Frases de Hipócrates

Hipócrates Foto
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Hipócrates

Fecha de nacimiento: 460 a.C.
Fecha de muerte: 370 a.C.

Hipócrates de Cos —en griego: Ἱπποκράτης— fue un médico de la Antigua Grecia que ejerció durante el llamado siglo de Pericles. Está clasificado como una de las figuras más destacadas de la historia de la medicina, y muchos autores se refieren a él como el «padre de la medicina»,[1]​[2]​[3]​ en reconocimiento a sus importantes y duraderas contribuciones a esta ciencia como fundador de la escuela que lleva su nombre. Esta escuela intelectual revolucionó la medicina de su época, estableciéndola como una disciplina separada de otros campos con los cuales se la había asociado tradicionalmente y convirtiendo el ejercicio de la misma en una auténtica profesión.[4]​[5]​

Sin embargo, suelen entremezclarse los descubrimientos médicos de los escritores del Corpus hippocraticum, los practicantes de la medicina hipocrática y las acciones del mismo Hipócrates, por lo que se sabe muy poco sobre lo que el propio Hipócrates pensó, escribió e hizo realmente. A pesar de esta indefinición, Hipócrates es presentado a menudo como paradigma del médico antiguo. En concreto, se le atribuye un gran progreso en el estudio sistemático de la medicina clínica, reuniendo el conocimiento médico de escuelas anteriores y prescribiendo prácticas médicas de gran importancia histórica, como el juramento hipocrático y otras obras.[4]​[6]​

No hay que confundirlo con Hipócrates de Quíos, matemático griego del siglo V a. C.,[7]​ que nació en la isla de Quíos, no muy lejos de la de Cos, cuyo hito más importante fue la cuadratura de la lúnula.[8]​

Frases Hipócrates

„Lo que los medicamentos no sanan lo cura el hierro; lo que no cura el hierro, el fuego lo cura; lo que no sana el fuego debe considerarse incurable.“

—  Hipócrates

Sect. VIII, aph. 6
Fuente: [Zozaya, Antonio, Editorial Maxtor, Aforismos y pronósticos de Hipócrates, 2008, Valladolid, 77-78, 84-9761519-0]

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„Nunca, ni siquiera ante un ruego, administraré algún veneno letal como tampoco daré consejo para eso; nunca daré a mujer alguna supositorio para que aborte.“

—  Hipócrates

El juramento de Hipócrates, en la obra “La historia del aborto” por Robert Jütte, pp 33, según la traducción Deichgräber.

„As to diseases, make a habit of two things — to help, or at least, to do no harm.“

—  Hippocrates

Epidemics, Book I, Ch. 2, Full text online at Wikisource
Variant translation: The physician must be able to tell the antecedents, know the present, and foretell the future — must mediate these things, and have two special objects in view with regard to disease, namely, to do good or to do no harm.
Paraphrased variants:
Wherever a doctor cannot do good, he must be kept from doing harm.
Viking Book of Aphorisms : A Personal Selection (1988) by W. H. Auden and Louis Kronenberger, p. 213.
Original: (el) ἀσκεῖν περὶ τὰ νοσήματα δύο, ὠφελεῖν ἢ μὴ βλάπτειν

„Certain s and physicians say that it is not possible for any one to know medicine who does not know what man is“

—  Hippocrates

Ancient Medicine
Contexto: Certain s and physicians say that it is not possible for any one to know medicine who does not know what man is, and that who ever would cure men properly, must learn this in the first place. But this saying rather appertains to philosophy, as Empedocles and certain others have described what man in his origin is, and how he first was made and constructed. But I think whatever such has been said or written by sophist or physician concerning nature has less connexion with the art of medicine than with the art of painting. And I think that one cannot know anything certain respecting nature from any other quarter than from medicine... Wherefore it appears to me necessary to every physician to be skilled in nature, and strive to know... what man is in relation to the articles of food and drink, and to his other occupations, and what are the effects of each of them to every one.<!--pp. 174-175

„Conclusions which are merely verbal cannot bear fruit, only those do which are based on demonstrated fact.“

—  Hippocrates

Precepts, Ch. 2, as translated by W. H. S. Jones (1923).
Contexto: Conclusions which are merely verbal cannot bear fruit, only those do which are based on demonstrated fact. For affirmation and talk are deceptive and treacherous. Wherefore one must hold fast to facts in generalizations also, and occupy oneself with facts persistently, if one is to acquire that ready and infallible habit which we call "the art of medicine."

„But this saying rather appertains to philosophy, as Empedocles and certain others have described“

—  Hippocrates

Ancient Medicine
Contexto: Certain s and physicians say that it is not possible for any one to know medicine who does not know what man is, and that who ever would cure men properly, must learn this in the first place. But this saying rather appertains to philosophy, as Empedocles and certain others have described what man in his origin is, and how he first was made and constructed. But I think whatever such has been said or written by sophist or physician concerning nature has less connexion with the art of medicine than with the art of painting. And I think that one cannot know anything certain respecting nature from any other quarter than from medicine... Wherefore it appears to me necessary to every physician to be skilled in nature, and strive to know... what man is in relation to the articles of food and drink, and to his other occupations, and what are the effects of each of them to every one.<!--pp. 174-175

„Whoever having undertaken to speak or write on Medicine, have first laid down for themselves some hypothesis to their argument, such as hot, or cold, or moist, or dry“

—  Hippocrates

Ancient Medicine
Contexto: Whoever having undertaken to speak or write on Medicine, have first laid down for themselves some hypothesis to their argument, such as hot, or cold, or moist, or dry, or whatever else they choose, (thus reducing their subject within a narrow compass, and supposing only one or two original causes of diseases or of death among mankind,) are all clearly mistaken in much that they say; and this is the more reprehensible as relating to an art which all men avail themselves of on the most important occasions... For there are practitioners, some bad and some far otherwise, which, if there had been no such thing as Medicine, and if nothing had been investigated or found out in it... all would have been equally unskilled and ignorant of it, and everything concerning the sick would have been directed by chance. But now it is not so; for, as in all the other arts, those who practise them differ much from one another in dexterity and knowledge, so is it in like manner with Medicine. Wherefore I have not thought that it stood in need of an empty hypothesis, like those subjects which are occult and dubious... as, for example, with regard to things above us [meteorology, astronomy or astrology] and things below the earth [geology, Hades, ]; if any one should treat of these and undertake to declare how they are constituted, the reader or hearer could not find out, whether what is delivered be true or false; for there is nothing which can be referred to in order to discover the truth.<!--pp. 161-162

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