Frases de John Adams

John Adams Foto
11   4

John Adams

Fecha de nacimiento: 30. Octubre 1735
Fecha de muerte: 4. Julio 1826

John Adams fue un estadista estadounidense y padre fundador que se desempeñó como primer vicepresidente y segundo presidente de los Estados Unidos . Fue abogado, diplomático, teórico político y líder del movimiento por la independencia de los Estados Unidos. También fue un cronista y corresponsal dedicado, particularmente con su esposa y asesora más cercana, Abigail.

Adams llegó a la prominencia en las primeras etapas de la Guerra de Independencia de los Estados Unidos. Como delegado de Massachusetts al Congreso Continental, desempeñó un papel importante en persuadir al Congreso para declarar la independencia, y ayudó a Thomas Jefferson en la redacción de la Declaración de Independencia de los Estados Unidos en 1776. Como representante del Congreso en Europa, fue uno de los negociadores principales del Tratado de París con Gran Bretaña, y uno de los principales responsables de la obtención de préstamos importantes de banqueros de Ámsterdam. Teórico político e historiador, Adams escribió en gran medida la constitución del estado de Massachusetts en 1780, pero estaba en Europa cuando la Constitución federal se redactó en principios similares. Uno de sus grandes papeles se dio a la hora de elegir a personas para distintos cargos: en 1775, nombró a George Washington como comandante en jefe del Ejército Continental, y, veinticinco años más tarde, nombró a John Marshall como presidente del Tribunal Supremo de los Estados Unidos.

Las credenciales revolucionarias de Adams le aseguraron dos mandatos como vicepresidente de George Washington y su propia elección en 1796 como el segundo presidente de la nación. Durante su mandato presidencial, se encontró con feroces ataques por parte del Partido Demócrata-Republicano de Thomas Jefferson, así como la facción dominante de su propio partido, el Partido Federalista liderado por su acérrimo enemigo Alexander Hamilton. Adams firmó las polémicas Actas de sedición y extranjeros, y construyó el Ejército y la Marina, especialmente en el contexto de la guerra naval no declarada con Francia, 1798-1800. El gran logro de su presidencia fue la solución pacífica de la Cuasi-Guerra frente a la oposición belicista de Hamilton.

En 1800 Adams fue derrotado en la reelección por Thomas Jefferson y se retiró a Massachusetts. Más tarde reanudó su amistad con Jefferson. Él y su esposa, Abigail Adams, fundaron una línea familiar de políticos, diplomáticos e historiadores en los Estados Unidos. Fue el padre de John Quincy Adams, sexto presidente de los Estados Unidos. El 4 de julio de 1826 falleció a los 90 años, el mismo día del 50º Aniversario de la Declaración de Independencia. Ese mismo día, horas antes, había muerto Thomas Jefferson. Paradójicamente, las últimas palabras de John Adams fueron: "Thomas Jefferson está vivo".

Sus logros han recibido mayor reconocimiento en los tiempos modernos, a pesar de que sus contribuciones no fueron inicialmente tan célebres como las de los otros Padres Fundadores. Wikipedia

„Pero en una Constitución de gobierno, una vez cambiada la libertad, nunca puede ser restaurada. La libertad, una vez perdida, se pierde para siempre.“

—  John Adams

Original: «But a Constitution of Government once changed from Freedom, can never be restored. Liberty, once lost, is lost forever».
Fuente: Citado en Kirov, Blago. John Adams: Quotes & Facts. Editor Blago Kirov, 2016. ISBN 9788892577947
Fuente: Carta a Abigail Adams, 17 de julio de 1775.

„Hay peligro en todos los hombres. La única máxima de un gobierno libre debe ser no confiar en ningún hombre con poder para poner en peligro la libertad pública.“

—  John Adams

Notas para una oración en Braintree, primavera de 1772.
Original: «There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endanger the public liberty».
Fuente: The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations. Editor Elizabeth M. Knowles. Colaborador Elizabeth M. Knowles. Edición revisada. Editorial Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN 9780198601739. p. 3.

