Frases de Bernardo de Claraval

Bernardo de Claraval Foto
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Bernardo de Claraval

Fecha de nacimiento: 1090
Fecha de muerte: 20. Agosto 1153
Otros nombres: Sv. Bernard Z Clairvaux, Sv. Bernard, San Bernardo di Chiaravalle

Bernard de Fontaine, conocido como Bernardo de Claraval o en francés, Bernard de Clairvaux, fue un monje cisterciense francés y abad de la abadía de Claraval.

Con él, la Orden del Císter se expandió por toda Europa y ocupó el primer plano de la influencia religiosa. Participó en los principales conflictos doctrinales de su época y se implicó en los asuntos importantes de la Iglesia. En el cisma de Anacleto II se movilizó para defender al que fue declarado verdadero papa, se opuso al racionalista Abelardo y fue el apasionado predicador de la segunda Cruzada.

Es una personalidad esencial en la historia de la Iglesia católica y la más notable de su siglo. Ejerció una gran influencia en la vida política y religiosa de Europa.[2]​

Sus contribuciones han perfilado la religiosidad cristiana, el canto gregoriano, la vida monástica y la expansión de la arquitectura gótica.[3]​

La Iglesia católica lo canonizó en 1174 como san Bernardo de Claraval, y lo declaró Doctor de la Iglesia en 1830. Wikipedia

Frases Bernardo de Claraval

„El infierno está empedrado de buenas intenciones.“

—  Bernardo de Claraval

Aunque generalmente hoy en día lo encontramos como un refrán o proverbio, San Francisco de Sales lo atribuye a San Bernardo de Claraval.
Fuente: Gran enciclopedia Larousse en veinte volúmenes, Volumen 10. Autor Larousse (Firm). Editorial Larousse, 1967. p. 1.022.

„El desconocimiento propio genera soberbia; pero el desconocimiento de Dios genera desesperación.“

—  Bernardo de Claraval

Fuente: Palomo Triguero, Eduardo. Cita-logía. Editorial Punto Rojo Libros,S.L. ISBN 978-84-16068-10-4. p. 89.

„La culpa no está en el sentimiento, sino en el consentimiento.“

—  Bernardo de Claraval

Fuente: Stamateas, Bernardo. Intoxicados por la fe: Cómo ser libres de una religión tóxica y vivir una espiritualidad feliz. Editorial Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial Argentina, 2011. ISBN 9789502805290.

„La muerte os espera en todas partes; pero, sí sois prudentes, en todas partes la esperáis vosotros.“

—  Bernardo de Claraval

Fuente: Palomo Triguero, Eduardo. Cita-logía. Editorial Punto Rojo Libros,S.L. ISBN 978-84-16068-10-4. p. 241.

„La novedad es madre de la temeridad, hermana de la superstición e hija de la ligereza.“

—  Bernardo de Claraval

Fuente: Palomo Triguero, Eduardo. Cita-logía. Editorial Punto Rojo Libros,S.L. ISBN 978-84-16068-10-4. p. 212.

„¿Qué es la avaricia? Un continuo vivir en la pobreza por temor a ser pobre.“

—  Bernardo de Claraval

Fuente: Palomo Triguero, Eduardo. Cita-logía. Editorial Punto Rojo Libros,S.L. ISBN 978-84-16068-10-4. p. 47.

„El caballero de Cristo da la muerte con una seguridad completa. Si muere, es por su bien, si mata, es por Cristo.“

—  Bernardo de Claraval

Fuente: Ruspoli, Carlo Emanuele, Muerte de profesos. Editorial Palibrio, 2012. ISBN 9781463317652. p. 383.

„What the eye doesn't see, the heart doesn't grieve.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

In Festo Omnium Sanctorum, Sermo 5, sect. 5; translation from Scottish Notes and Queries, 1st series, vol. 7, p. 59
Original: (la) Vulgo dicitur: Quod non videt oculus, cor non dolet.
Contexto: It is commonly said: What the eye doesn't see, the heart doesn't grieve.

