Frases de Aung San Suu Kyi

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Aung San Suu Kyi

Fecha de nacimiento: 19. Junio 1945

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Aung San Suu Kyi es una política birmana. El 30 de marzo de 2016 asumió los Ministerios de Exteriores, Energía, Educación y la Oficina de la Presidencia. No pudo asumir la presidencia del gobierno a pesar de que el partido que lidera, Liga Nacional por la Democracia , ganó las elecciones celebradas en noviembre de 2015, puesto que la constitución birmana, redactada por los militares que han controlado Birmania durante medio siglo, prohíbe ocupar el puesto a quienes tengan hijos con pasaporte extranjero y los de Suu Kyi tienen nacionalidad británica. Finalmente, el Parlamento -en el que el LND tiene mayoría absoluta- eligió como Presidente de Birmania a Htin Kyaw, amigo íntimo de Suu Kyi, y con cuatro de los ministerios más importantes del gobierno, Aung San Suu Kyi pasaría a gobernar en la sombra.[1]​

En los últimos años, la lucha de Suu Kyi por la democratización de Birmania recibió el apoyo internacional a través de numerosos premios: recibió el Premio Rafto, en 1990 el premio Sakharov por la libertad de pensamiento y en 1991 el Premio Nobel de la Paz. En 1992 recibió el Premio Jawaharlal Nehrupara para el entendimiento internacional, otorgado por el gobierno de India, y el Premio Internacional Simón Bolívar por el gobierno de Venezuela. En el 2012, el gobierno de Pakistán le dio el premio Shaheed Benazir Bhutto por la democracia. En 2007, el gobierno de Canadá la hizo ciudadana honoraria de ese país,[2]​ siendo la cuarta persona en recibir este honor.[3]​ En el 2011 fue premiada con la medalla Wallenberg.[4]​ El 19 de septiembre del 2012 Aung San Suu Kyi fue presentada con la Medalla de Oro del congreso, que es, junto con la Medalla Presidencial de la Libertad, el más alto honor civil de los Estados Unidos.[5]​

Birmania estuvo gobernada por generales desde 1962 hasta 2011, cuando la última junta militar se disolvió después de traspasar el poder a un gobierno civil afín liderado por Thein Sein. Dicho presidente comenzó un proceso de reformas políticas, económicas y sociales que la Unión Europea y Estados Unidos recompensaron con el levantamiento de la mayoría de sanciones impuestas hasta entonces al país.

En las elecciones generales de 1990, la LND ganó el 59% de los votos nacionales y el 81% de las plazas en el parlamento.[6]​[7]​[8]​[9]​[10]​[11]​[12]​ Sin embargo, San Suu Kyi fue detenida bajo arresto domiciliario antes de las elecciones. Permaneció bajo arresto domiciliario en Birmania por casi 15 de los 21 años que transcurrieron del 20 de Julio de 1989 al 13 de noviembre de 2010,[13]​ convirtiéndose en una de las más emblemáticas prisioneras políticas a nivel mundial.[14]​

El primero de abril de 2012, su partido, la Liga Nacional para la Democracia, anunció que fue electa para la Pyithu Hluttaw, la cámara baja del parlamento de Birmania, representando la circunscripción de Kawhmu.[15]​ Su partido también ganó 43 de las 45 vacantes en la cámara baja.[16]​ Los resultados de la elección fueron confirmados por la comisión electoral oficial al siguiente día.[17]​

El 6 de junio de 2013, Suu Kyi aunció en el sitio web del Foro Económico Mundial que quería postularse para la presidencia de Myanmar en el 2015.[18]​ Sin embargo la actual constitución le prohíbe a Suu Kyi convertirse en presidenta debido a que estuvo casada con una persona no birmana, lo cual no puede ser modificado sin la aprobación de al menos un legislador militar.[19]​

En las elecciones generales de Myanmar de 2015, el partido de Suu Kyi logró el 86 % de los escaños en la asamblea ; más del 67% es el porcentaje que se necesitaba para asegurar que sus candidatos favoritos fueran luego elegidos como presidente y vicepresidente en el Colegio Presidencial Electoral.

Finalmente, luego de la formación del nuevo gobierno, Suu Kyi fue nombrada Consejera de Estado,[20]​ además de Ministra de Relaciones Exteriores y Ministra de la Oficina de Presidencia.

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Frases Aung San Suu Kyi

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„One of the tasks we have set ourselves“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Freedom of thought,…freedom of thought is essential to human progress. If we stop freedom of thought, we stop progress in our world. Because of this it is so important that we teach our children, our young people, the importance of freedom of thought. Freedom of thought begins with the right to ask questions. And this right our people in Burma have not had for so long that some of our young people do not quite know how to ask questions. One of the tasks we have set ourselves, in my party, the National League for Democracy is to teach our people to ask questions, not to accept everything that is done to them without asking why.