„Hay algo muy antinatural y odioso en un gobierno a mil leguas de distancia. Todo un gobierno de nuestra propia elección, dirigido por personas a quienes amamos, reverenciamos y en las que podemos confiar, tiene en él encantos por los cuales los hombres lucharán.“

—  John Adams

Original: «There is something very unnatural and odious in a government a thousand leagues off. A whole government of our own choice, managed by persons whom we love, revere, and can confide in, has charms in it for which men will fight».
Fuente: Adams, John. The Letters of John and Abigail Adams. Editor Simon and Schuster, 2012. ISBN 9781625584427.
Fuente: Carta a Abigail Adams, 17 de mayo de 1776.

„Pero Estados Unidos es un cuerpo grande e incómodo. Su progreso debe ser lento. Es como una gran flota navegando bajo convoy. Los marinos más rápidos deben esperar a los más pesados y lentos. Como un entrenador y un equipo de seis, los caballos más rápidos deben ser retenidos y el más lento acelerado, que todos pueden guardar un ritmo uniforme.“

—  John Adams

Original: «But America is a great, unwieldy Body. Its Progress must be slow. It is like a large Fleet sailing under Convoy. The fleetest Sailors must wait for the dullest and slowest. Like a Coach and six—the swiftest Horses must be slackened and the slowest quickened, that all may keep an even Pace».
Fuente: Adams, John. The works of John Adams, second President of the United States. Volume 1. Editor Best Books on, 1856. ISBN 9781623764623. p. 176.
Fuente: Carta a Abigail Adams, 17 de julio de 1775.

„Los hombres de estado, mi querido señor, pueden planear y especular con respecto a la libertad, pero sólo la religión y la moralidad pueden establecer los principios sobre los cuales la libertad puede aguantar con seguridad. El único fundamento de una constitución libre es la virtud pura, y si esto no puede ser inspirado en nuestra gente en una medida mayor que la que tienen ahora, pueden cambiar sus gobernantes y las formas de gobierno, pero no obtendrán una libertad duradera. Sólo intercambiarán tiranos y tiranías.“

—  John Adams

Original: «Statesmen, my dear Sir, may plan and speculate for Liberty, but it is Religion and Morality alone, which can establish the Principles upon which Freedom can securely stand. The only foundation of a free Constitution is pure Virtue, and if this cannot be inspired into our People in a greater Measure than they have it now, They may change their Rulers and the forms of Government, but they will not obtain a lasting Liberty. They will only exchange Tyrants and Tyrannies».
Fuente: Adams, John. The Works of John Adams Vol. 9: Letters and State Papers 1799 - 1811. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag, 2015. ISBN 9783849648251.
Fuente: Carta a Zabdiel Adams, 21 de junio de 1776.

„La naturaleza humana con todas sus debilidades y depravaciones es todavía capaz de grandes cosas. Es capaz de alcanzar tales grados de sabiduría y bondad, que tenemos razones para creer que aparecerían respetables en la estimación de inteligencias superiores. La educación hace una mayor diferencia entre el hombre y el hombre que la que la naturaleza ha hecho entre el hombre y el bruto. Las virtudes y poderes para los que los hombres pueden ser entrenados, por una educación temprana y disciplina constante, son verdaderamente sublimes y asombrosas. Newton y Locke son ejemplos de la profunda sagacidad que se pueden adquirir con largos hábitos de pensamiento y estudio.“

—  John Adams

Original: «Human nature with all its infirmities and depravation is still capable of great things. It is capable of attaining to degrees of wisdom and goodness, which we have reason to believe, appear as respectable in the estimation of superior intelligences. Education makes a greater difference between man and man, than nature has made between man and brute. The virtues and powers to which men may be trained, by early education and constant discipline, are truly sublime and astonishing. Newton and Locke are examples of the deep sagacity which may be acquired by long habits of thinking and study».
Fuente: Carta a Abigail Adams, 29 de octubre de 1775.