„It’s not as if grace did one half of the work and free choice the other; each does the whole work, in its own peculiar contribution.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

On Grace & Free Choice, chap 14.(de Gratia Et Libero Arbitrio), Daniel O'Donovan, trans., Introduction, Bernard McGinn, Cistercian Publications, 1988, p. 37. https://books.google.com/books?id=ODcqAAAAYAAJ&q=%22not+as+if+grace+did+one+half+of+the+work+and+free+choice+the+other%22&dq=%22not+as+if+grace+did+one+half+of+the+work+and+free+choice+the+other%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjT7I76jK_TAhUFNiYKHZrCB3gQ6AEIODAE (Note: Fr. Harry J. McSorley, C.S.P. Commenting on this teaching of Bernard, states: "We are indebted to Bernard of Clairvaux … for the clarification that grace and free will are not related as partial causes - which would be a false synergism - but as total causes of the act of justification, each on its own proper plane. Bernard maintains the Catholic-Augustinian tradition by insisting that man's natural freedom (liberum arbitrium) remains even after the fall. It is a wretched, but nonetheless integral free will. This natural freedom of the will, possessed by the just and sinners alike, enables us to will, but not to will what is good. It is grace alone that gives us good will." Luther, Right or Wrong, (1969), Newman Press / Augsburg Publishing House, p. 133 https://books.google.com/books?id=KaRAAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA133&dq=%22for+the+clarification+that+grace+and+free+will+are+not+related+as+partial+causes%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjX5fjGjK_TAhUKRSYKHdmfBCsQ6AEIIjAA#v=onepage&q=%22for%20the%20clarification%20that%20grace%20and%20free%20will%20are%20not%20related%20as%20partial%20causes%22&f=false
Contexto: It’s not as if grace did one half of the work and free choice the other; each does the whole work, in its own peculiar contribution. Grace does the whole work, and so does free choice – with this one qualification: That whereas the whole is done in free choice, so is the whole done of grace.

„They deprive the dead of the help of the living, and rob the living of the prayers of the saints because they have died“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

These New Heretics, Sermon 66 on The Song of Songs. http://www.pathsoflove.com/bernard/songofsongs/sermon66.html
Contexto: Look at those detractors. Look at those dogs. They ridicule us for baptizing infants, praying for the dead, and asking the prayers of the saints. They lose no time in cutting Christ off from all kinds of people to both sexes, young and old, living and dead. They put infants outside the sphere of grace because they are too young to receive it, and those who are full grown because they find difficulty in preserving chastity. They deprive the dead of the help of the living, and rob the living of the prayers of the saints because they have died. God forbid! The Lord will not forsake his people who are as the sands of the sea, nor will he who redeemed all be content with a few, and those heretics....

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„To learn in order to know is scandalous curiosity.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

Translation from Etienne Gilson, The Mystical Theology of St. Bernard
Then you have some people who wish to know for the sake of knowing, and that is scandalous curiosity. (Translation from J. Van Herwaarden, Between Saint James and Erasmus: Studies in Late-Medieval Religious Life)
Sermones in Cantica XXXVI, Migne PL 183, col. 968-969
Original: (la) Sunt qui scire volunt tantum, ut sciant, et turpis curiositas est.

„They ridicule us for baptizing infants, praying for the dead, and asking the prayers of the saints.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

These New Heretics, Sermon 66 on The Song of Songs. http://www.pathsoflove.com/bernard/songofsongs/sermon66.html
Contexto: Look at those detractors. Look at those dogs. They ridicule us for baptizing infants, praying for the dead, and asking the prayers of the saints. They lose no time in cutting Christ off from all kinds of people to both sexes, young and old, living and dead. They put infants outside the sphere of grace because they are too young to receive it, and those who are full grown because they find difficulty in preserving chastity. They deprive the dead of the help of the living, and rob the living of the prayers of the saints because they have died. God forbid! The Lord will not forsake his people who are as the sands of the sea, nor will he who redeemed all be content with a few, and those heretics....

„My Beloved, look on me;
Turn me wholly unto Thee;
"Be thou whole," say openly:
"I forgive thee all."“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

Reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 398
Contexto: Prostrate, see Thy cross I grasp,
And Thy pierced feet I clasp;
Gracious Jesus, spurn me not;
On me, with compassion fraught,
Let Thy glances fall.
Thy cross of agony,
My Beloved, look on me;
Turn me wholly unto Thee;
"Be thou whole," say openly:
"I forgive thee all."

