Frases de Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine Foto
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Thomas Paine

Fecha de nacimiento: 29. Enero 1737
Fecha de muerte: 8. Junio 1809
Otros nombres:Пейн Томас

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Thomas Paine fue un político, escritor, filósofo, intelectual radical y revolucionario estadounidense de origen inglés. Promotor del liberalismo y de la democracia. Es considerado uno de los Padres fundadores de los Estados Unidos.

Nacido en Thetford, en el condado inglés de Norfolk, Paine emigró a las colonias británicas en América en 1774 para participar en la revolución americana. Sus contribuciones principales fueron el tan leído ensayo Common Sense , donde abogaba por la independencia de las colonias y The American crisis una serie de escritos a favor de la revolución.

En 1789 visitó Francia y allí vivió durante casi toda la década siguiente. Se vio envuelto profundamente en los primeros años de la Revolución francesa. Escribió Rights of Man , en parte una defensa de la Revolución francesa contra sus críticos, en particular el hombre de estado británico Edmund Burke. En Gran Bretaña, fue juzgado y declarado culpable en ausencia por el crimen de libelo sedicioso. A pesar de no hablar francés, fue elegido para la Convención Nacional en 1792. Los girondinos le vieron como un aliado por lo que los montañeses, en especial Robespierre, lo consideraron su enemigo. En diciembre de 1793, fue arrestado y encarcelado en París y liberado en 1794. Se hizo notorio por La edad de la razón , libro que aboga por el deísmo, promueve la razón y el librepensamiento, argumenta en contra de la religión institucionalizada y las doctrinas cristianas. También escribió Justicia Agraria , discutiendo los orígenes de la propiedad e introduciendo el concepto de renta mínima garantizada.

Frases Thomas Paine

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„The mind once enlightened cannot again become dark.“

— Thomas Paine, A Letter Addressed to the Abbe Raynal on the Affairs of North America

„Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good.“

— Thomas Paine, Rights of Man
Context: I speak an open and disinterested language, dictated by no passion but that of humanity. To me, who have not only refused offers, because I thought them improper, but have declined rewards I might with reputation have accepted, it is no wonder that meanness and imposition appear disgustful. Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good. Part 2.7 Chapter V. Ways and means of improving the condition of Europe, interspersed with miscellaneous observations

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„The one encourages intercourse, the other creates distinctions. The first is a patron, the last a punisher. Society in every state is a blessing, but government even in its best state is but a necessary evil.“

— Thomas Paine
Context: Society is produced by our wants, and government by wickedness; the former promotes our happiness positively by uniting our affections, the latter negatively by restraining our vices. The one encourages intercourse, the other creates distinctions. The first is a patron, the last a punisher. Society in every state is a blessing, but government even in its best state is but a necessary evil.

„He investigates nothing to its source, and therefore he confounds everything“

— Thomas Paine
Context: To possess ourselves of a clear idea of what government is, or ought to be, we must trace it to its origin. In doing this we shall easily discover that governments must have arisen either out of the people or over the people. Mr. Burke has made no distinction. He investigates nothing to its source, and therefore he confounds everything; but he has signified his intention of undertaking, at some future opportunity, a comparison between the constitution of England and France. As he thus renders it a subject of controversy by throwing the gauntlet, I take him upon his own ground. It is in high challenges that high truths have the right of appearing; and I accept it with the more readiness because it affords me, at the same time, an opportunity of pursuing the subject with respect to governments arising out of society. Part 1.3 Rights of Man

„Toleration is not the opposite of Intolerance, but is the counterfeit of it. Both are despotisms.“

— Thomas Paine
Context: Toleration is not the opposite of Intolerance, but is the counterfeit of it. Both are despotisms. The one assumes to itself the right of withholding Liberty of Conscience, and the other of granting it. The one is the Pope armed with fire and faggot, and the other is the Pope selling or granting indulgences. The former is church and state, and the latter is church and traffic. Part 1.3 Rights of Man

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