„Revered monks and people. This public rally is aimed at informing the whole world of the will of the people...“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Revered monks and people. This public rally is aimed at informing the whole world of the will of the people... Our purpose is to show that the entire people entertain the keenest desire for a multiparty democratic system of government. First public speech (26 August 1988)

„Security, freedom, dignity, if we had these three we could say that it has been worth while being born into this world“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Security, freedom, dignity, if we had these three we could say that it has been worth while being born into this world and I would like all the young people of Burma and young people all over the world to be able to feel that it was right that they have been born into this world.

„I would not like young people to ask this question, why were we born at all. I want them to ask every kind of question but for them to question why they have been born to a situation which does not assure them of their right to dignity and to freedom from want and from fear“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: I would not like young people to ask this question, why were we born at all. I want them to ask every kind of question but for them to question why they have been born to a situation which does not assure them of their right to dignity and to freedom from want and from fear, that is not the kind of question I would want anyone to ask.

„War is not the only arena where peace is done to death. Wherever suffering is ignored, there will be the seeds of conflict, for suffering degrades and embitters and enrages.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Are we not still guilty, if to a less violent degree, of recklessness, of improvidence with regard to our future and our humanity? War is not the only arena where peace is done to death. Wherever suffering is ignored, there will be the seeds of conflict, for suffering degrades and embitters and enrages.

„There is no intrinsic virtue to law and order unless 'law' is equated with justice and 'order' with the discipline of a people satisfied that justice has been done. Law as an instrument of state oppression is a familiar feature of totalitarianism. Without a popularly elected legislature and an independent judiciary to ensure due process, the authorities can enforce as 'law' arbitrary decrees that are in fact flagrant negations of all acceptable norms of justice. There can be no security for citizens in a state where new 'laws' can be made and old ones changed to suit the convenience of the powers that be.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: The words 'law and order' have so frequently been misused as an excuse for oppression that the very phrase has become suspect in countries which have known authoritarian rule. [... ] There is no intrinsic virtue to law and order unless 'law' is equated with justice and 'order' with the discipline of a people satisfied that justice has been done. Law as an instrument of state oppression is a familiar feature of totalitarianism. Without a popularly elected legislature and an independent judiciary to ensure due process, the authorities can enforce as 'law' arbitrary decrees that are in fact flagrant negations of all acceptable norms of justice. There can be no security for citizens in a state where new 'laws' can be made and old ones changed to suit the convenience of the powers that be. The iniquity of such practices is traditionally recognized by the precept that existing laws should not be set aside at will.

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„Weak logic, inconsistencies and alienation from the people are common features of authoritarianism. The relentless attempts of totalitarian regimes to prevent free thought and new ideas and the persistent assertion of their own rightness bring on them an intellectual stasis which they project on to the nation at large. Intimidation and propaganda work in a duet of oppression, while the people, lapped in fear and distrust, learn to dissemble and to keep silent.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Weak logic, inconsistencies and alienation from the people are common features of authoritarianism. The relentless attempts of totalitarian regimes to prevent free thought and new ideas and the persistent assertion of their own rightness bring on them an intellectual stasis which they project on to the nation at large. Intimidation and propaganda work in a duet of oppression, while the people, lapped in fear and distrust, learn to dissemble and to keep silent. And all the time the desire grows for a system which will lift them from the position of 'rice-eating robots' to the status of human beings who can think and speak freely and hold their heads high in the security of their rights.

„The peace of our world is indivisible. As long as negative forces are getting the better of positive forces anywhere, we are all at risk.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: The peace of our world is indivisible. As long as negative forces are getting the better of positive forces anywhere, we are all at risk. It may be questioned whether all negative forces could ever be removed. The simple answer is: “No!” It is in human nature to contain both the positive and the negative. However, it is also within human capability to work to reinforce the positive and to minimize or neutralize the negative. Absolute peace in our world is an unattainable goal. But it is one towards which we must continue to journey, our eyes fixed on it as a traveller in a desert fixes his eyes on the one guiding star that will lead him to salvation. Even if we do not achieve perfect peace on earth, because perfect peace is not of this earth, common endeavours to gain peace will unite individuals and nations in trust and friendship and help to make our human community safer and kinder.

„We have faith in the power to change what needs to be changed but we are under no illusion that the transition from dictatorship to liberal democracy will be easy, or that democratic government will mean the end of all our problems.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: We have faith in the power to change what needs to be changed but we are under no illusion that the transition from dictatorship to liberal democracy will be easy, or that democratic government will mean the end of all our problems. We know that our greatest challenges lie ahead of us and that our struggle to establish a stable, democratic society will continue beyond our own life span. But we know that we are not alone. The cause of liberty and justice finds sympathetic responses around the world. Thinking and feeling people everywhere, regardless of color or creed, understand the deeply rooted human need for a meaningful existence that goes beyond the mere gratification of material desires. Those fortunate enough to live in societies where they are entitled to full political rights can reach out to help their less fortunate brethren in other areas of our troubled planet.

