Frases de Aung San Suu Kyi

Aung San Suu Kyi Foto
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Aung San Suu Kyi

Fecha de nacimiento: 19. Junio 1945

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Aung San Suu Kyi es una política birmana. El 30 de marzo de 2016 asumió los Ministerios de Exteriores, Energía, Educación y la Oficina de la Presidencia. No pudo asumir la presidencia del gobierno a pesar de que el partido que lidera, Liga Nacional por la Democracia , ganó las elecciones celebradas en noviembre de 2015, puesto que la constitución birmana, redactada por los militares que han controlado Birmania durante medio siglo, prohíbe ocupar el puesto a quienes tengan hijos con pasaporte extranjero y los de Suu Kyi tienen nacionalidad británica. Finalmente, el Parlamento -en el que el LND tiene mayoría absoluta- eligió como Presidente de Birmania a Htin Kyaw, amigo íntimo de Suu Kyi, y con cuatro de los ministerios más importantes del gobierno, Aung San Suu Kyi pasaría a gobernar en la sombra.[1]​

En los últimos años, la lucha de Suu Kyi por la democratización de Birmania recibió el apoyo internacional a través de numerosos premios: recibió el Premio Rafto, en 1990 el premio Sakharov por la libertad de pensamiento y en 1991 el Premio Nobel de la Paz. En 1992 recibió el Premio Jawaharlal Nehrupara para el entendimiento internacional, otorgado por el gobierno de India, y el Premio Internacional Simón Bolívar por el gobierno de Venezuela. En el 2012, el gobierno de Pakistán le dio el premio Shaheed Benazir Bhutto por la democracia. En 2007, el gobierno de Canadá la hizo ciudadana honoraria de ese país,[2]​ siendo la cuarta persona en recibir este honor.[3]​ En el 2011 fue premiada con la medalla Wallenberg.[4]​ El 19 de septiembre del 2012 Aung San Suu Kyi fue presentada con la Medalla de Oro del congreso, que es, junto con la Medalla Presidencial de la Libertad, el más alto honor civil de los Estados Unidos.[5]​

Birmania estuvo gobernada por generales desde 1962 hasta 2011, cuando la última junta militar se disolvió después de traspasar el poder a un gobierno civil afín liderado por Thein Sein. Dicho presidente comenzó un proceso de reformas políticas, económicas y sociales que la Unión Europea y Estados Unidos recompensaron con el levantamiento de la mayoría de sanciones impuestas hasta entonces al país.

En las elecciones generales de 1990, la LND ganó el 59% de los votos nacionales y el 81% de las plazas en el parlamento.[6]​[7]​[8]​[9]​[10]​[11]​[12]​ Sin embargo, San Suu Kyi fue detenida bajo arresto domiciliario antes de las elecciones. Permaneció bajo arresto domiciliario en Birmania por casi 15 de los 21 años que transcurrieron del 20 de Julio de 1989 al 13 de noviembre de 2010,[13]​ convirtiéndose en una de las más emblemáticas prisioneras políticas a nivel mundial.[14]​

El primero de abril de 2012, su partido, la Liga Nacional para la Democracia, anunció que fue electa para la Pyithu Hluttaw, la cámara baja del parlamento de Birmania, representando la circunscripción de Kawhmu.[15]​ Su partido también ganó 43 de las 45 vacantes en la cámara baja.[16]​ Los resultados de la elección fueron confirmados por la comisión electoral oficial al siguiente día.[17]​

El 6 de junio de 2013, Suu Kyi aunció en el sitio web del Foro Económico Mundial que quería postularse para la presidencia de Myanmar en el 2015.[18]​ Sin embargo la actual constitución le prohíbe a Suu Kyi convertirse en presidenta debido a que estuvo casada con una persona no birmana, lo cual no puede ser modificado sin la aprobación de al menos un legislador militar.[19]​

En las elecciones generales de Myanmar de 2015, el partido de Suu Kyi logró el 86 % de los escaños en la asamblea ; más del 67% es el porcentaje que se necesitaba para asegurar que sus candidatos favoritos fueran luego elegidos como presidente y vicepresidente en el Colegio Presidencial Electoral.

Finalmente, luego de la formación del nuevo gobierno, Suu Kyi fue nombrada Consejera de Estado,[20]​ además de Ministra de Relaciones Exteriores y Ministra de la Oficina de Presidencia.