„La más alta, la gloria trascendente de la Revolución Americana fue esta: conectó, en un vínculo indisoluble, los principios del gobierno civil con los preceptos del cristianismo.“

—  John Adams

Original: «The highest, the transcendent glory of the American Revolution was this—it connected, in one indissoluble bond, the principles of civil government with the precepts of Christianity».
Fuente: Aikman, David. One Nation without God?: The Battle for Christianity in an Age of Unbelief. Editorial Baker Books, 2012. ISBN 9781441235848. https://books.google.es/books?id=vovlWkHq56cC&pg=PT52&dq=The+highest,+the+transcendent+glory+of+the+American+Revolution+was+this%E2%80%94it+connected,+in+one+indissoluble+bond,+the+principles+of+civil+government+with+the+precepts+of+Christianity.+I&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjf3YzK2uXfAhUJ_BQKHfFkDfMQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=The%20highest%2C%20the%20transcendent%20glory%20of%20the%20American%20Revolution%20was%20this%E2%80%94it%20connected%2C%20in%20one%20indissoluble%20bond%2C%20the%20principles%20of%20civil%20government%20with%20the%20precepts%20of%20Christianity.%20I&f=false

„Hay dos formas de conquistar y esclavizar a una nación. Una es la espada, la otra es la deuda.“

—  John Adams

Fuente: Soriano Llobera, Juan M. Prensa económica, ¿Ángel o demonio?, de la democracia a la actualidad. Editorial Bibliolibrary Editorial, 2012. ISBN 9788493949228. p. 108.

„Estoy de acuerdo con usted en que en la política la vía del medio es ninguna.“

—  John Adams

Original: «I agree with you that in politics the middle way is none at all».
Fuente: Adams, John. The works of John Adams, second President of the United States. Volume 1. Editor Best Books on, 1856. ISBN 9781623764623. p. 206.
Fuente: Carta a Horatio Gates, 23 de marzo de 1776.

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating

„Es imposible juzgar con mucha exactitud los verdaderos motivos y cualidades de las acciones humanas, o de las propiedades de las normas ideadas para gobernarlas, sin considerar con igual atención, todas las pasiones, apetitos y afectos de la naturaleza de los que proceden. Un conocimiento íntimo, por tanto, del mundo intelectual y moral es el único fundamento sobre el cual se puede erigir una estructura estable del conocimiento.“

—  John Adams

Original: «Tis impossible to judge with much Precision of the true Motives and Qualities of human Actions, or of the Propriety of Rules contrived to govern them, without considering with like Attention, all the Passions, Appetites, Affections in Nature from which they flow. An intimate Knowledge therefore of the intellectual and moral World is the sole foundation on which a stable structure of Knowledge can be erected».
Fuente: Adams, John. The Works of John Adams Vol. 2. Editorial Jazzybee Verlag. ISBN 9783849693831. p. 43.
Fuente: Carta a Jonathan Sewall, octubre de 1759.

„There are two tyrants in human life who domineer in all nations, in Indians and Negroes, in Tartars and Arabs, in Hindoos and Chinese, in Greeks and Romans, in Britons and Gauls, as well as in our simple, youthful, and beloved United States of America. These two tyrants are fashion and party.“

—  John Adams

They are sometimes at variance, and I know not whether their mutual hostility is not the only security of human happiness. But they are forever struggling for an alliance with each other; and, when they are united, truth, reason, honor, justice, gratitude, and humanity itself in combination are no match for the coalition. Upon the maturest reflection of a long experience, I am much inclined to believe that fashion is the worst of all tyrants, because he is the original source, cause, preserver, and supporter of all others.
Letter to Samuel B. Malcolm (6 August 1812), Quincy. http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2127#Adams_1431-10_87
1810s

„Property must be secured, or liberty cannot exist.“

—  John Adams

No. 13
1790s, Discourses on Davila (1790)
Contexto: Property must be secured, or liberty cannot exist. But if unlimited or unbalanced power of disposing property, be put into the hands of those who have no property, France will find, as we have found, the lamb committed to the custody of the wolf. In such a case, all the pathetic exhortations and addresses of the national assembly to the people, to respect property, will be regarded no more than the warbles of the songsters of the forest. The great art of law-giving consists in balancing the poor against the rich in the legislature, and in constituting the legislative a perfect balance against the executive power, at the same time that no individual or party can become its rival. The essence of a free government consists in an effectual control of rivalries. The executive and the legislative powers are natural rivals; and if each has not an effectual control over the other, the weaker will ever be the lamb in the paws of the wolf. The nation which will not adopt an equilibrium of power must adopt a despotism. There is no other alternative. Rivalries must be controlled, or they will throw all things into confusion; and there is nothing but despotism or a balance of power which can control them.