„Why is one of the most important words in any language. You have to know why the world is the way it is or you have to want to know. If you do not have this curiosity and if you do not have the intelligence in order to be able to express this curiosity in terms that others can understand than we will not be able to contribute to progress in our world.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Why is one of the most important words in any language. You have to know why the world is the way it is or you have to want to know. If you do not have this curiosity and if you do not have the intelligence in order to be able to express this curiosity in terms that others can understand than we will not be able to contribute to progress in our world. How many of our people over these past few decades ever ask themselves why that had to submit to the authority of people who did not have the mandate of the general public. I do not think very many did. It was taken for granted that those who had power and authority could do exactly as they please. This was something that we could not accept.

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„It is the duty of the government to make all our people feel secure, and it is the duty of our people to learn to live in harmony with one another.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Our struggle for democracy has been carried out with a strong grasp on the principle of nonviolence. And also, we believe in the rule of law. So if you ask how do we propose to resolve all of these problems of violence between communities, between different ethnic groups, we've got to start with rule of law. People have to feel secure before they can start talking to one another. We cannot achieve harmony without security. People who feel threatened are not going to sit down and sort out their problems. So I would like to recommend, as the chair of the Rule of Law and Tranquility Committee -- don't forget that tranquility is also included -- that the government should look to rule of law. It is the duty of the government to make all our people feel secure, and it is the duty of our people to learn to live in harmony with one another. Remarks by President Obama and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma in Joint Press Conference at Aung San Suu Kyi Residence in Rangoon, Burma on November 14, 2014 http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/14/remarks-president-obama-and-daw-aung-san-suu-kyi-burma-joint-press-confe

„Democracy allows people to have different views, and democracy“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Democracy allows people to have different views, and democracy makes it also -- makes us also responsible for negotiating an answer for those views. [... ] So we would like to -- it’s not just a matter of debating the case in parliament and winning Brownie points or Boy Scout points, or whatever they’re called. But it’s just a case of standing up for what we think our country needs. And we would like to talk to those who disagree with us. That, again, is what democracy is about. You talk to those who disagree with you; you don’t beat them down. You exchange views. And you come to a compromise, a settlement that would be best for the country. I’ve always said that dialogues and debates are not aimed at achieving victory for one particular party or the other, but victory for our people as a whole. [... ] We want to build up a strong foundation for national reconciliation, which means reconciliation not just between the different ethnic groups and between different religious groups, but between different ideas -- for example, between the idea of military supremacy and the idea of civilian authority over the military, which is the foundation of democracy. Remarks by President Obama and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma in Joint Press Conference at Aung San Suu Kyi Residence in Rangoon, Burma on November 14, 2014 http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/14/remarks-president-obama-and-daw-aung-san-suu-kyi-burma-joint-press-confe

„Those of us who decided to work for democracy in Burma made our choice in the conviction that the danger of standing up for basic human rights in a repressive society was preferable to the safety of a quiescent life in servitude.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Those of us who decided to work for democracy in Burma made our choice in the conviction that the danger of standing up for basic human rights in a repressive society was preferable to the safety of a quiescent life in servitude. Ours is a nonviolent movement that depends on faith in the human predilection for fair play and compassion. Some would insist that man is primarily an economic animal interested only in his material well-being. This is too narrow a view of a species which has produced numberless brave men and women who are prepared to undergo relentless persecution to uphold deeply held beliefs and principles. It is my pride and inspiration that such men and women exist in my country today.

„It is man's vision of a world fit for rational, civilized humanity which leads him to dare and to suffer to build societies free from want and fear. Concepts such as truth, justice and compassion cannot be dismissed as trite when these are often the only bulwarks which stand against ruthless power.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: The wellspring of courage and endurance in the face of unbridled power is generally a firm belief in the sanctity of ethical principles combined with a historical sense that despite all setbacks the condition of man is set on an ultimate course for both spiritual and material advancement. It is his capacity for self-improvement and self-redemption which most distinguishes man from the mere brute. At the root of human responsibility is the concept of perfection, the urge to achieve it, the intelligence to find a path towards it, and the will to follow that path if not to the end at least the distance needed to rise above individual limitations and environmental impediments. It is man's vision of a world fit for rational, civilized humanity which leads him to dare and to suffer to build societies free from want and fear. Concepts such as truth, justice and compassion cannot be dismissed as trite when these are often the only bulwarks which stand against ruthless power.

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