Frases de Hipócrates
Fecha de nacimiento: 460
Hipócrates de Cos fue un médico de la Antigua Grecia que ejerció durante el llamado siglo de Pericles. Está clasificado como una de las figuras más destacadas de la historia de la medicina y muchos autores se refieren a él como el «padre de la medicina» en reconocimiento a sus importantes y duraderas contribuciones a esta ciencia como fundador de la escuela que lleva su nombre. Esta escuela intelectual revolucionó la medicina de la Antigua Grecia, estableciéndola como una disciplina separada de otros campos con los cuales se la había asociado tradicionalmente , convirtiendo el ejercicio de la medicina en una auténtica profesión.
Sin embargo, suelen entremezclarse los descubrimientos médicos de los escritores del Corpus hippocraticum, los practicantes de la medicina hipocrática y las acciones del mismo Hipócrates, por lo que se sabe muy poco sobre lo que el propio Hipócrates pensó, escribió e hizo realmente. A pesar de esta indefinición, Hipócrates es presentado a menudo como paradigma del médico antiguo. En concreto, se le atribuye un gran progreso en el estudio sistemático de la medicina clínica, reuniendo el conocimiento médico de escuelas anteriores y prescribiendo prácticas médicas de gran importancia histórica, como el juramento hipocrático y otras obras.
No hay que confundirlo con Hipócrates de Quíos, matemático griego del siglo V a. C., que nació en la isla de Quíos, no muy lejos de la de Cos, cuyo hito más importante fue la cuadratura de la lúnula.
„Time is that wherein there is opportunity, and opportunity is that wherein there is no great time.“
Context: Time is that wherein there is opportunity, and opportunity is that wherein there is no great time. Healing is a matter of time, but it is sometimes also a matter of opportunity. However, knowing this, one must attend to medical practice not primarily to plausible theories, but to experience combined with reason. For a theory is a composite memory of things apprehended with sense perception. Precepts, Ch. 1, as translated by W. H. S. Jones (1923).
„Certain s and physicians say that it is not possible for any one to know medicine who does not know what man is“
Context: Certain s and physicians say that it is not possible for any one to know medicine who does not know what man is, and that who ever would cure men properly, must learn this in the first place. But this saying rather appertains to philosophy, as Empedocles and certain others have described what man in his origin is, and how he first was made and constructed. But I think whatever such has been said or written by sophist or physician concerning nature has less connexion with the art of medicine than with the art of painting. And I think that one cannot know anything certain respecting nature from any other quarter than from medicine... Wherefore it appears to me necessary to every physician to be skilled in nature, and strive to know... what man is in relation to the articles of food and drink, and to his other occupations, and what are the effects of each of them to every one.<!--pp. 174-175
„Medicine is of all the Arts the most noble; but, owing to the ignorance of those who practice it, and of those who, inconsiderately, form a judgment of them, it is at present far behind all the other arts.“
Context: Medicine is of all the Arts the most noble; but, owing to the ignorance of those who practice it, and of those who, inconsiderately, form a judgment of them, it is at present far behind all the other arts. Their mistake appears to me to arise principally from this, that in the cities there is no punishment connected with the practice of medicine (and with it alone) except disgrace, and that does not hurt those who are familiar with it. Such persons are like the figures which are introduced in tragedies, for as they have the shape, and dress, and personal appearance of an actor, but are not actors, so also physicians are many in title but very few in reality. 1.
„Whoever having undertaken to speak or write on Medicine, have first laid down for themselves some hypothesis to their argument, such as hot, or cold, or moist, or dry“
Context: Whoever having undertaken to speak or write on Medicine, have first laid down for themselves some hypothesis to their argument, such as hot, or cold, or moist, or dry, or whatever else they choose, (thus reducing their subject within a narrow compass, and supposing only one or two original causes of diseases or of death among mankind,) are all clearly mistaken in much that they say; and this is the more reprehensible as relating to an art which all men avail themselves of on the most important occasions... For there are practitioners, some bad and some far otherwise, which, if there had been no such thing as Medicine, and if nothing had been investigated or found out in it... all would have been equally unskilled and ignorant of it, and everything concerning the sick would have been directed by chance. But now it is not so; for, as in all the other arts, those who practise them differ much from one another in dexterity and knowledge, so is it in like manner with Medicine. Wherefore I have not thought that it stood in need of an empty hypothesis, like those subjects which are occult and dubious... as, for example, with regard to things above us [meteorology, astronomy or astrology] and things below the earth [geology, Hades, ]; if any one should treat of these and undertake to declare how they are constituted, the reader or hearer could not find out, whether what is delivered be true or false; for there is nothing which can be referred to in order to discover the truth.<!--pp. 161-162