Frases Aung San Suu Kyi

„Nuestra lucha por la democracia se ha llevado a cabo con un fuerte dominio del principio de no violencia. Y también creemos en el estado de derecho. Entonces, si pregunta cómo proponemos resolver todos estos problemas de violencia]] entre comunidades, entre diferentes grupos étnicos, tenemos que comenzar con el estado de derecho. Las personas deben sentirse seguras antes de poder comenzar a hablar entre ellas. No podemos lograr la armonía sin seguridad. Las personas que se sienten amenazadas no van a sentarse y resolver sus problemas. Así que me gustaría recomendar, como presidente del Comité de Estado de Derecho y del Comité de Paz, no se olvide que también se incluye la paz, que el gobierno debe observar el estado de derecho. Es el deber del gobierno hacer que toda nuestra gente se sienta segura, y es el deber de nuestra gente aprender a vivir en armonía unos con otros.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Original: «Our struggle for democracy has been carried out with a strong grasp on the principle of nonviolence. And also, we believe in the rule of law. So if you ask how do we propose to resolve all of these problems of violence between communities, between different ethnic groups, we've got to start with rule of law. People have to feel secure before they can start talking to one another. We cannot achieve harmony without security. People who feel threatened are not going to sit down and sort out their problems. So I would like to recommend, as the chair of the Rule of Law and Tranquility Committee -- don't forget that tranquility is also included -- that the government should look to rule of law. It is the duty of the government to make all our people feel secure, and it is the duty of our people to learn to live in harmony with one another.»

„Donde no hay justicia no puede haber paz segura.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Source: In Quest of Democracy (1991). http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/In_Quest_of_Democracy-ocr.pdf Original: «Where there is no justice there can be no secure peace.»

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„La raíz de las desgracias de una nación debe buscarse en los defectos morales del gobierno.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
In Quest of Democracy (En busca de la democracia), Original: «The root of a nation's misfortunes has to be sought in the moral failings of the government.»

„El buen gobernante sublima sus necesidades como individuo al servicio de la nación.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
In Quest of Democracy (En busca de la democracia), Source: Political Dissent: A Global Reader: Ancient to Early-Modern Sources. Editor Derek Malone-France. Editorial Lexington Books, 2011. ISBN 9780739135969. p. 268. «The good ruler sublimates his needs as an individual to the service of the nation.»

„Mientras que un individuo privado puede estar limitado solo por los votos formales que él hace, aquellos que gobiernan deben estar completamente sujetos a la verdad en pensamiento, palabra y acción.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
In Quest of Democracy (En busca de la democracia), Original: «While a private individual may be bound only by the formal vows that he makes, those who govern should be wholly bound by the truth in thought, word and deed.»

„To be kind is to respond with sensitivity and human warmth to the hopes and needs of others. Even the briefest touch of kindness can lighten a heavy heart. Kindness can change the lives of people.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech (2012), Context: Of the sweets of adversity, and let me say that these are not numerous, I have found the sweetest, the most precious of all, is the lesson I learnt on the value of kindness. Every kindness I received, small or big, convinced me that there could never be enough of it in our world. To be kind is to respond with sensitivity and human warmth to the hopes and needs of others. Even the briefest touch of kindness can lighten a heavy heart. Kindness can change the lives of people.

„It is man's vision of a world fit for rational, civilized humanity which leads him to dare and to suffer to build societies free from want and fear. Concepts such as truth, justice and compassion cannot be dismissed as trite when these are often the only bulwarks which stand against ruthless power.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi, libro Freedom from Fear
Freedom from Fear (1991), Context: The wellspring of courage and endurance in the face of unbridled power is generally a firm belief in the sanctity of ethical principles combined with a historical sense that despite all setbacks the condition of man is set on an ultimate course for both spiritual and material advancement. It is his capacity for self-improvement and self-redemption which most distinguishes man from the mere brute. At the root of human responsibility is the concept of perfection, the urge to achieve it, the intelligence to find a path towards it, and the will to follow that path if not to the end at least the distance needed to rise above individual limitations and environmental impediments. It is man's vision of a world fit for rational, civilized humanity which leads him to dare and to suffer to build societies free from want and fear. Concepts such as truth, justice and compassion cannot be dismissed as trite when these are often the only bulwarks which stand against ruthless power.

