεμος.<br/>πεπειραμένων δέ τις ταρβεῖ προσιόντα νιν καρδία περισσῶς.

„For words
Live longer down the years than deeds.“

—  Pindar

Nemean 4, line 6; page 213. (473 BC?)
Original: (el) ῥῆμα δ᾽ ἑργμάτων χρονιώτερον βιοτεύει

„Creatures of a day! What is a man?
What is he not? A dream of a shadow
Is our mortal being.“

—  Pindar

Pythian 8, line 95-8; pages 162-3. (446 BC)
Original: (el) ἐπάμεροι: τί δέ τις;<br/>τί δ᾽ οὔ τις; σκιᾶς ὄναρ<br/>ἄνθρωπος. ἀλλ᾽ ὅταν αἴγλα διόσδοτος ἔλθῃ,<br/>λαμπρὸν φέγγος ἔπεστιν ἀνδρῶν καὶ μείλιχος αἰών
Contexto: Creatures of a day! What is a man?
What is he not? A dream of a shadow
Is our mortal being. But when there comes to men
A gleam of splendour given of Heaven,
Then rests on them a light of glory
And blesséd are their days.

„But if a man shall hope in aught he does
To escape the eyes of god, he makes an error.“

—  Pindar, libro Olympic Odes

Olympian 1, line 63; page 6
Olympian Odes (476 BC)
Original: (el) εἰ δὲ θεὸν ἀνήρ τις ἔλπεταί τι λαθέμεν ἔρδων, ἁμαρτάνει.

„Whoever knows many things
By nature is a poet.“

—  Pindar, libro Olympic Odes

Olympian 2, line 87; page 16; the Greek simply says:
"wise is one who knows much by nature," but σοφός is Pindar's usual word for poet.
Variant translations:
Inborn of nature's wisdom
The poet's truth.
Olympian Odes (476 BC)
Original: (el) σοφὸς ὁ πολλὰ εἰδὼς φυᾷ.

„Do not yearn, O my soul, for immortal life!
Use to the utmost
the skill that is yours.“

—  Pindar

Pythian 3, line 61-62.
Variant translation: Seek not, my soul, immortal life, but make the most of the resources that are within your reach.
Original: (el) μή, φίλα ψυχά, βίον ἀθάνατον
σπεῦδε, τὰν δ᾿ ἔμπρακτον ἄντλει μαχανάν.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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