„Human reason is snatching everything to itself, leaving nothing for faith.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

Reported in Walter Nigg, The Heretics: Heresy Through the Ages (1962) (who cites Adolph Hausrath 1895 as a source)
Contexto: The faith of simplicity is mocked, the secrets of Christ profaned, questions on the highest things are impertinently asked, the Fathers scorned because they were disposed to conciliate rather than solve such problems. Human reason is snatching everything to itself, leaving nothing for faith. It falls upon things which are beyond it... desecrates sacred things more than clarifies them. It does not unlock mysteries and symbols, but tears them asunder; it makes nought of everything to which it cannot gain access and disdains to believe all such things.

„I would count him blessed and holy to whom such rapture has been vouchsafed in this mortal life, for even an instant to lose thyself,
as if thou wert emptied and lost and swallowed up in God, is no human love; it is celestial“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

Contexto: I would count him blessed and holy to whom such rapture has been vouchsafed in this mortal life, for even an instant to lose thyself,
as if thou wert emptied and lost and swallowed up in God, is no human love; it is celestial.
But if sometimes a poor mortal feels that heavenly joy for a rapturous moment, then this wretched life envies his happiness,
the malice of daily trifles disturbs him, this body of death weighs him down, the needs of the flesh are imperative,
the weakness of corruption fails him, and above all brotherly love calls him back to duty.
Alas! that voice summons him to re-enter his own round of existence; and he must ever cry out lamentably,
‘O Lord, I am oppressed: undertake for me’ (Isa. 38.14); and again, ‘O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?’ (Rom. 7.24)

„To reach this state is to become deified. As a drop of water poured into wine loses itself, and takes the color and savor of wine; or as a bar of iron, heated red-hot, becomes like fire itself, forgetting its own nature; or as the air, radiant with sun-beams, seems not so much to be illuminated as to be light itself; so in the saints all human affections melt away by some unspeakable transmutation into the will of God. For how could God be all in all, if anything merely human remained in man? The substance will endure, but in another beauty, a higher power, a greater glory.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

From, On Loving of God, Paul Halsall trans., Ch. 10
Contexto: Seeing that the Scripture saith, God has made all for His own glory (Isa. 43.7), surely His creatures ought to conform themselves, as much as they can, to His will. In Him should all our affections center, so that in all things we should seek only to do His will, not to please ourselves. And real happiness will come, not in gratifying our desires or in gaining transient pleasures, but in accomplishing God’s will for us: even as we pray every day: ‘Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven’ (Matt. 6.10). O chaste and holy love! O sweet and gracious affection! O pure and cleansed purpose, thoroughly washed and purged from any admixture of selfishness, and sweetened by contact with the divine will! To reach this state is to become deified. As a drop of water poured into wine loses itself, and takes the color and savor of wine; or as a bar of iron, heated red-hot, becomes like fire itself, forgetting its own nature; or as the air, radiant with sun-beams, seems not so much to be illuminated as to be light itself; so in the saints all human affections melt away by some unspeakable transmutation into the will of God. For how could God be all in all, if anything merely human remained in man? The substance will endure, but in another beauty, a higher power, a greater glory. When will that be? Who will see, who possess it? ‘When shall I come to appear before the presence of God?’ (Ps. 42.2). ‘My heart hath talked of Thee, Seek ye My face: Thy face, Lord, will I seek’ (Ps. 27.8). Lord, thinkest Thou that I, even I shall see Thy holy temple?

„The true measure of loving God is to love Him without measure.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

Reported in Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert, Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers (1895), p. 395

„Believe me, you will find more lessons in the woods than in books. Trees and stones will teach you what you cannot learn from masters.“

—  Bernard of Clairvaux

Epistola CVI, sect. 2; translation from Edward Churton The Early English Church ([1840] 1841) p. 324
Original: (la) Experto crede: aliquid amplius invenies in silvis, quam in libris. Ligna et lapides docebunt te, quod a magistris audire non possis.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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