„I have not one drop of blood in my veins but what is American.“

—  John Adams

To an ambassador (1785), as quoted in The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States: Autobiography http://books.google.com/books?id=lWcsAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA392 (1851), by Charles F. Adams, p. 392.
1780s
Contexto: Neither my father or mother, grandfather or grandmother, great grandfather or great grandmother, nor any other relation that I know of, or care a farthing for, has been in England these one hundred and fifty years; so that you see I have not one drop of blood in my veins but what is American.

„I was delighted with its high tone and the flights of oratory with which it abounded, especially that concerning negro slavery, which, though I knew his Southern brethren would never suffer to pass in Congress, I certainly never would oppose“

—  John Adams

Regarding a draft of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, Letter to Timothy Pickering (6 August 1822) http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2100#lf1431-02_head_061
As quoted in The Founding Fathers: John Adams: A Biography in his own Words https://web.archive.org/web/20111029143754/http://home.nas.com/lopresti/ps2.htm (1973), by James Bishop Peabody, Newsweek, New York, p. 201.
1820s
Contexto: A meeting we accordingly had, and conned the paper over. I was delighted with its high tone and the flights of oratory with which it abounded, especially that concerning negro slavery, which, though I knew his Southern brethren would never suffer to pass in Congress, I certainly never would oppose. There were other expressions which I would not have inserted, if I had drawn it up, particularly that which called the King tyrant. I thought this too personal; for I never believed George to be a tyrant in disposition and in nature; I always believed him to be deceived by his courtiers on both sides of the Atlantic, and in his official capacity only, cruel. I thought the expression too passionate, and too much like scolding, for so grave and solemn a document; but as Franklin and Sherman were to inspect it afterwards, I thought it would not become me to strike it out. I consented to report it, and do not now remember that I made or suggested a single alteration. We reported it to the committee of five. It was read, and I do not remember that Franklin or Sherman criticized any thing. We were all in haste. Congress was impatient, and the instrument was reported, as I believe, in Jefferson’s handwriting, as he first drew it. Congress cut off about a quarter of it, as I expected they would; but they obliterated some of the best of it, and left all that was exceptionable, if any thing in it was. I have long wondered that the original draught has not been published. I suppose the reason is, the vehement philippic against negro slavery.

„We ought to consider what is the end of government, before we determine which is the best form.“

—  John Adams

1770s, Thoughts on Government (1776)
Contexto: We ought to consider what is the end of government, before we determine which is the best form. Upon this point all speculative politicians will agree, that the happiness of society is the end of government, as all Divines and moral Philosophers will agree that the happiness of the individual is the end of man. From this principle it will follow, that the form of government which communicates ease, comfort, security, or, in one word, happiness, to the greatest number of persons, and in the greatest degree, is the best.

„It must be made a sacred maxim, that the militia obey the executive power, which represents the whole people in the execution of laws.“

—  John Adams

Fuente: 1780s, A Defence of the Constitutions of Government (1787), Ch. 3 Marchamont Nedham : Errors of Government and Rules of Policy" Sixth Rule <!-- The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States vol. VI (1851) p. 197 -->
Contexto: The militia and sovereignty are inseparable. In the English constitution, if the whole nation were a militia, there would be a militia to defend the crown, the lords, or the commons, if either were attacked. The crown, though it commands them, has no power to use them improperly, because it cannot pay or subsist them without the consent of the lords and commons; but if the militia are to obey a sovereignty in a single assembly, it is commanded, paid, and subsisted, and a standing army, too, may be raised, paid, and subsisted, by the vote of a majority; the militia, then, must all obey the sovereign majority, or divide, and part follow the majority, and part the minority. This last case is civil war; but, until it comes to this, the whole militia may be employed by the majority in any degree of tyranny and oppression over the minority. The constitution furnishes no resource or remedy; nothing affords a chance of relief but rebellion and civil war. If this terminates in favor of the minority, they will tyrannize in their turn, exasperated by revenge, in addition to ambition and avarice; if the majority prevail, their domination becomes more cruel, and soon ends in one despot. It must be made a sacred maxim, that the militia obey the executive power, which represents the whole people in the execution of laws. To suppose arms in the hands of citizens, to be used at individual discretion, except in private self-defence, or by partial orders of towns, counties, or districts of a state, is to demolish every constitution, and lay the laws prostrate, so that liberty can be enjoyed by no man; it is a dissolution of the government. The fundamental law of the militia is, that it be created, directed, and commanded by the laws, and ever for the support of the laws.

