Frases de Esquilo

 Esquilo Foto
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Esquilo

Fecha de nacimiento: 525 a.C.
Fecha de muerte: 456 a.C.
Otros nombres: Aischylos z Athén

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Esquilo fue un dramaturgo griego. Predecesor de Sófocles y Eurípides, es considerado como el primer gran representante de la tragedia griega.

Nació en Eleusis, Ática, lugar en el que se celebraban los misterios de Eleusis. Pertenecía a una noble y rica familia de terratenientes. En su juventud fue testigo del fin de la tiranía de los Pisistrátidas en Atenas.

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Frases Esquilo

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„On me the tempest falls. It does not make me tremble.“

—  Aeschylus
Context: On me the tempest falls. It does not make me tremble. O holy Mother Earth, O air and sun, behold me. I am wronged. line 1089

„Zeus, who guided mortals to be wise,
has established his fixed law—
wisdom comes through suffering.
Trouble, with its memories of pain,
drips in our hearts as we try to sleep,
so men against their will
learn to practice moderation.
Favours come to us from gods
seated on their solemn thrones—
such grace is harsh and violent.“

—  Aeschylus
lines 176–183, as translated by Ian Johnston Variant translations: Zeus has led us on to know, the Helmsman lays it down as law that we must suffer, suffer into truth. We cannot sleep, and drop by drop at the heart the pain of pain remembered comes again, and we resist, but ripeness comes as well. From the gods enthroned on the awesome rowing-bench there comes a violent love. Robert Fagles, The Oresteia (1975) God, whose law it is that he who learns must suffer. And even in our sleep, pain that cannot forget falls drop by drop upon the heart, and in our own despite, against our will, comes wisdom to us by the awful grace of God.<!-- "despite" rather than "despair" is correct here --> Edith Hamilton, The Greek Way (1930), pp. 61 and 194 Robert F. Kennedy quoted these lines in his speech announcing the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. on 4 April 1968. His version http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/rfkonmlkdeath.html: Even in our sleep, pain which cannot forget falls drop by drop upon the heart until, in our own despair, against our will, comes wisdom through the awful grace of God. Variant translations of πάθει μάθος: By suffering comes wisdom. The reward of suffering is experience. Wisdom comes alone through suffering.

„Bronze is the mirror of the form; wine, of the heart.“

—  Aeschylus
Fragment 384, reported in Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, 10th ed. (1919)

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