„Revered monks and people. This public rally is aimed at informing the whole world of the will of the people…“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Revered monks and people. This public rally is aimed at informing the whole world of the will of the people... Our purpose is to show that the entire people entertain the keenest desire for a multiparty democratic system of government. First public speech (26 August 1988)

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„The quintessential revolution is that of the spirit, born of an intellectual conviction of the need for change in those mental attitudes and values which shape the course of a nation's development. A revolution which aims merely at changing official policies and institutions with a view to an improvement in material conditions has little chance of genuine success.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi, libro Freedom from Fear
Freedom from Fear (1991), Context: The quintessential revolution is that of the spirit, born of an intellectual conviction of the need for change in those mental attitudes and values which shape the course of a nation's development. A revolution which aims merely at changing official policies and institutions with a view to an improvement in material conditions has little chance of genuine success. Without a revolution of the spirit, the forces which produced the iniquities of the old order would continue to be operative, posing a constant threat to the process of reform and regeneration. It is not enough merely to call for freedom, democracy and human rights. There has to be a united determination to persevere in the struggle, to make sacrifices in the name of enduring truths, to resist the corrupting influences of desire, ill will, ignorance and fear.

„Absolute peace in our world is an unattainable goal. But it is one towards which we must continue to journey, our eyes fixed on it as a traveller in a desert fixes his eyes on the one guiding star that will lead him to salvation. Even if we do not achieve perfect peace on earth, because perfect peace is not of this earth, common endeavours to gain peace will unite individuals and nations in trust and friendship and help to make our human community safer and kinder.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech (2012), Context: The peace of our world is indivisible. As long as negative forces are getting the better of positive forces anywhere, we are all at risk. It may be questioned whether all negative forces could ever be removed. The simple answer is: “No!” It is in human nature to contain both the positive and the negative. However, it is also within human capability to work to reinforce the positive and to minimize or neutralize the negative. Absolute peace in our world is an unattainable goal. But it is one towards which we must continue to journey, our eyes fixed on it as a traveller in a desert fixes his eyes on the one guiding star that will lead him to salvation. Even if we do not achieve perfect peace on earth, because perfect peace is not of this earth, common endeavours to gain peace will unite individuals and nations in trust and friendship and help to make our human community safer and kinder.

„Those of us who decided to work for democracy in Burma made our choice in the conviction that the danger of standing up for basic human rights in a repressive society was preferable to the safety of a quiescent life in servitude.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Please Use Your Liberty to Promote Ours (1997), Context: Those of us who decided to work for democracy in Burma made our choice in the conviction that the danger of standing up for basic human rights in a repressive society was preferable to the safety of a quiescent life in servitude. Ours is a nonviolent movement that depends on faith in the human predilection for fair play and compassion. Some would insist that man is primarily an economic animal interested only in his material well-being. This is too narrow a view of a species which has produced numberless brave men and women who are prepared to undergo relentless persecution to uphold deeply held beliefs and principles. It is my pride and inspiration that such men and women exist in my country today.

„It is the duty of the government to make all our people feel secure, and it is the duty of our people to learn to live in harmony with one another.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Context: Our struggle for democracy has been carried out with a strong grasp on the principle of nonviolence. And also, we believe in the rule of law. So if you ask how do we propose to resolve all of these problems of violence between communities, between different ethnic groups, we've got to start with rule of law. People have to feel secure before they can start talking to one another. We cannot achieve harmony without security. People who feel threatened are not going to sit down and sort out their problems. So I would like to recommend, as the chair of the Rule of Law and Tranquility Committee -- don't forget that tranquility is also included -- that the government should look to rule of law. It is the duty of the government to make all our people feel secure, and it is the duty of our people to learn to live in harmony with one another. Remarks by President Obama and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma in Joint Press Conference at Aung San Suu Kyi Residence in Rangoon, Burma on November 14, 2014 http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/14/remarks-president-obama-and-daw-aung-san-suu-kyi-burma-joint-press-confe

„The peace of our world is indivisible. As long as negative forces are getting the better of positive forces anywhere, we are all at risk.“

—  Aung San Suu Kyi
Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech (2012), Context: The peace of our world is indivisible. As long as negative forces are getting the better of positive forces anywhere, we are all at risk. It may be questioned whether all negative forces could ever be removed. The simple answer is: “No!” It is in human nature to contain both the positive and the negative. However, it is also within human capability to work to reinforce the positive and to minimize or neutralize the negative. Absolute peace in our world is an unattainable goal. But it is one towards which we must continue to journey, our eyes fixed on it as a traveller in a desert fixes his eyes on the one guiding star that will lead him to salvation. Even if we do not achieve perfect peace on earth, because perfect peace is not of this earth, common endeavours to gain peace will unite individuals and nations in trust and friendship and help to make our human community safer and kinder.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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