Frases de Thomas Paine

Thomas Paine Foto
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Thomas Paine

Fecha de nacimiento: 29. Enero 1737
Fecha de muerte: 8. Junio 1809
Otros nombres:Пейн Томас

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Thomas Paine fue un político, escritor, filósofo, intelectual radical y revolucionario estadounidense de origen inglés. Promotor del liberalismo y de la democracia. Es considerado uno de los Padres fundadores de los Estados Unidos.

Nacido en Thetford, en el condado inglés de Norfolk, Paine emigró a las colonias británicas en América en 1774 para participar en la revolución americana. Sus contribuciones principales fueron el tan leído ensayo Common Sense , donde abogaba por la independencia de las colonias y The American crisis una serie de escritos a favor de la revolución.

En 1789 visitó Francia y allí vivió durante casi toda la década siguiente. Se vio envuelto profundamente en los primeros años de la Revolución francesa. Escribió Rights of Man , en parte una defensa de la Revolución francesa contra sus críticos, en particular el hombre de estado británico Edmund Burke. En Gran Bretaña, fue juzgado y declarado culpable en ausencia por el crimen de libelo sedicioso. A pesar de no hablar francés, fue elegido para la Convención Nacional en 1792. Los girondinos le vieron como un aliado por lo que los montañeses, en especial Robespierre, lo consideraron su enemigo. En diciembre de 1793, fue arrestado y encarcelado en París y liberado en 1794. Se hizo notorio por La edad de la razón , libro que aboga por el deísmo, promueve la razón y el librepensamiento, argumenta en contra de la religión institucionalizada y las doctrinas cristianas. También escribió Justicia Agraria , discutiendo los orígenes de la propiedad e introduciendo el concepto de renta mínima garantizada.

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Frases Thomas Paine

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„The mind once enlightened cannot again become dark.“

—  Thomas Paine, A Letter Addressed to the Abbe Raynal on the Affairs of North America

„Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good.“

—  Thomas Paine, Rights of Man
Context: I speak an open and disinterested language, dictated by no passion but that of humanity. To me, who have not only refused offers, because I thought them improper, but have declined rewards I might with reputation have accepted, it is no wonder that meanness and imposition appear disgustful. Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good. Part 2.7 Chapter V. Ways and means of improving the condition of Europe, interspersed with miscellaneous observations

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„When the rich plunder the poor of his rights, it becomes an example of the poor to plunder the rich of his property, for the rights of the one are as much property to him as wealth is property to the other and the little all is as dear as the much. It is only by setting out on just principles that men are trained to be just to each other; and it will always be found, that when the rich protect the rights of the poor, the poor will protect the property of the rich.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: It is from a strange mixture of tyranny and cowardice that exclusions have been set up and continued. The boldness to do wrong at first, changes afterwards into cowardly craft, and at last into fear. The Representatives in England appear now to act as if they were afraid to do right, even in part, lest it should awaken the nation to a sense of all the wrongs it has endured. This case serves to shew that the same conduct that best constitutes the safety of an individual, namely, a strict adherence to principle, constitutes also the safety of a Government, and that without it safety is but an empty name. When the rich plunder the poor of his rights, it becomes an example of the poor to plunder the rich of his property, for the rights of the one are as much property to him as wealth is property to the other and the little all is as dear as the much. It is only by setting out on just principles that men are trained to be just to each other; and it will always be found, that when the rich protect the rights of the poor, the poor will protect the property of the rich. But the guarantee, to be effectual, must be parliamentarily reciprocal.

„Toleration is not the opposite of Intolerance, but is the counterfeit of it. Both are despotisms.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: Toleration is not the opposite of Intolerance, but is the counterfeit of it. Both are despotisms. The one assumes to itself the right of withholding Liberty of Conscience, and the other of granting it. The one is the Pope armed with fire and faggot, and the other is the Pope selling or granting indulgences. The former is church and state, and the latter is church and traffic. Part 1.3 Rights of Man

„We have every opportunity and every encouragement before us, to form the noblest purest constitution on the face of the earth. We have it in our power to begin the world over again.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: We have every opportunity and every encouragement before us, to form the noblest purest constitution on the face of the earth. We have it in our power to begin the world over again. A situation, similar to the present, hath not happened since the days of Noah until now. The birthday of a new world is at hand, and a race of men, perhaps as numerous as all Europe contains, are to receive their portion of freedom from the event of a few months.

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