„Remember the frank Veteran acknowledges, that "the word rebel is a convertible term."“

—  John Adams

No. 5
1770s, Novanglus essays (1774&ndash;1775)
Contexto: We are told: "It is a universal truth, that he that would excite a rebellion, is at heart as great a tyrant as ever wielded the iron rod of oppression." Be it so. We are not exciting a rebellion. Opposition, nay, open, avowed resistance by arms, against usurpation and lawless violence, is not rebellion by the law of God or the land. Resistance to lawful authority makes rebellion. … Remember the frank Veteran acknowledges, that "the word rebel is a convertible term."

„I have long wondered that the original draught has not been published. I suppose the reason is, the vehement philippic against negro slavery“

—  John Adams

Regarding a draft of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, Letter to Timothy Pickering (6 August 1822) http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2100#lf1431-02_head_061
As quoted in The Founding Fathers: John Adams: A Biography in his own Words https://web.archive.org/web/20111029143754/http://home.nas.com/lopresti/ps2.htm (1973), by James Bishop Peabody, Newsweek, New York, p. 201.
1820s
Contexto: A meeting we accordingly had, and conned the paper over. I was delighted with its high tone and the flights of oratory with which it abounded, especially that concerning negro slavery, which, though I knew his Southern brethren would never suffer to pass in Congress, I certainly never would oppose. There were other expressions which I would not have inserted, if I had drawn it up, particularly that which called the King tyrant. I thought this too personal; for I never believed George to be a tyrant in disposition and in nature; I always believed him to be deceived by his courtiers on both sides of the Atlantic, and in his official capacity only, cruel. I thought the expression too passionate, and too much like scolding, for so grave and solemn a document; but as Franklin and Sherman were to inspect it afterwards, I thought it would not become me to strike it out. I consented to report it, and do not now remember that I made or suggested a single alteration. We reported it to the committee of five. It was read, and I do not remember that Franklin or Sherman criticized any thing. We were all in haste. Congress was impatient, and the instrument was reported, as I believe, in Jefferson’s handwriting, as he first drew it. Congress cut off about a quarter of it, as I expected they would; but they obliterated some of the best of it, and left all that was exceptionable, if any thing in it was. I have long wondered that the original draught has not been published. I suppose the reason is, the vehement philippic against negro slavery.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

Autores similares

Thomas Jefferson Foto
Thomas Jefferson44
tercer presidente de los Estados Unidos de América
George Washington Foto
George Washington17
primer presidente de los Estados Unidos de América
Benjamin Franklin Foto
Benjamin Franklin59
político, científico e inventor estadounidense
Samuel Johnson Foto
Samuel Johnson41
Ensayista y poeta inglés
Edmund Burke Foto
Edmund Burke39
Filósofo y político conservador británico (1729-1797)
Martín Lutero Foto
Martín Lutero22
Profesor de Teología, monge y sacerdote alemán, figura pr...
Cristina de Suecia Foto
Cristina de Suecia17
reina de Suecia, Duquesa de Bremen y Princesa de Verden
Michel De Montaigne Foto
Michel De Montaigne121
biografía, filósofo y político francés del Renacimiento
Aniversarios de hoy
Hildegarda de Bingen Foto
Hildegarda de Bingen9
Santa medieval, profetisa, mística, escritora, compositor... 1098 - 1179
Alejandro Casona Foto
Alejandro Casona48
dramaturgo español 1903 - 1965
Pepe Carroll Foto
Pepe Carroll12
1957 - 2004
Jim Rohn Foto
Jim Rohn12
Un gran filósofo de negocios 1930 - 2009
Otros 61 aniversarios hoy
Autores similares
Thomas Jefferson Foto
Thomas Jefferson44
tercer presidente de los Estados Unidos de América
George Washington Foto
George Washington17
primer presidente de los Estados Unidos de América
Benjamin Franklin Foto
Benjamin Franklin59
político, científico e inventor estadounidense
Samuel Johnson Foto
Samuel Johnson41
Ensayista y poeta inglés